14 terms

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Ecosystem
An area in which living and nonliving thing interact.
Species
All the members of a population
Consumer
A living thing that obtains energy by eating other living things.
Biotic
Any living thing in an ecosystem.
Abiotic
Any non-living thing in an ecosystem
Community
All the organisms living together in a particular ecosystem.
Decomposer
A living thing, such as fungus and bacteria, that breaks down the remains of dead organisms (worms helping breakdown the soil, mushrooms, and bacteria).
Carnivore
A consumer that eats only other animals (Examples: owls, lion, eagles)
Herbivore
A consumer that eats only plants or other producers. Examples: Deer, sheep, insects
Omnivore
A consumer that eats both plants and animals.
Population
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a specific geographical area.
Parasite
The relationship between 2 organisms in which 1 organism lives on or in the other, feed upon it and usually harms it. Examples: Tick living on a dog, lice on a humans hair, a leach on a person's skin.
Producer
An organism that makes its own food through photosynthesis. Examples: plants, flowers
Food Web
The overlapping food chains that link producers, consumers and decomposers in an ecosystem.