35 terms

US History- World War 1

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Trench foot/mouth
Physical condition resulting from trench style of fighting
Machine guns/tanks/planes
Created new mechanized warfare
Lusitania
British passenger ship sunk by the Germans, 128 Americans died, turned public opinion in the war
Espionage and Sedition Act
Made it illegal to speak out against the government's war efforts, incite disloyalty or persuade men from avoiding the draft, and outlawed disloyal or profane language directed against the constitution, military uniforms & flag
Wilson's 14 Points
plan for organizing post-war Europe in order to avoid future wars
Reparations
war payments made by a losing country after war
General John Pershing
leader of the U.S. AEF forces in Europe
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. armed forces sent over to fight in Europe during WWI. Not a legitimate army
armistice
A temporary peace agreement to end fighting.
U-Boat warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Zimmerman Telegram
A coded message sent by Germany to try to get Mexico to attack the US
stalemate
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
U-boat
German submarine - u boat is short of the German word, Unterseeboot (Under Sea Boat)
Shell Shock
Complete emotional collapse from wartime experiences
War Industries Board
Encouraged companies to use mass-production, set prices, and increased production by 20%
Railroad Administration
Controlled the nation's RR
Fuel Administration
Regulated coal supplies and rationed gasoline and heating oil
National War Labor Board
Resolved labor disputes and pushed for improved working conditions
Food Administration
Encouraged people to reduce consumption
Committee on Public Information
mobilize the nations artists/advertisers to increase support for the war through propaganda
Immigrants
Many lost their jobs and were discriminated against during the war because of their heritage
Women
Moved to jobs traditionally held by men. This pushed for the passing of the 19th Amendment
African Americans
Had mixed feelings about fighting in the war. Many moved to the cities in search of jobs.
Bernard M Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board
George Creel
Head of the Committee on Public Information
Convoy system
Used to defend merchant ships against German submarines
Doughboys
Nickname for American infantry who wore white belts
Selective Service Act
Required men over the age of 18 to register for the draft to be randomly selected for military service
Conscientious Objector
A person who opposed the war for religious/moral reasons
Weaknesses of the treaty
Did not provide lasting peace, high reparations bankrupted Germany, and did not acknowledge colonial self government
US reaction to the treaty
Believed the treaty was too harsh and opposed the League of Nations
Long term effects of the war
Strengthened US military and government, accelerated social change in the US, and political instability/violence in Europe
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