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Restoration Theatre: Comedy of Manners
Terms in this set (22)
When did Comedy of Manners take place?
Who restored the English Monarchy in 1660?
What/who influenced Comedy of Manners?
When Charles II was exiled to France, he discovered French Neoclassical Theatre and brought it back. He witnessed Moliere's plays which were heavily supported by King Louis XIV
Charles II brought back theatre after 18 years of the ____________ _______.
What happened to the roles of actors in Comedy of Manners?
Women were finally allowed to act onstage!! Men were then banned from playing women's parts.
Charles II had many mistresses, but who was his favorite?
Nell Gywn who was an actress.
What were Restoration plays known for and what kind of audience did they attract?
Sexual explicitness. This was to reverse Puritan sobriety. This attracted a large male audience due to it being risqué and women playing the parts.
What were the characteristics of Restoration theatre?
Sophisticated sexual behavior of highly artificial aristocrats
Honor comes from reputation, not integrity
Advantage comes from catching a lover or cuckholding a husband without getting caught
What were the goals of Comedy of Manners?
Scrutinize social pretension
Encourage to laugh at themselves and society
What are the common themes of Comedy of Manners?
Games of love
When did the second wave of "softer" Restoration Comedy develop and who did it appeal?
1690s. It appealed to the middle class and women audience members.
Who was William Wycherley?
A playwright who wrote "The Country Wives", a more risqué version of Moliere's "School for Wives"
Who was Aphra Behn?
The first professional woman playwright who wrote over 20 plays including, "The Rover" and "The Forced Marriage". She created strong female characters in her plays. She was a spy for Charles II.
Who was William Congreve?
Playwright who wrote, "The Way of the World"
Who was Margaret Hughes?
One of England's first actresses.
Who was Mary Sanderson Betterton?
Managed the successful Duke's Company with her husband Thomas. She was also an actress.
Who was Thomas Betterton?
Theatre manager with his wife, Mary. He was an actor who was said to have played every great male role.
Who was Henrietta Maria Davenant?
She managed the Dorset Garden Theatre and meter young actors and actresses. She let young actresses lodge in her house when they had no money.
Who was Samuel Pepys?
He was a member of Parliament who loved theatre and kept a diary that served as a primary source of information for that time period.
Who was Edward (Ned) Kynsaton?
One of the last Restoration actors to play women roles.
Even though men playing women was outlawed what still happened?
Boys were still secretly trained to play women incase they could play the roles again.
What was Restoration Comedy of Manners Theatre a direct result of?
The politics of England during that time.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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