Driver's Ed Permit
Terms in this set (81)
Red Traffic Signs
signs convey traffic regulations that require
drivers to take immediate actions to avoid threats to traffic safety. A "Wrong Way" sign is an example
Yellow or Fluorescent Yellow-Green Traffic Signs
prepare drivers for specific road conditions, hazards ahead and alerts drivers to nearby school zones.
White traffic signs
display traffic regulations that drivers must obey such as speed limits, as well as helpful information
such as state highway markers.
Orange traffic signs
warn drivers of temporary traffic conditions. These signs are often used to warn drivers of conditions ahead due to highway construction and
Green traffic signs
indicate permitted movements and directions or guidance, such as highway entrances and exits
or distance to upcoming destinations.
Blue traffic signs
display road services and evacuation route
information to drivers.
Brown traffic signs
s indicate nearby recreational and cultural
interest information. A sign showing a nearby state park isan example of a traffic sign with a brown background.
The shape of a traffic sign also indicates the type of information displayed on the sign. How many different shapes are there?
There are 7 common shapes used for traffic signs.
Circular traffic signs
alert drivers of upcoming railroad crossings.
Equilateral traffic signs
signs with three sides of equal length warn drivers
to slow down when approaching an intersection and to be prepared to come to a complete stop in order to yield to other drivers or pedestrians.
Pennant-shaped traffic signs
are posted on the left-hand side of two-way roads to warn drivers not to pass vehicles on the left.
Rectangular Traffic signs
display one of three types of information. They may convey traffic regulations that drivers must obey such as speed limits and turn movement prohibitions such as "No Left Turn."
Diamond-Shaped Traffic signs
warn drivers of upcoming road conditions and hazards. A "Divided Highway Ends"sign is an example of a diamond-shaped traffic sign.
Five-sided traffic signs
warn drivers that they are entering
near a school in which children may be crossing the road.
Eight-sided traffic signs
warn drivers that they must stop
and yield the appropriate right of way at an intersection.
are sometimes added to the bottom of stop signs to indicate directions in which the intersection must stop.
Traffic guidance signs
provide drivers with information about the type of road they are traveling on, upcoming highway entrances and exits and
distances to various destinations
Drivers Services and Recreation signs
provide drivers with information about nearby amenities, parks and recreational areas.
Traffic control devices (stop lights and signs)
are used to control traffic flow and indicate right of way at intersections and pedestrian crossings.
A yellow light means the green light has ended and the signal is about to turn
red. What does this mean for the driver?
If you are facing a yellow light, your right of way is ending. If you are approaching the intersection and are too close to stop safely, you may complete your movement after yielding the right of way.
If you are facing a green arrow displayed with a red or green light.....
you have the right of way and may turn through an intersection, as long as the intersection is clear. Drivers who are not facing a green arrow must stop.
If you are facing a green light displayed without an arrow, you may turn
through an intersection as long as the intersection is clear.
You must yield the right of way to all oncoming traffic. Only one vehicle at a time may move into an intersection to turn left.
A yellow flashing arrow for a turning movement means....
you may proceed with the turn only after you have yielded the right
of way to pedestrians and oncoming traffic.
Yellow flashing lights (steady/no arrow)
If you are facing a steady yellow light or arrow, your right of way
is ending. If you are facing a yellow light displayed without an arrow, your
right of way is ending.
If you are facing a red light displayed without an arrow...
your right of way has ended.
(Turning/red light) If you are in the middle of an intersection, you may....
turn once oncoming traffic has stopped.
(Turning/red light) If you are facing a red light, you may not enter the intersection
the light facing you turns green and the intersection is clear.
(Turning/red light) To turn right through an intersection with a red light, when permissible, you must.....
come to a full stop, check that there are no vehicles and pedestrians in the path of your turn or about to enter the path of your turn, check that there is not a "No Turn on Red" sign and use the correct lane.
You may turn left through an intersection with a red light if you are....
turning from a one-way street onto a one-way street.
When turning left at an intersection with a red light you also must.....
come to a full stop, check to make sure that there are no vehicles and pedestrians in the path of your turn or about to enter the path of your turn, and use the correct lanes.
A yellow flashing light displayed without an arrow at an intersection means....
you should slow down, use caution when traveling through an intersection.
If turning left, you must yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians.
All traffic on cross streets is required to yield the right of way to you. However, you should
watch for other vehicles or pedestrians attempting to cross the intersection.
A red flashing light at an intersection means
that you must come to a complete stop before entering the intersection.
If you are facing a red flashing light at an intersection at which cross traffic is
not required to stop....
you may proceed only when the intersection is clear and
when you will not interfere with the right of way of cross traffic.
If you are facing a red fl ashing light at an intersection at which all traffic is
required to stop, you may proceed only after you have...
stopped and yielded the
right of way to any vehicle that is already in the intersection, any vehicle that stopped before you and is entering the intersection and any vehicle that arrived at the same time as you and is to your right.
