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117 terms

Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Pronunciation of Terms

Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Pronunciation of Terms
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adipose
full of fat
albinism
a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)
albino
person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)
alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows.
anhidrosis
abnormal condition of no sweat
apocrine sweat gland
One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor.
atopic dermatitis
marked by an intense itching and excoriation (scratching)
basal layer
deepest region of the epidermis
causalgia
burning pain
collagen
Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
cuticle
Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
dermabrasion
Scraping away of the skin.
dermatologist
skin specialist
dermatophytosis
fungal infection of the skin
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
dermis
Middle layer of skin
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
eccrine sweat gland
Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin.
electrocautery
instrument containing a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue by means of electrical current
epidermis
outermost layer of skin
epidermolysis
loosening of the epidermis
epithelium
Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
erythema
redness of the skin
erythematous
rash that begins in the cheeks and later appears on the arms, buttocks, and trunk.
hair follicle
Sac within which each hair grows
ichthyosis
Hereditary condition in which the skin resembles fish scales and is dry, rough, and scaly.
integumentary system
the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
keratin
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
keratosis
a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
leukoderma
loss of pigment in areas of the skin
leukoplakia
white plaques
lipocyte
A fat cell.
lipoma
tumor of fat
liposuction
removal of subcutaneous fat tissue by aspiration.
lunula
the half moon shaped, white area at the base of the nail
melanin
major skin pigment
malanocyte
black cell
mycosis
any abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus
onycholysis
separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
onychomycosis
abnormal condition of nail fungus
paronychia
infection around a nail
paronychium
Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.
pilosebaceous
pertaining to hair and glands that secrete sebum
pyoderma
skin disease causing pus in skin
rhytidetomy
removal of wrinkle
sebaceous glands
oil secreting glands in the epidermis associated with the hair follicles
seborrhea
excessive discharge of sebum
seborrheic dermatis
dandruff
sebum
oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands
squamous epithelium
Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.
steatoma
fatty tumor
stratified
Arranged in layers
stratum; strata
a layer of a cells
stratum cornea
Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells.
subcutaneous layer
The innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
subungual
Pertaining to below the nail
trichomycosis
A fungus condition of the hair
xanthoma
nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits
xeroderma
Dry skin
abscess
localized collection of pus
acne
Chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.
actinic keratosis
a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
alopecia areata
An idiopathic condition in which hair falls out in patches.
basal cell carcinoma
a malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis
balla; ballae
a large vesicle.
burns
Injury to tissues caused by heat contact.
callus
increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction
cellulitis
diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
cicatrix
normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
comedo; comedones
blackhead
crust
Collection of dried serum and cellular debris.
currettage
use of a sharp dermal currette to scrape away a skin lesion.
cyst
thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material.
decubitis ulcer
bedsore
dysplastic nevi
moles that do not form properly and can develop into malignant melanoma
ecchymosis; ; ecchymoses
bluish-black mark on skin (bruise)
eczema
Inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular lesions.
electrodesiccation
Tissue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark.
erosion
wearing away of the epidermis
exanthematous viral disease
Rash (exanthem) of skin due to viral infection; measles (rubeola) and chicken pox (varicella) are examples.
fissure
groove or crack-like sore
fungal test
scrapings from skin lesions hair specimens or nail clippings are sent to the lab for culture and microscopic examination
gangrene
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
impetigo
Bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.
kaposi sarcoma
malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth, characterized by cutaneous nodules.
keloid
hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision
macule
discolored (often reddened) flat lesion
malignant melanoma
cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
Mohs surgery
thin layers of a malignant growth are removed, and each is examined under a microscope
nevus; nevi
pigmented lesion of the skin.
nodule
solid, round or oval elevated lesion more than 1 cm in diameter
papule
Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin (pimples).
petechia; petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhage.
pilonidal cyst
sac of fluid and hair over sacral region
polyp
benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane
pruritis
itching
psoriasis
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
purpura
Bleeding into the skin
purulent
containing pus
pustule
small elevation of the skin containing pus
rubella
German measles
rubeola
measles
scabies
contagious, parasitic skin infection with intense pruritus
scleroderma
a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.
sebaceous cyst
Sac-like cavity filled with a collection of yellowish, cheesy sebum.
skin biopsy
Suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination.
skin test
Reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally (within the dermis) or applying it topically to the skin.
squamous cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis.
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs
tinea
infection of the skin caused by a fungus
ulcer
open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
urticaria
also hives; an acute allergic reaction in which round wheals (welts) develop on the skin, usually accompanied by intense itching
varicella
chicken pox
verruca; verrucae
epidermal growth (wart) cause by a virus.
vesicle
small collection of clear fluid; blister
vitiligo
loss of pigment; white, patchy areas
wheal
smooth, slightly elevated, edematous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.