141 terms

All Quiet on the Western Front

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Paul Baumer
Narrator and main character who enlists at 19 years old. Receives the Kemmerich's boots after Muller dies. Part of the "gang".
Muller
He is the first recipient of the boots. He dies after being shot in the stomach. Part of the "gang" with Paul.
Leer
He is the "ladies man" of the group. Part of the "gang" with Paul.
Tjaden
Bedwetter who eats a lot of food. He is left behind when the boys go to the home of the French girls. Part of the "gang" with Paul.
little albert Kropp
Thinks that wrong people are fighting in the war. In hospital with Paul and eventually has his leg amputated. Part of the "gang" with Paul. is a lance-corporal(clearest thinker)
Detering
He misses his farm and loves animals. He tries to escape back to Germany but is caught. Part of the "gang" with Paul.
Behm
Wanted to go to war the least. Died after being shot in the eye.
Ginger
Cook who didn't want to give out the food for the fallen soldiers (later convinced to do so).
Katczinsky
40-year-old leader of Paul's group. Called "Kat". Respected as the older leader of the gang.
Kantorek
Past school teacher who convinced the "Iron Youth" that they should go to war to serve their country. Created the name "Iron Youth". Used to be respected but is not hated by the kids he peer pressured into enlisting (ruined their lives). He is part of the resented older generation.
Kemmerich
Had his leg amputated. Also called "Franz". Paul and the "gang" visit him in the hospital before he died. He is the original owner of the boots. Paul lies to his mother, saying that he died quickly (which was a lie)
Himmelstoss
He is the despised corporal in charge of Paul and the "gang". With a bag on his head, he is ambushed, beaten, and whipped for his mean behavior. Haie, Paul, Kropp, and Tjaden plotted this revenge.
Haie
One of the bed-wetters who was part of the revenge plan against Himmelstoss. He died early from a back wound.
Paul's father and sister
They come to visit Paul before he goes back to the front.
Gerald Duval
A french compositor who falls into Paul's shell hole. Paul promises to write his wife.
Lewandowski
Wounded solider who was in the hospital at the same time as Paul and Kropp. His wife come to vist him in the hospital.
Paul's mother
Suffering from cancer.
Mittelstaedt
Higher ranking officer who disciplines Kantorek. He used to be a classmate of Paul.
Peter
The boy who makes it back from the Dying room while Paul was also in the hospital.
Revenge against Himmelstoss
Haie, Paul, Kropp, and Tjaden plotted their revenge upon Himmelstoss
Why wouldn't Ginger open the kitchen and serve lunch?
Out of 150 men in the
Second Company, only 80 came back from battle; Ginger assumed the rest were late but they
were in fact dead or wounded.
Where is the regiment's "gossip shop" and "common room"?
The latrine is where they gathered to talk
True or False: They are near enough to see and hear aircraft and anti-aircraft shells.
True
True or False: Kantorek the teacher was well-loved; they wished he could be with them.
False; they despised him
True or False: Kantorek urged Bäumer, Müller, Kropp and Leer to join the army.
True
What happened to Behm?
He was the first of their group to die; he was shot in the eye during an attack.
During the retreat he was left behind. He crawled around in No Man's Land calling, and was shot
down because he did not stay under cover.
True or False: the war forced Bäumer and the others to no longer trust older generations.
True
What was stolen from Kemmerich in the hospital?
His watch was stolen
True or False: Kemmerich lost an arm but doesn't realize it because he is so delirious
False: he lost his leg
At the end of the chapter, is Kemmerich improving or getting worse?
He is getting worse.
Müller wants something of Kemmerich's. What is it?
Müller wants Kemmerich's boots.
Does Bäumer feel old or young at the end of the chapter?
He says "we are old folk."
Why did the younger soldiers have it worse than the older soldiers?
They had no wife, children, or job to
return to like the older soldiers had.
Which influenced them more, 10 years in school or 10 weeks in army training?
Ten weeks army training.
How was military training different from what Paul expected?
Instead of learning about significant things
like they had in school, they were learning how to polish buttons and boots and drill. People with
no education had total authority over them. Individualism was discouraged.
What did Himmelstoss do for a living before the war?
He was a postman.
