Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


a rectangular post, usually of stone and tapering downward, surmounted by a bust of Hermes or other divinity or by human head.


a structure or building characterized by it's relatively great hight, as compared with its horizontal dimensions.


a tall ornamental structure, a tower, composed of a series of stories diminishing in size, and topped by a small pyramid, spire, or cupola.


any slender pointed construction surmounting a building, generally a narrow octagonal pyramid, set above a square tower.

Medallion windows

something resembling a large medal; especially : a tablet or panel in a wall or window bearing a figure in relief, a portrait, or an ornament


inlayed pieces of material, such as wood or ivory, fitted together and glued to a common back ground.

Sea weed Marquetry

A kind of very delicate marquetry suggesting fine seaweed, which was popular in the Queen Anne period, and was probably inspired by the French Boulle work.


A waving or serpentine curve sometimes given to the fronts of cabinets, commodes, the top rail of chairs, etc. Usually the centre curve is prominent or convex. When the two side curves are convex and the centre is receding or concave, it is called a reverse serpentine. These forms were often used soon after the commencement of the Mahogany period, and remained popular throughout the eighteenth century.


A long seat with carved or upholstered back and arms, and upholstered seat or squabs to hold two or more persons. It is, in fact, an extended chair, and in many cases is of the same contour and decoration as the chairs with which it forms a suite, in such cases called a two-, three- or four-chair-back settee as the case may be. A chair-back settee made in the period was always provided with a front leg ranging with the division between each chair back in addition to the two end ones; thus, a three-chair-back settee would have four front legs. It appeared in England in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and in the Queen Anne period it may be said to have almost superseded the settle which was its prototype.


The central. upright wood panel of a chair back, serving as a back rest


A decorative form of veneering using slices of wood cut in vertical cross-section from the branches of small trees, such as laburnum and walnut, to create a pattern of repetitive whorls on furniture. The technique originated in Holland. It was popular in Britain for drawer fronts, and for cabinet and bureau doors from the late 17th to early 18th centuries

S & C Scrolls

An S or C curved design A spiraling and convoluting line, like a rolled piece of paper, makes the scroll


The stems of certain palms, grasses, or plants like bamboo and rattan, plaited or woven into a mesh which is yielding, and therefore comfortable to sit or lean back against. Cane was used as a decorative and elegant seating and chair-back material in the Louis XIII, XIV and XVI periods in France, and in the 17th and 18th centuries in Holland, England and America.

ball foot

turned round foot, similar to a bun foot, but rounder.

bun foot

A squat version of a ball foot, flattened slightly on top and more at the bottom.

Onion foot

An onion-shaped turned foot of the Early Renaissance not very much used after the William and Mary Period

Whorl foot / scrolled toe / scroll foot

A reverse scroll foot. An up-curved, carved foot done in scroll motif, terminating a cabriole leg. A flattened scroll at the end of a cabriole leg originated in the Louis XIV (Baroque) period

cabriole leg

Modeled after an animal's leg, the S-shaped cabriole leg gives furniture a more intimate, human quality than the massive turned legs of the William and Mary style. The cabriole leg is also extremely practical; the balance it achieves makes it possible to support heavy pieces of case furniture on slim legs, without the use of stretchers.

Barley Sugar twist

spiral turning found on furniture

spoon back

A curved chair back designed to fit the sitter's form. Common on Queen Anne chairs.

trumpet leg

a turned leg that flares upward and outward from a narrow lower end.


a finishing process imitating Japanese lacquer work in which furniture is enameled with colored shellac and often gilded

EB. Sheldonian Theater- Wren.

EB- Centralized church Plans - Wren

EB- ST. Stephens Walbrook- Wren

EB- ST. Stephens Walbrook interior- Wren

EB. Hampton Court- South Wing.- Wren

EB. EB. Hampton Court.- Wren

EB. St. Paul's west facade- Wren

EB. Easton Neston enterance facade - Hawksmoor

EB. Easton Neston Plan - Hawksmoor

EB. Castle Howard- Vanbrugh & Hawksmoor

EB.Temple of the four winds- Vanbrugh

EB Castle Howard, The Great Hall - Vanbrugh & Hawksmoor

EB. Blenheim Palace North Facade- Vanbrugh

EB. Blenheim Palace west front- Vanbrugh

EB. Blenheim Palace Dinning Hall - Vanbrugh

E.B Blenheim Palace Great Hall - Vanbrugh

.B Blenheim Palace Long Library - Vanbrugh

Grinling Gibbons wood carver

EB. Bed Chamber @ Powis Castle

Charles II Walnut chair

Charles II Sleeping Chair from the Ham House

Walnut and cane Settee

William & Mary Chair

William & Mary Upholstered sette

William & Mary Oyster olivewood and walnut cabinet on stand.

William & Mary Walnut table w Oyster Veneer and Marquetry.

William & Mary Marquetry Center Table

William and Mary Cabinet on Stand

William and Mary chest of Draws.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording