Apologia Biology Vocabulary - Module 7: Cellular Reproduction and DNA (2nd edition)

Vocabulary from Module 7, from Apologia's High School Biology Course Exploring Creation With Biology, by Dr. Jay Wile and Marilyn F. Durnell (2nd edition). There is also a crossword puzzle with these vocabulary words at e-learninglinks.com.
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
Genetic factors
The general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA
Environmental factors
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behavioral choices
Spiritual factors
The factors in a person's life that are determined by the quality of his or her relationship with God
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein or a portion of protein, thereby causing a trait
Messenger RNA
The RNA that performs transcription
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific type of amino acid
DNA coiled around and supported by proteins, found in the nucleus of the cell
A process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
The time interval between cellular reproduction
The region that joins two sister chromatids
Mother cell
A cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicated DNA and centrioles
The figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to their homologous pairs
Diploid cell
A cell with chromosomes that come in homologous pairs
Haploid cell
A cell that has only one representative of each chromosome pair
Diploid number (2n)
The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
Haploid number (n)
The number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
The process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms gametes (n)
Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics: It has genetic material (RNA or DNA) inside a protective protein coat, and it cannot reproduce on its own.
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can aid in destroying the pathogen