Describe two tasks Corporal Himmelstoss make them do:
Practiced drills with a full pack on a newly sloughed field until collapsing, then four hours later reported bathed with cleaned uniform. Stood at attention in a hard frost without gloves for 15 minutes.
What did they do to get back at all the abuse Himmelstoss heaped on them?
Emptied a bucket of feces and
urine over his legs by "accident." Obeyed his drill commands, but very, very slowly.
True or False: Kemmerich's death is the first time Bäumer has seen someone die.
False
How many people died in the hospital that day?
17 including Kemmerich so far; probably 20 by day's end.
What does the orderly ask Paul when they find that Franz is dead?
He wants Franz's pay book.
Does Müller get Kemmerich's boots or not?
Yes, Paul gives them to Müller after Franz dies.
Were new reinforcements older or younger than Paul and his friends?
They were younger.
What did Kat (Katczinsky) bring back?
Straw to sleep on; then two loaves of bread and a blood-stained sandbag full of horse-flesh.
What was their idea of how wars should be fought?
A war should be like a festival, with entrance tickets sold and bands playing. The political leaders (ministers) and generals of the two countries, dressed in boxers and armed with clubs, should fight each other. The winner of the fight wins the war.
What was the plan to get Himmelstoss back after the war?
To join the Postal Service after the war in
order to be Himmelstoss's boss (they would be university educated and he was not).
How did Paul and friends get even with Himmelstoss before they went to the front?
The waited for him outside his favorite pub the night before they went to the front. When he walked back to the barracks in the dark, they threw a duvet-cover over his head and beat him.
Why does Müller say "their clocks must be fast"?
The British batteries began their bombardment an hour sooner than normal that day, 9 o'clock instead of 10 o'clock
What bothers Detering, the farmer, so much?
The use of horses in war; when they are wounded they must be shot.
What happens to soldiers who breathe the gas?
They cough up their burnt lungs in clots until they die.
What did Kat propose to do to the young boy who had his hip shattered in the bombardment?
Put him out of his misery by shooting him; giving him a short, merciful death instead of a long, painful one
Describe their combat experience:
Gas shells necessitating the use of gas masks; a coffin is unearthed
by a shell explosion and becomes cover for Paul, Kat, Kropp and another man.
When Müller asks Albert Kropp what he would do if it were suddenly peace-time again, what does Albert
say?
He says he would get drunk.
What does Haie say?
Haie says he would sleep with a "good buxom dame," then he says he would stay
in the military because in peace time it would be better than digging peat for a living. After 12
years he would retire and be a village policeman ("bobby").
What does Tjaden say?
All Tjaden wants is a chance to get revenge on Himmelstoss.
What does Detering say?
Detering, the farmer, says he would "go straight on with the harvesting."
How many of the original 20 in their class at school are left? How many are dead? How many are wounded? How many are in an asylum?
Eight., Seven, Four, and One.
What happens when Himmelstoss comes to the front?
The group does not treat him with respect. Tjaden
refuses to obey a direct command to stand up. Kropp is rude. Himmelstoss has Tjaden and
Kropp court-martialled but because Paul and Kropp both tell the bed-wetting story, Tjaden and
Kropp get a light sentence (three days' open arrest and one day open arrest, respectively).
When Paul was playing skat in a dug-out and went to visit some friends in another dug-out, what had
happened when he got back?
The dugout had been bombed and everyone was dead.
Why do you think they have feelings of foreboding when they are issued extra cheese and rum?
Because they get the good rations when the generals think they might die
What happens to the new recruit during the long bombardment?
He gets claustrophobic and tries to run
out of the dugout. The others give him a beating so that he will calm down and sit quietly. He
seems to go insane and they bind him so he won't run out; another recruit has run out and was
blown up while Paul was chasing him.
Who are the enemy? The French this time.
Paul, Haie and Kropp are throwing grenades; Paul is unable to throw his grenade into the face of a Frenchman until the Frenchman moves to threaten
him; the French advance is stopped by the German artillery; Paul takes cover in a trench.
Wounded men cry and clutch at his legs as he advances over their bodies. They reach the enemy
trench, kill the machine-gunners, and drink the water used for cooling the guns. They loot
provisions (corned beef and butter), then retreat to their own trenches.]
What kind of mental state is Paul in after the attack?
Complete exhaustion; he dwells on past memories of home; he describes an absence of passionate emotions (a sure sign of depression).
