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2nd Semester Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (57)
The legislative branch is called:
What is the main function of the Legislative Branch?
To make laws
The number of Senators each State shall have is:
The Executive Branch of government's main role is to:
The number of representatives a state gets depends on:
the number of people it has (population)
The main role of the Judicial Branch is:
Who can declare laws unconstitutional?
Which branch of government has the power to sign bills into law?
The Articles of Confederation represented?
The first attempt at self-government in the United States
Why did the framers of the Constitution create three separate branches of government?
to keep any one group from gaining too much power
Congress is divided into...
The House of Representatives and the Senate
A bill becomes a law even if it is vetoed by...
2/3 of Congress approving it
The qualifications to become the President of the United States are:
35 years old, a natural-born citizen, and a citizen of a state for 14 years
If Carol and Mary are very upset about a law that has been passed by their state and have begun gathering outside of the state capital to show their discontent, they have the right to do this peacefully because they are protected by the .....
The state of California was declared a natural disaster in 1992 due to an earthquake. The President cannot pronounce the few homes left untouched to be military shelters because of the....
Even though we are not currently at war, the U.S has the right to train our armed forces in reserve duty because of the....
Jennifer and Dorothy were pulled over for a broken taillight on their vehicle. The police suspect they were hiding alcohol in their trunk due to their behavior. The officer can search the car without a warrant because of the...
Bobby doesn't have to admit in court that he sold drugs to some kids at his school. That would be self-incrimination. Bobby is innocent until proven guilty because of the ...
John stole a television. He is worried that when he is caught he will get life in prison. He shouldn't be worried though, because that would "cruel and unusual punishment." He is protected by the....
Emily has been called as a witness to prove that her friend Mark was at the movies with her the night a murder happened near his home. Mark can call Emily as a witness. He is also guaranteed an impartial jury, and a lawyer at his trial because...
The amendment which abolished slavery was the ...
After the purchase, the Louisiana territory doubled the size of its new country, ___________?
The United States
America's Industrial Revolution began to take root in
The revolution that changed the way people worked was the
What act did Congress pass in order to relocate Native Americans?
Indian Removal Act
What philosophy meant that the United States was set apart to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific?
The world's supply of gold was more than doubled by
The California Gold Rush
The law that required all citizens to help catch runaway enslaved people was the
Fugitive Slave Act.
Rival pro slavery and antislavery governments existed in
A war between citizens of the same country is called
A civil war
What Supreme Court decision meant that the Constitution protected slavery?
The Dred Scott case
The first state to vote to secede from was
The first president of the Confederate States of America was
Southerners justified secession with the theory of
What event marked the beginning of the Civil War
Fort Sumter shelling
The admission of Missouri as a slave state was controversial in the Senate because
It would upset the balance
Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act led to
More anger in the North
What plan specified that slavery should be prohibited in any lands that might be acquired from Mexico?
What book by Harriet Beecher Stowe showed slavery as brutal, cruel system?
Uncle Tom's Cabin
What was the first territory to shed blood in a civil war over slavery?
For the South the primary aim of the war was to win recognition
As an independent nation.
What was one of the main advantages of the South?
The strong support of its white population
Most soldiers, both Confederate and Union, came from
The first major battle of the Civil War was at
First Battle of Bull Run
The single bloodiest day of the entire Civil War took place at
From the start of the war, the North's main goal was to
Preserve the Union.
What law did Abraham Lincoln formally sign on January 1, 1863, which freed enslaved African Americans in the Confederacy?
By the end of the war, African American volunteers made up nearly what percentage of the Union army?
By becoming Union soldiers, African Americans took an important step toward
The law that required certain ages to serve in the army for three years was the
President Abraham Lincoln's address at what battlefield helped war-weary Americans focus on their shared ideals?
A nine-month siege resulted from Ulysses S. Grant's assault on the railroad center of
What helped Lincoln win the 1864 election?
Capture of Atlanta
Sherman's march to the Savannah was called
General Robert E. Lee's surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant in a small Virginia village called
Appomattox Court House
What Confederate capital was only about 100 miles from Washington, D.C.?
What guarantees accused individuals to a hearing before being jailed?
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