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repair of a cardiac valve

beta-hemolytic streptococci

gram-positive bacteria that, when grown on blood-agar plates, completely hemolyze the blood and produce a clear zone around the bacteria colony. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci cause disease in humans.

cardiac tamponade

mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion


Enlargement of the heart


a group of diseases that affect the myocardium's (heart muscle's) structure or function


a nervous condition marked by involuntary muscular twitching of the limbs or facial muscles


surgical incision of any commissure as in cardiac valves to increase the size of the orifice

dressler's syndrome

postmyocardial infarction syndrome; pericarditis.


A blood clot, air bubble, piece of fatty deposit, or other object that has been carried in the bloodstream or lymphatic vessel

infective endocarditis

inflammation of the inner layer of heart tissue as a result of an infectious microorganism


condition of being inadequate for a given purpose, such as heart valves that do not close properly

internationalized normalized ratio

used to monitor coumadin levels


an abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the heart and adjacent large blood vessels


inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)

pericardial effusion

an accumulation of excess fluid in the pericardial sac.

pericardial friction rub

friction sound heard over the 4th left intercostal space near the sternum; a classic sign of pericarditis


excision of all or part of the pericardium


surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the pericardium


inflammation of the pericardium


Small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin


backflow of blood through a defective heart valve

rheumatic fever

a hypersensitivity reaction to antigens of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci


constriction or narrowing of a passage or orifice, such as a cardiac valve


inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation


cutting into or incision of a valve


plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardiac valve

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