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51 terms

English Baroque

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herms
a rectangular post, usually of stone and tapering downward, surmounted by a bust of Hermes or other divinity or by human head.
Tower
a structure or building characterized by it's relatively great hight, as compared with its horizontal dimensions.
Steeple
a tall ornamental structure, a tower, composed of a series of stories diminishing in size, and topped by a small pyramid, spire, or cupola.
Spire
any slender pointed construction surmounting a building, generally a narrow octagonal pyramid, set above a square tower.
Medallion windows
something resembling a large medal; especially : a tablet or panel in a wall or window bearing a figure in relief, a portrait, or an ornament
Marquetry
inlayed pieces of material, such as wood or ivory, fitted together and glued to a common back ground.
Sea weed Marquetry
A kind of very delicate marquetry suggesting fine seaweed, which was popular in the Queen Anne period, and was probably inspired by the French Boulle work.
Serpentine
A waving or serpentine curve sometimes given to the fronts of cabinets, commodes, the top rail of chairs, etc. Usually the centre curve is prominent or convex. When the two side curves are convex and the centre is receding or concave, it is called a reverse serpentine. These forms were often used soon after the commencement of the Mahogany period, and remained popular throughout the eighteenth century.
Settee
A long seat with carved or upholstered back and arms, and upholstered seat or squabs to hold two or more persons. It is, in fact, an extended chair, and in many cases is of the same contour and decoration as the chairs with which it forms a suite, in such cases called a two-, three- or four-chair-back settee as the case may be. A chair-back settee made in the period was always provided with a front leg ranging with the division between each chair back in addition to the two end ones; thus, a three-chair-back settee would have four front legs. It appeared in England in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and in the Queen Anne period it may be said to have almost superseded the settle which was its prototype.
splat
The central. upright wood panel of a chair back, serving as a back rest
Oystering
A decorative form of veneering using slices of wood cut in vertical cross-section from the branches of small trees, such as laburnum and walnut, to create a pattern of repetitive whorls on furniture. The technique originated in Holland. It was popular in Britain for drawer fronts, and for cabinet and bureau doors from the late 17th to early 18th centuries
S & C Scrolls
An S or C curved design A spiraling and convoluting line, like a rolled piece of paper, makes the scroll
Caneing
The stems of certain palms, grasses, or plants like bamboo and rattan, plaited or woven into a mesh which is yielding, and therefore comfortable to sit or lean back against. Cane was used as a decorative and elegant seating and chair-back material in the Louis XIII, XIV and XVI periods in France, and in the 17th and 18th centuries in Holland, England and America.
ball foot
turned round foot, similar to a bun foot, but rounder.
bun foot
A squat version of a ball foot, flattened slightly on top and more at the bottom.
Onion foot
An onion-shaped turned foot of the Early Renaissance not very much used after the William and Mary Period
Whorl foot / scrolled toe / scroll foot
A reverse scroll foot. An up-curved, carved foot done in scroll motif, terminating a cabriole leg. A flattened scroll at the end of a cabriole leg originated in the Louis XIV (Baroque) period
cabriole leg
Modeled after an animal's leg, the S-shaped cabriole leg gives furniture a more intimate, human quality than the massive turned legs of the William and Mary style. The cabriole leg is also extremely practical; the balance it achieves makes it possible to support heavy pieces of case furniture on slim legs, without the use of stretchers.
Barley Sugar twist
spiral turning found on furniture
spoon back
A curved chair back designed to fit the sitter's form. Common on Queen Anne chairs.
trumpet leg
a turned leg that flares upward and outward from a narrow lower end.
japanning
a finishing process imitating Japanese lacquer work in which furniture is enameled with colored shellac and often gilded
EB. Sheldonian Theater- Wren.
EB- Centralized church Plans - Wren
EB- ST. Stephens Walbrook- Wren
EB- ST. Stephens Walbrook interior- Wren
EB. Hampton Court- South Wing.- Wren
EB. EB. Hampton Court.- Wren
EB. St. Paul's west facade- Wren
EB. Easton Neston enterance facade - Hawksmoor
EB. Easton Neston Plan - Hawksmoor
EB. Castle Howard- Vanbrugh & Hawksmoor
EB.Temple of the four winds- Vanbrugh
EB Castle Howard, The Great Hall - Vanbrugh & Hawksmoor
EB. Blenheim Palace North Facade- Vanbrugh
EB. Blenheim Palace west front- Vanbrugh
EB. Blenheim Palace Dinning Hall - Vanbrugh
E.B Blenheim Palace Great Hall - Vanbrugh
.B Blenheim Palace Long Library - Vanbrugh
Grinling Gibbons wood carver
EB. Bed Chamber @ Powis Castle
Charles II Walnut chair
Charles II Sleeping Chair from the Ham House
Walnut and cane Settee
William & Mary Chair
William & Mary Upholstered sette
William & Mary Oyster olivewood and walnut cabinet on stand.
William & Mary Walnut table w Oyster Veneer and Marquetry.
William & Mary Marquetry Center Table
William and Mary Cabinet on Stand
William and Mary chest of Draws.