If you are approaching a red light or a stop sign, you must....
stop at the solid white stop line.
when approaching a red light, If there is no stop line, you should come to a complete stop......
perpendicular to the stop sign or before entering the crosswalk on your side of the intersection. If there is no crosswalk, you should come to a complete stop before entering the intersection.
Often individuals that are operating motorcycles, motor driven cycles and bicycles
get stuck at a red light and the signal fails to change to green. These individuals
may avoid prolonged waits at red lights under the following condition:
• An operator approaching an intersection controlled by a traffic signal may proceed through a steady red light if the operator comes to a complete stop for at least 120 seconds and exercises due caution
• This rule does not apply to autocycles
A yield sign indicates that a driver must slow down when approaching an
intersection and be prepared to come to a complete stop if a vehicle or
pedestrian with the right of way is approaching from another direction.
If you are approaching a yield sign, a vehicle approaching from another direction
with the right of way should not have to brake to avoid a collision with you.
If you are approaching an intersection with a non-operating signal, you should....
stop before entering the intersection. After stopping, you should yield the right of way to cross traffic and then proceed with caution.
Before entering a street from an alley or driveway, you should....
stop and yield the right of way to other vehicles.
Pedestrian signals alert pedestrians when...
they may safely cross a street
At some intersections,
there is a button near the base of the pedestrian signal or stop sign that may be
pushed to activate the walk signal.
Pedestrian signals display the words "DON'T WALK" or a symbol of a raised hand when it is not safe for pedestrians to cross a street or intersection.
(Pedestrian signal) The words or symbols flash to alert pedestrians that...
the time in which to safely cross the street or intersection is ending.
A pedestrian hybrid beacon is a specialized type of signal that is used to
facilitate pedestrian crossing that may be found at a mid-block crosswalk.
The pedestrian hybrid beacon is dark unless it has been activated by a pedestrian.
Yellow lane markings separate multiple lanes of traffic going in opposite directions.
You may cross a .....
broken yellow line to pass another vehicle when it is safe, but you
should not cross a solid yellow line except to turn.
White lane markings separate multiple lanes of traffic....
going in the same direction.
Most roads with more than two lanes have broken white lines to....
separate the lanes. You may cross a broken white line when it is safe to
change lanes, but you should not cross a solid white line
Only change one lane at a time. When changing lanes to prepare for a turn,
you must signal your intention to do so at least....
200 feet prior to changing lanes or turning.
When changing lanes, Your signal distance must be at least....
300 feet before the turn if operating a vehicle in a speed zone of at least 50 miles per hour.
Do not weave in and out of lanes. This action will greatly increase your risk of an
accident. On the highway, slower vehicles should use the....
right lane. Leave the left-hand lane for faster moving or passing vehicles.
Follow these rules when you are changing lanes:
Make sure no traffic is ahead of you in the lane you want to enter
• Check mirrors for any vehicles preparing to pass you
• turn head towards the lane that you are entering to make sure
that there is no vehicle in your blind spot and sufficient room
to move into the adjacent lane
• Use your turn signal to alert others
• Smoothly move into the new lane
Follow these rules when you are passing other vehicles:
• Make sure the passing lane is clear — you must return to the right
side of the road no less than 100 feet before any oncoming vehicle
• Check behind and to the left of your vehicle to make sure that another
vehicle is not attempting to pass you
• Use your turn signals
• Move into the passing lane, accelerate and continue to move forward until you can see the vehicle that you are passing in your mirror
• Before returning to the lane in which you were originally driving, use the appropriate turn signal
It is dangerous and illegal to try to pass other vehicles in the following situations:
• A solid yellow line is marked on the driver's side of the center line
• A yellow pennant-shaped "No Passing Zone" is posted, or a white rectangular "Do Not Pass" sign is posted
• When you are driving on or approaching a curve in the road
• When you are approaching the crest of a hill or grade in the road
• Within 100 feet of an intersection, railroad crossing, bridge, viaduct or tunnel
You must give a proper turn signal at least...
200 feet before turning or changing
If the posted speed limit is 50 miles per hour or more, you must give a
proper turn signal at least...
300 feet before turning or changing lanes.
Th e safest type of signal is using the lighted signals used in most vehicles. If,
however, one or more of these signals is malfunctioning, ....
you may use hand signals. You may not use hand signals on a driving skills exam.
One exception where U-turns are permitted and necessary is at ...
an intersection where the left-turn movement is prohibited in the intersection, but rather the left-turn is made after the driver proceeds through the intersection and
makes a U-turn at an upcoming median opening. These are known as median U-turn intersections and signs are provided to guide drivers.
The rules for a four-way stop are like those for a two-way stop: stop and look
for oncoming traffic, and proceed when it is safe to do so. At a four-way stop,
the rule is that the....
first vehicle to stop at the intersection is the first to proceed
through the intersection.
