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29 terms

Quarter 3 Terms

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Abolition
someone who wanted to end slavery, especially in the United States before the Civil War — when owning slaves was common practice.
Emancipation Proclamation
executive order issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln freeing slaves in all portions of the United States not then under Union control
Jim Crow
refers to a series of racist laws and measures that discriminated against African-Americans after slavery was abolished
Secession
The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861; led to the Civil War
Civil War
Fought between the Union and the Confederacy over states' rights to decide on the issue of slavery; won by the Union states
Manifest Destiny
attitude during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
Industrialization
process by which an economy is transformed from primarily agricultural to one based on the manufacturing of goods. Manual labor replaced by factory machines, assembly lines, etc.
Monopoly
Company that has driven out all competition to maintain complete control over a product or service; Andrew Carnegie (Steel) Cornelius Vanderbilt (Railroad) John Rockefeller (oil) etc.
Labor union
An organization of workers formed to promote better working conditions, fairer pay, and job security; became popular during Industrial Era
Telegraph
Vastly improved communication systems in the US and worldwide; a key weapon that allowed Lincoln to give direct orders to Union armies
Suffrage
The right to vote in elections; fought for by women who finally received the right to vote with the passing of the 19th Amendment
Union Army
Victorious in the Civil War; leaders include President Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant
Ellis Island
it served as the prime immigration station of the country. Some twelve million immigrants passed through it during this time in NYC
Angel Island
immigration station located in San Francisco Bay, California where immigrants entering the United States were detained and interrogated
Push/Pull
factors that drive a person to leave a country or attract them to a new country
Border states
slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which refused to secede from the Union
Urbanization
the process where an increasing percentage of a population lives in cities and suburbs. A result of industrialization as large numbers of people leave farms to work and live in cities.
Fugitive Slave Act
This law stated that any slave master can recapture their run away slaves. It also required that slaves be returned no matter where they were.
Cotton gin
Dramatically increased the number of slaves in the south prior to the Civil War
Reconstruction
Refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States; controversy over how to deal with newly freed Slaves and states that had joined the Confederacy
Transcontinental railroad
Connected cities and people across the nation; increased efficiency of transport of goods and citizens
Chinese Exclusion Act
federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
Henry Ford
Henry Ford was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production
Confederate Army
the government formed in 1861 by southern states that proclaimed their secession from the United States. Jefferson Davis was its president.
Abraham Lincoln
Elected as 16th president; led the Union states in the Civil War; issued Emancipation Proclamation
13th Amendment
abolished slavery in all states
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