15 terms

Romeo & Juliet vocab - Robel

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antagonist
the force working against the protagonist—it can be another character; a group of characters; something non-human, such as nature or society; or it can even be the protagonist himself or herself
comic relief
a humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood, which also serves to heighten the seriousness of the main action by contrast
pun
a joke in the form of wordplay resulting either (a) from one word that has multiple meanings or (b) from multiple words that sound identical.
aside
a character's remark, either to the audience or to another character, that other characters on stage do not hear
Iambic pentameter
a type of poetic rhythm (or meter) that has 10 syllables per line, following the pattern of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
simile
a comparison using the word "like" or "as"
paradox
a statement that seems to contradict itself but that, on closer inspection, actually makes sense
soliloquy
a speech given by a character alone on stage that lets the audience know what the character is thinking and feeling
tragic hero
the play's protagonist, often a person of high rank or status, who experiences downfall and/or death because of an error in judgment or mistake, a character flaw, a cruel twist of fate, or some combination of these factors. This character often shows strength and courage while facing his or her destiny.
allusion
a reference, within a work, to something the audience is expected to know, such as another story, a myth, character, etc.
metaphor
a comparison that states (or implies) that one thing is a completely different thing
dramatic irony
when the audience knows more than one or more characters know
blank verse
unrhymed lines of Iambic pentameter
foil
a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another character and, therefore, highlight both characters' important traits
oxymoron
a condensed paradox (e.g., jumbo shrimp, bittersweet)
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