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26 terms

Med/Surg. Ch. 23 - Nursing Care of Patients with Valvular, Inflammatory, and Infectious Cardiac or Venous Disorders

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annuloplasty
repair of a cardiac valve
beta-hemolytic streptococci
gram-positive bacteria that, when grown on blood-agar plates, completely hemolyze the blood and produce a clear zone around the bacteria colony. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci cause disease in humans.
cardiac tamponade
mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion
cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy
a group of diseases that affect the myocardium's (heart muscle's) structure or function
chorea
a nervous condition marked by involuntary muscular twitching of the limbs or facial muscles
commissurotomy
surgical incision of any commissure as in cardiac valves to increase the size of the orifice
dressler's syndrome
postmyocardial infarction syndrome; pericarditis.
emboli
A blood clot, air bubble, piece of fatty deposit, or other object that has been carried in the bloodstream or lymphatic vessel
infective endocarditis
inflammation of the inner layer of heart tissue as a result of an infectious microorganism
insufficiency
condition of being inadequate for a given purpose, such as heart valves that do not close properly
internationalized normalized ratio
used to monitor coumadin levels
murmur
an abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the heart and adjacent large blood vessels
myocarditis
inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)
pericardial effusion
an accumulation of excess fluid in the pericardial sac.
pericardial friction rub
friction sound heard over the 4th left intercostal space near the sternum; a classic sign of pericarditis
pericardiectomy
excision of all or part of the pericardium
pericardiocentesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the pericardium
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
petechiae
Small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin
regurgitation
backflow of blood through a defective heart valve
rheumatic fever
a hypersensitivity reaction to antigens of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci
stenosis
constriction or narrowing of a passage or orifice, such as a cardiac valve
thrombophlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation
valvotomy
cutting into or incision of a valve
valvuloplasty
plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardiac valve