However, you may occasionally arrive at a four-way stop sign at the same time as another driver. In such cases the driver....
to the right has the right of way. However, if there is any doubt which driver has the right of way or if there is the chance of a crash, it is better to yield to the other driver.
A roundabout is a circular
intersection in which traffic
enters or exits only through
right turns and proceeds in a
When approaching a roundabout,...
incoming traffic always
yields to the circulating traffic.
For multi-lane roundabouts
where the circular roadway
has more than one lane,....
drivers should know which lane they need to be in prior to entering the roundabout. Drivers should not change lanes in the circulatory roadway.
A traffic circle differs from a roundabout in that it may have clockwise and
counter-clockwise traffic. The approaches to the circulatory roadway of a traffic
may also be controlled by stop signs instead of yield signs.
Designated center lanes for left turns can usually be identified by ...
a sign with alternate directional arrows that states "CENTER LANE ONLY" or with pavement arrows, some do not have signs or arrows.
A U-turn is a maneuver in which a driver changes direction by making a
180-degree turn. It is potentially dangerous and should only be undertaken
when not prohibited by law. Follow these rules when making a U-turn:
• Always yield right of way to oncoming vehicles and pedestrians
• Never make a U-turn on a curve or when approaching the crest of a hill
• Never make a U-turn on an interstate highway. Instead, proceed to the next exit and re-enter the highway in the opposite direction
Rural interstate highways are located outside urban areas with a population of
at least 50,000 people. Th e following speed limit rules apply in these areas:
• Passenger vehicles may not exceed 70 miles per hour or the posted speed limit
• Trucks that have a declared gross vehicle weight greater than 26,000 pounds may not exceed 65 miles per hour or the posted speed limit
On a rural state divided highway, vehicles may not exceed 60 miles per hour or the posted speed limit.
Urban areas have a population of at least 50,000 people. Th e following speed
limit rules apply in these areas:
• On an urban interstate highway, vehicles may not exceed 55 mph
or the posted speed limit
• On a non-divided state highway, vehicles may not exceed 55 mph
or the posted speed limit
• On county roads, vehicles may not exceed 55 mph or the posted
• In residential areas, vehicles may not exceed 30 mph or the posted speed limit
• In alleys, vehicles may not exceed 15 mph or the posted speed limit
If you are driving near a school, you must slow down to the lower, posted speed
limit for the school zone. Common hours for school zone speed limits are...
7a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. However, local authorities may
establish lower speed limits for school zones when children are present.
Work site speed limits are always at least.....
10 miles per hour below the maximum established speed limit for the area. Drivers must adhere to the posted speed limit in a work site.
When not driving on an interstate or state highway, the maximum speed limit
for a school bus is ....
40 miles per hour unless the posted speed limit is lower.
The maximum speed limit for a school bus on an interstate or highway is .....
60 miles per hour or the posted speed limit.
Tires have been known to lose up to ______ every month, so check all tires, including your spare, once a month or before trips.
1 pound per square inch (psi)
Once every month, or before you embark upon a long road trip, check your
tires for wear and damage. One easy way to check for wear is by using the....
Feet traveled in one second
35 mph 55 mph 65 mph
51.3 80.7 95.3
Traffic lanes in one second
35 mph 55 mph 65 mph
2.6 4 4.7
Seconds to travel a football field
35 mph 55 mph 65 mph
5.8 3.7 3.1
Many factors affect a vehicle's ability to stop:
• Weight of vehicle
• Type and condition of brakes
• Type and condition of tires
• Physical condition of pavement
• Slickness of pavement
• Grade of road
If your vehicle begins to lose traction or the rear wheels begin sliding sideways,
ease off the gas pedal....
Do not make a fast turn away from the direction of the skid; do not steer too far, which could cause a spin.
If your vehicle has conventional brakes, turn the steering wheel in a controlled
manner in the .....
direction the rear of the car is sliding. When you regain traction, straighten the vehicle and proceed slowly.
If your vehicle has an anti-lock brake system (ABS), ....keep your foot on the
brake, maintain firm continuous pressure while steering normally. Do not pump the brakes. A mechanical noise and vibration or increased resistance in the brake pedal indicates ABS is working.
The average passenger car traveling at 55 miles per hour can stop in approximately...
130 to 140 feet, or about half the length of a football field.
A fully loaded tractor-trailer with hot brakes may take more than ....
400 feet to come to a complete stop, or more than the length of a football field.
Ambulances, police vehicles, fire and rescue vehicles are permitted to display a
red flashing light and drivers must obey the following rules:
• Yield the right of way to these vehicles
• Always listen for sirens on these vehicles and yield the right of way; the siren is usually heard before the emergency vehicle is in view
• Slow down, pull to the right of the road and stop until an emergency
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