Scripture and Its Interpretation ch 7: From There to Here

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Terms in this set (26)
evangelistFrom the Greek word for "good news," euangelion; (1) a Christian preacher or missionary; (2) a writer of a canonical Gospel (i.e., those according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, John).formal-equivalence translationA translation that emphasizes close agreement between the translation and the form and wording of the original text; in contrast to dynamic-equivalence translation.GreekThe lingua franca (common tongue) of the Mediterranean basin following the conquests of Alexander the Great, and hence the language of both the LXX and the NT.HebrewThe primary language of the Tanak, or Old Testament.lectionaryA collection of passages from all parts of the Bible, organized around a liturgical calendar for use in public liturgy/worship.Masoretic Text (MT)The standard edition of the Hebrew text of Israel's Scriptures (Tanak) that is used today, the result of the work of rabbinic scholars (the "Masoretes") in the sixth to ninth centuries CE.papyrusA marshland plant found in Egypt, Galilee, and other wetlands that could be cut into strips, woven, and dried to form a writing surface; papyrus sheets could be glued or sewn together to form a scroll or codex.parchmentWriting material prepared from animal skins, which could be used to provide more durable manuscripts than those made from papyrus; parchment sheets were attached to form a scroll or codex.Renaissance"Rebirth"; a period that began in fourteenth-century Italy and spread to northwestern Europe, consisting of a humanistic revival of interest in classical (ancient Greek and Roman) art and literature.sagaA short, easily memorized folk story, common in Genesis, that was handed down from generation to generation as oral tradition.scrollA roll of papyrus sheets glued together, or of parchment sewn together, to form a roll containing written texts.Septuagint (LXX)Traditional name for the most influential Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures, which probably began at Alexandria in Egypt in the third century BCE and was used by both Jews and memoryThe shared knowledge and memories of a social group.textual criticismThe scholarly discipline that seeks to reconstruct the earliest form(s) of a text and to trace the history of its transmission.versionA translation of the Bible.VulgateThe Latin translation of the Bible prepared in the late fourth and early fifth centuries, most of which was the work of Jerome of Bethlehem (d. 420 CE), and which became the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church.