FTCE Competency 3: Chemistry- Knowledge of Chemical Processes of Living Things
(3.1) Identify the structures, functions, and importance of inorganic and organic compounds (e.g. water, mineral salts, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids) in cells.
(3.2) Compare and apply the laws of thermodynamics to living systems, including the role of enzymes in biological reactions.
(3.3) Predict the effects of changes in pH, temperature, substrate concentration, and enzyme concentration on enzyme activity.
(3.4) Identify substrates, products, and relationships between glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and electron transport, including the respiration of carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids.
(3.5) Compare end products and energy yields of alcoholic fermentation, lactic acid fermentation, and aerobic respiration.
(3.6) Identify the raw materials and products of C-3 photosynthesis, including the Calvin cycle, light dependent and light independent reactions, and factors that affect their rate.
(3.7) Identify the key differences between C-3, C-4, and CAM photosynthesis and the ecological significance of these pathways.
(3.8) Identify and analyze the process of chemiosmosis in photosynthesis and respiration.
(3.9) Compare heterotrophy and autotrophy and the roles of these processes in their environment.
(3.10) Define antigen and antibody and recognize antigen-antibody reaction.
(3.11) Compare active and passive immunity, identifying the positive and negative effects on vaccines and inoculations.
(3.12) Evaluate the roles of cell recognition (e.g. cell-to-cell signaling, autoimmune diseases, tissue rejection, cancer, pollen/stigma-style interaction) in normal and abnormal cell activity.
(3.13) Identify the effect of environmental factors on the biochemistry of living things (e.g. UV light effects on melanin and vitamin D production).
(3.14) Identify the roles of ATP and ADP in cellular processes.
(3.15) Compare chemosynthetic and photosynthetic processes and the roles of organisms using these processes in the ecosystem.
(3.16) Identify cell-to-cell communication in living things (e.g., electrical, molecular, ionic).