Terms in this set (45)
Mens sense of virtue emphasizes
justice over relationship
The primary goal of virtue ethics is
to be a good person
The most challenging argument against virtue ethics is that
the ethical theory does not offer a decision procedure
Aristotle believes that vices like envy, malice, theft, and adultery have a less extreme "mean state" that is virtuous. True or False.
Impartiality is thought of as a stereotypical masculine trait. True or false
A Kantian could argue that we should develop virtues in ourselves and others because:
it would make our behavior more universally willable, and less likely to involve the use of others for selfish ends.
Virtue ethics teaches us
how we ought to be
What argument does Socrates make to challenge Euthyphro's assertion that "what the gods approve of is pious (good) and what they disapprove of impious (good)?
That the gods have different opinions as to what is approved of and disproved of and an act cannot be both pious and impious at the same time
Euthyphro is about
The nature of goodness
How does the Euthyphro end
Socrates convinces Euthyphro that he was wrong in his argument about what is pious (good)
In the Euthyphro, Socrates is on trial for
Corrupting the minds of the youth
Which of the follow scenarios is impossible logically speaking?
Sound but not Valid with at least one untrue premise
Which is not a reason for supporting subjectivism
The position that our moral judgments are fundamentally based on our emotional impulses and are commands for other people to have the same emotions as we do
Which of the following is not a consequence of following a Cultural Relativist's position:
All of the answers given are correct.
According to the lecture notes, the both Eskimos and American moral code is most likely:
Infanticide is wrong, except in cases where there are not enough resources to care for the infant
Which of the following statements regarding Nietzsche is true
Master morality is better than slave morality because slave morality is based on resentment of the master
According to the lecture notes, The Callatians and the Greeks differed in their beliefs in:
how to deal with their dead
Moral deliberation is a key component in deciding what is "good" in both cultural relativism and subjectivism
Which of the following is not an ethical theory?
Ethical Egoism may be considered unacceptably arbitrary because
It puts my interests ahead of all others combined
Thomas Hobbes reinterprets the idea of Charity as
A way of expressing power
The story of Mr. Lincoln was supposed to illustrate the truth of ethical egoism.
What does Glaucon want to demonstrate by giving two people rings?
Even "good" people will do evil if they can act without consequence
The fact that we do behave a certain way is which of the following?
A poor reason for believing that we ought to do so.
Psychological egoism, the theory that most human beings generally do act, in fact, in our own self-interests, is generally thought to be which of the following?
Very difficult to prove
Which of the following statements concerning Ayn Rand's philosophy would she acknowledge as true?
We should not rely on religious or social norms to dictate our behavior.
We should treat marriage as a business transaction
the type of utilitarianism that determines goodness of a particular act by measuring the utility for all, but only for that specific act and without regard for future actions
the type of utilitarianism that determines the goodness of an action by measuring the utility of that action when made into a rule for behavior
Both Bentham and Mill hold that some pleasures are better in kind than others.
Rule-utilitarians maintain that we must consider carefully the importance of:
rationally derived principles.
For Kant to "use" means:
To treat as a mere means
For Kant an "end" is:
Something that has inrinsic value
Moral "oughts" are all of the following except
Supported by laws.
According to Immanuel Kant, which of the following characteristics of human persons is/are most important for ethics? (Choose all that apply.)
Autonomy: our ability to set our own goals.
For Kant an "imperative" means
A form of statement that tells us to do something
the moral principle that behavior should be determined by duty
a principle stating the action required to attain a desired goal
For Kant "categorical" means
Applying no matter what, under all conditions
According to Kant, we are morally responsible for which of the following?
For our motive to do good or bad.
What is not an emphasis of Kant's moral theory?
It emphasizes social benefit over individual rights.
According to Kant, what has the highest intrinsic value?
"Act only on that maxim you can will to become universal law" is known as which form of Kant's categorical imperative?
Kant showed that it is important to see that acting from the strong, uncritical inclination, desire, or bias is not at all the same thing as to take a serious, rational, objective and fair interest in something.
What, according to Kant, is the difference between persons and things?
Unlike things, which have only relative value, a person's existence is an end in itself.