What do they search for, for two days after the attack?
A wounded man who is crying out on the battlefield.
What recyclables do they search for on the battlefield at night?
They look for copper driving-bands and
silk parachutes.
How many new recruits die to every "old hand" that dies?
Between five and ten.
What does Himmelstoss do when the order comes to advance?
He will not leave the trench to advance.
What tricks do they teach the new recruits?
The sounds of different shells, how to take cover from aircraft, how to simulate a dead man, how to time hand grenades, the fuse lengths of enemy bombs and their own, the sound of gas shells.
At the end of chapter 6, how many are left in Second Company out of 150?
32
Why did Bäumer have a change of heart towards Himmelstoss?
Himmelstoss brought Haie in when he
was hit in the back, and he treated them in the canteen when they were broke
Describe the poster they were staring at.
It showed a girl in a summer dress with one hand on a railing and a straw hat in the other hand. Behind her is the blue sea, and beside her is a man dressed in a sailor's uniform.
Why do they go across the river?
To visit (sleep with) some French girls.
How does Paul react when his sister says "Mother, Mother, Paul is here"?
He cannot take another step or speak a word, and tears run down his cheeks
What did they give him to eat?
Whortleberry jam and potato pancakes.
True or False: Paul lies to his mother and tells her it's not all that bad at the front
True
How does the first military man Paul encounters at home treat him?
He expects Paul to keep training ground manners, salute, and speak to him as a superior officer.
How does Paul respond to the tram cars in the street?
The brakes shrieking sound just like a shell about to explode.
What do the men at the table in the beer-garden (outdoor café) argue about?
Which country Germany ought to annex next. Which country Germany ought to annex next.
How do they respond to Paul's opinion that there will be no easy victory?
They say "you can't judge, you
only know what is going on in your little sector."
What has Mittelstaedt done to Kantorek?
He treats Kantorek exactly as Kantorek used to treat them in school, using the same demeaning expressions, holding up the janitor as an example of how he can do better, and terrorizing him in the same ways he terrorized them in school.
Who does Paul also go to see when he is home?
He goes to visit Kemmerich's mother.
How did Bäumer feel about his home leave after it was over? Copy his exact words:
"I ought never to have
come on leave."
Next to the training camp Paul is in is a Russian prisoners of war camp. What do the Russian POW's do with their time?
They pick over the garbage cans, beg for something to eat, and trade whatever they
possess or make for food.
What do the Russian POWs eat?
Food from the garbage, the dregs of the soldiers' poor food, turnip peelings, mouldy bread crusts
True or False: Paul is frightened of his sympathy for the Russian POW's because it destroys his training to think of the enemy as inhuman.
True.
What instrument does Paul play?
The piano
What does Paul talk to his father about when his father and sister visit the training camp?
They discuss his mother's cancer; His father is afraid they cannot afford the surgery but fears that if he asks the price, the surgeon will think he cannot pay and refuse to do the surgery.
True or False: Paul gives all the potato cakes his mother made to the Russian POWs.
No, he gives them only two.
Why did they get new uniforms?
They get new uniforms because the Kaiser is coming to inspect the
troops.
Describe their discussion on why wars start:
First they lament that they weren't offended by the French, and have no business in war; then Kat says that war must be useful to some people: he says "every full-grown emperor requires at least one war, otherwise he would not become famous."
True or False: Kat had never seen a Frenchman before he came to the front.
True
What happens to the new uniforms after the Kaiser leaves?
They have to return them
As they go up to the front lines again, what is hanging in the branches?
Dead bodies
How is Paul affected on his first patrol after Home Leave?
He is afraid; thinks he's going to faint.
What horrifying experience does Paul have in the shell hole after he gets lost on the front?
He gets lost and does not know which way is German and which way is French. He jumps into a shell hole for protection. A Frenchman jumps in and Paul stabs him. The man dies slowly next to Paul.
What are Paul's two motivations for helping the Frenchman?
One is simple human compassion; the other is that if he is captured by the French they will see that he tried to help the man.
Does Paul look to see what the dead Frenchman's name is, or not?
Yes, it is Gérard Duval; he is a printer
Does Paul tell anyone about killing the printer?
Yes, he tells Kat and Albert.
What possessions do Paul and Kropp take with them when they have to leave the supply dump?
