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Wellness Semester Test
Terms in this set (68)
Not having sexual intercourse
Making a baby
A woman is very likely to get pregnant how many days each cycle?
How many sperm are in one ejaculation?
When do females begin puberty?
Between ages 11-13
When do males begin puberty?
Between ages 13-15
Are some lumps normal in the female breast?
Yes, because of a clogged duct
What is the rarest type of cancer in males?
Are lumps normal in the testes?
What cancers run in the family?
Breast, Testicular, and Prostate
What does it mean when a man is impotent?
A male cannot have or maintain and erection & more risk comes with age
What are two keys to handling sexual pressures?
Knowing your own boundaries & being assertive when being pressured
What are 3 things a person should do if they find out they have an STI? (In Order)
Stop having sex, go to the doctor, and tell your partner
What does HIV stand for?
Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
What does AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
What are two STI's a person can contract from a toilet seat and how to prevent contracting them?
Scabies & Crabs, cover and/or hover
What number does a person viral count have to be below to be considered to have AIDS?
How many years is a person's lifespan when they are diagnosed with AIDS?
How long does a person typically have HIV before they are diagnosed with AIDS?
Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, & Syphilis
HIV, Genital Herpes, Hepatitis B/C
Crabs & Scabies
What can sexual harassment be?
Verbal or physical
What does sexual abuse involve?
Inappropriate behavior between an adult and a child
What is rape?
a forceful or violent act of sexual penetration
Why are victims of sexual harassment in the workplace afraid to report it?
Afraid of being fired
What is the most frequent type of sexual abuse?
What is the second best option to preventing an STI?
What is conception?
When sperm meets the egg
In which part of the female anatomy does fertilization take place?
What is cut in a Vasectomy?
How long can sperm stay alive inside a females body?
What are 3 birth control options the male is completely responsible for?
Withdrawal, Male condom, Vasectomy
What are 2 hormonal birth control options and how do they work?
Pill or Depo-provera shot. Stop ovulation
What are 2 non-hormonal birth control options and how do they work?
Male condom or sponge. Blocks sperm from getting through cervix
What are 3 things that are important for a person to do if they have been a victim of rape?
Call 911 or go to hospital, Don't wash/change clothes or body, Get counseling
What are 2 examples of why people stay in abusive relationships?
Denial - victim thinks it's not abuse or it'll stop
Financial dependency - victim doesn't have job and couldn't make it on their own
What are 2 examples of emotional abuse?
Telling someone they're worthless or disgusting repeatedly
What are 2 examples of physical abuse?
Hitting, kicking, choking
Why are physical and emotional abuse equally as painful, but not equally talked about?
People believe there has to be physical evidence of the "hurting"
What are 3 ways a teenager uses a condom incorrectly?
Condom is expired, wrong size, put it on wrong
What are the 5 stages of Addiction?
1 Initial Contact
3 Integrated Use
4 Excessive Use
First-time use and reaction often depends on setting
User adjusts setting and drug to find out effect
User invests more time, energy, and thought into drug, Becomes part of their life
Sometimes may start to sell
Cannot return to any previous stage of use
What are the three C's of Addiction?
Compulsion and Obsession
Loss of Control
Continued use despite adverse Consequences
What is a drug?
Substance other than food that changes the structures of the mind or body
What is a medicine?
Drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or conditions
Medicines that Prevent Disease
Medicines that Fight Pathogens
Antiviral, Antibiotics, Antifungal
Medicines that Relieve Pain
Analgesics; Aspirin, Morphine
Medicines that Promote Health
Allergy medication, Antidepressants, Cancer Treatment
Tolerance (With drugs)
Body becomes used to the effect of the drug and user need larger does to the same effect
Withdrawal (With drugs)
Person stops using a drug in which they have become dependent on
What are some symptoms of withdrawal?
Insomnia, chills, vomiting
One medicine increases the strength of another
Effect of one medicine is canceled or reduced when taken with another
Work together in a positive way
How does a person's addiction affect those around them?
It cause their families to become distant
What do you do if someone is having a severe allergic reaction?
Call 911, check to see if they have an EPI pen and do CPR if the person stops breathing
What are some signs someone is having a severe allergic reaction?
Wheezing, red bumps or welts
What does AED stand for?
Automated External Defibrillator
What do you do when someone or yourself gets a nosebleed?
Tilt head slightly forward, pinch soft part of nose
What do you do when an adult is choking?
Get behind them, wrap your arms around them, just under the sternum, making a fist with thumbs pointed outward and give 5 thrusts upward
What do you do when a child is choking?
Turn them over your knee and give 5 back blows then abdominal thrusts (gentle but assertive)
What are the 7 steps of CPR?
Make sure the scene is safe and declare it
Tap shoulders and ask "Are you okay?"
Tell someone to get an AED and call 911
Scan chest for 5-10 seconds
Place hands on chest one hand over the other
Push in 2 inches, 120 pushes per minute
Lift chin to open airway
Cover person's mouth with your own and give 2 breaths