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Terms in this set (70)
what is a democracy
a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
what is a theocracy
the government is based on religion
compare and contrast direct democracy with representative democracy
direct democracy-the people decide / representative democracy-elected officials
what are the inalienable rights guaranteed to all americans in the declaration of independence
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
who wrote the declaration of independence? When was it signed? Purpose?
to express dissatisfaction
what is the government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies, balance of liberty and order
What were the articles of confederation? Did this work? Why or why not?
created the league of friendship
there was an intense robbery in states all the time
what were at least 4 weaknesses of the articles of confederation
1. no power to create or collect taxes
2. no executive branch (president)
3. no regulating of commerce
4. no court system
What was the constitutional convention? What type of government is created at it?
a meeting in Philadelphia
done in secrecy
to amend the articles of confederation (fix)~ representative democracy
What is the difference between a unicameral and a bicameral congress
unicameral one house of congress
bicameral two houses of congress
Compare and contrast the articles of confederation with the US Constitution
articles of confederation~ the states right and powers
US Constitution~ federal government
What is the difference between the federalists and the anti-Federalists?
Federalists-strong central government (federal Government)
anti-federalists-weak central government (state govenment)
Why is the phrase "We the People" and the rest of the preamble to the US Constitution so important?
Popular sovernity- the people have the power
How many Articles are in the constitution? What does EACH ONE talk about/address?
1. legislative branch
2. executive branch
3. judicial branch
4. states relationships travel between state
6. supremacy clause
why was the bill of rights added to the us constitution? what group of people wanted them added to the constitution and why?
the bill of rights is to please the anti federalists
protect people and state
How can the us constitution be formally changed? How many times has it been changed?
changes 27 times
what is the system of checks and balances
regulating the power of one branch over another
what is separation of powers? How does it work?
the legislative, executive, and judicial each of the three branches can do different things
What is the census? When is it conducted and why?
Count of the population
every 10 years
to determine the representation in the house
What article creates the judicial branch? What is the main job of the judicial branch?
interest the law~ one supreme court established
what is judicial review? what supreme court care created judicial review?
Constitutional vs non constitutional
marbury vs madision
How does one become a member of the US Supreme court
appointed by President
approved by Senate
how many people are currently on the US Supreme Court? what is the head justice called?
what is the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction?
original-the power to hear a case first
appellate-the power to review decisions of the lower court
what is the difference between a majority opinion and a concurring opinion?
majority opinion~formal explanation of their decision
Concurring opinion~ support the majority but some other legal reason to mention
why are federal judges appointed for life terms
they rule honestly and don't want others to think poorly of them
what was decided in the McCulloch v. Maryland case? why is it an important case
deals with the necessary and proper clause with in article 1 section 8
establishes the implied powers
what is federalism?
the federal principle system of government national, state, local~share powers
what is the supremacy clause
the us constitution is the supreme law of the land
what does it mean for someone to have "dye process"? what two amendments guarantee people due process
your rights have to be followed
5th and 14th amendment
amendments that guarantee your rights
1st freedom of speech and religion (RAPPS)
4th Search and seizure
5th self incrimination, miranda rights
6th criminal rights
8th cruel and unusual punishments, excessive bail
13 slavery ends
what was decided in the Plessy v. Ferguson case? what is this case important?
establishes separate but equal doctrine
what was decided in the Brown v. Board of Education case? Why is this case important?
overturns separate but equal, is inherently unequal
what was decided in the Miranda v. Arizona case? why is this case important?
what was decided in the Planned Parenthood v. Casey? why is this case important?
the government cannot create
and undo burden
what was decided in the Tinker v. Des Moines case? Why is this case important?
freedom of expression
students can't do anything disruptive to the learning environment
what was decided in the Morse v. Fredrick case? Why is this case important?
school can limit speech at school event
what was decided in the Gideon v. Wainwright case? Why is this case important?
right to console in all state cases
what was decided in the New Jersey v. TLO case? why is this case important?
what is the establishment clause
no national religion
free exercise clause-neutral
what article created the legislative branch? what is the main job of the legislative branch
create or make laws
what is the difference between implied powers and expressed powers
expressed powers listed in the constitution
implied powers necessary and proper (elastic clause)
what does it mean that our federal government is bicameral?
two~house and senate
what are the requirements for a member of the house of representatives?
25 years old
citizen 7 years
reside in the state/ live in the district
what role is head of the house of representatives
speaker of the house
what are constituents
a voter or elector in the district
how long is s house members term in office
how is representation in the house determined
what are the requirements for a member of the senate
30 years old
citizen 9 years
live in the state you represent
how long is a senators term in office
how is representation in the senate determined
two per state
what role is head of the senate
How is the senate a continuous body? Why is it a continuous body?
every 2 years
1/3 is re elected and there are always members not re elected
what are the five major role of someone in congress
raise an army
regulate commerce and trade
what is the job of the committees
bills are worked on
what is a bill
a purposed law
what is a filibuster? Which house usually has them?
unlimited debate in the senate
necessary and proper clause
what is a lobbyist
influence public officials
what courts do/did the legislative branch create
all inferior to the supreme courts
what article creates the executive branch? what is the main job of the executive branch
encore the law
what are the three qualifications to be president?
native born citizen
35 years old
live in US for 14 consecutive years
what is the cabinet? how do people get their jobs if they are in the cabinet?
they advise and assist the president
anyone the president appoints, the senate confirms
what is the electoral college? How many voters are in the electoral college? Where did that number come from? How many voters are needed to win?
538 votes (435 House, 100 Senate, 3 DC, 270 to win)
what happens if there is no winner in the electoral college
house of representatives then picks the president
amendments that apply to the Executive Branch
12th presidential election
22nd presidential term
25th presidential succession
18 year olds can vote
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