A fourposter bed with silk canopy, mattress, and two lace coverlets, ham sausage, liver sausage, jam, cigarettes, two big red armchairs, cigars, and a cat in a parrot cage.
What does Paul do to make sure he gets put off the train with Albert?
Puts a match to the thermometer to
make it seem like he has a fever.
What kind of hospital did they end up in? Were they happy about it or not?
A Catholic one and yes.
Why do they ask the nurses to shut their door?
The sisters (nuns) pray every morning in the corridor and it wakes them up and makes them angry.
What kind of surgery does Josef warn the newly wounded soldiers about?
Josef warns them about surgery to correct flat feet; he says it leaves the patient with club feet instead every time.
How are most wounds treated at the hospital?
They are treated by amputation.
True or False: they men guard the door, hold Lewandowski's baby, and play cards loudly so that Lewandowski can have "private time" with his wife without the nurses' knowledge.
True
True or False: At the end of the chapter, Paul gets home leave again because he is injured again.
True.
Why does Kat say you shouldn't eat before going into battle?
Because abdominal wounds are more
dangerous on a full stomach than on an empty one.
What sent Detering, the farmer, over the edge and forced him to go AWOL?
He saw a cherry tree in full
bloom, which reminded him of home.
True or False: Müller dies and Paul inherits Kemmerich's boots.
True
How does Kat die?
He is wounded while bringing up food.
How does Paul try to save him?
Paul helps him back to the dressing-station, and along the way Kat is hit in the back of the head with a splinter (shrapnel) and is dead when they arrive.
Why does Paul have fourteen days rest?
He has swallowed some chemical weapons (gas).
What does Paul say might have been different if they'd returned home in 1916?
He says "...out of the
suffering and the strength of our experience we might have unleashed a storm. Now if we go back
we will be weary, broken, burnt out, rootless, and without hope. We will not be ale to find our
way any more."
In the last two paragraphs AFTER chapter 12 (turn the page), what happens?
Paul dies.
why did they have so much food at the begining of the book and who are the two people that got extra? why?
because the quartermaster provided food for 150 people not knowing that only eighty would survive. and the two people that got extra in wash bins was Tjaden because he eats alot and muller because of foresight.
who do they fight for?
the Germans (prussians?)
katczinsky beileves that it would not be a bad war if they got more what?
sleep
the poor ans simple thought that the war was what?
a misfortune
who was kanttorek
"the terror of klosterberg" he was the schoolmaster and pressured the kids into joining
the author compared kantorek to who?
people who were convinced that they were acting for the best- and it did not cost them a thing
how did the paul feel after the first bombardment about the people who put them in the war?
he felt that his trust in them, the older generation, the leaders who were supposed to be wise, shattered. They do not know what true war is like. the soldiers are the ones who saw the wounded and dying
what did paul say when kropp saw red in chapter 1?
out there everyone gets like that
how do they feel about their old life?
it is cut off from them and seems really distant
what does paul compare the soldiers training to in the second chapter?
the were being trained for "heroism as if they were circus-ponies.and a reninciation of personlaity. some was for show while others were necesary
what attributes did they gain that they did not have before?
tough, vicious, pitiless, hard, and suspicious.
what is esprit de corps?
comradeship- which is the best thing that came out of the war
how does kropp think war should be acted out?
with the people who declared the war, fighting it out
what is the army based on?
one person must have power over the other
their animal instinct does what for them?
it saves them and helps avoid danger. they become "human-animals" once they reach the front
in the grave yard where does paul hide?
in a coffin
what do they beilieve in, instead of progress and striving for more?
they believe in war
what are the condition of the trenches?
they are bad, there are a lot of "corpse rats" .
is it ever quiet at the front?
no
what does memories do for paul?
they bring melancholy
will the soldiers be same when they return?
no, their old life is beyond them now
in chapter six what does paul say in relation to the soldiers and their old life?
"we are lost"
what is a shell-hole
a hole made by an artillery
what helped paul overcome his loneliness and fear of death
his comrades
what does paul learn after the first time he killed a man in hand to had combat?
that they are all the same; his enemies and him are no different
what was the name of the first person paul killed in hand to hand combat?
gerard duval(compositor-printer)
in the catholic hospital where do they put people who will die?
the dying room