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Vietnam Study Guide
Terms in this set (45)
What year did Vietnam declare its independence?
Who was the leader of the communists in Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
What were the Vietnamese communist rebels called who battled the French from 1945-1954?
Which president began paying millions to the French for the war costs in Vietnam?
As the French were battling the communist Vietminh, where were US troops fighting communists, beginning in 1950?
Which president believed in the Domino Theory?
What is the Domino Theory?
The theory that if Vietnam fell to communism, Laos, Cambodia, and Thailand would fall too.
Which president after Truman continued paying millions of dollars to the French for the war costs in Vietnam?
What battle had the French surrounded and defeated in 1954?
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
List the five parts of the Geneva Accords peace agreement?
1. Fighting stops.
2. Vietnam is divided at the 17th parallel for two years.
3. Ho chi Minh controls N.V.
4. Diem takes control of S.V.
5. In 1956, there will be a nationwide election.
Describe Ngo Dinh Diem:
He was ruthless and corrupt. He declared himself president of S.V. in 1955.
Who was the leader of North Vietnam? When did he die?
Ho Chi Minh; 1969
Describe the Viet Cong:
They began a rebellion in Soviet Union in 1955 against Diem; supported by North Vietnam.
Which president tried to prop up South Vietnam and Diem?
What was the job of the military advisers JFK sent to South Vietnam in 1962?
To help train the ARVN
List three reasons why Diem was not an effective leader of South Vietnam?
1. He was corrupt.
2. He began jailing political opponents.
3. He gave land to the rich and drafted young men into his army.
What was the fate of Diem in 1963?
He was assassinated
Which president was assassinated in November of 1963?
Who became president in in 1964?
Why did President Johnson order U.S ships to secretly attack North Vietnamese radar stations in the Gulf of Tonkin in 1964?
To disrupt the Ho Chi Minh trail.
What was the reaction of the North Vietnamese to these attacks in the Gulf of Tonkin?
They fired upon U.S. ships.
After U.S. ships were fired upon by the North Vietnamese, what did President Johnson order the military to do?
He ordered U.S. planes to carry out strikes on N.V. naval stations.
Describe the Gulf of Tonkin resolution.
LBJ was given full authority to expand U.S. military operations in Vietnam.
What was the main job of the 3,500 marines sent by Johnson in 1965 to South Vietnam?
To guard U.S. bases from Vietcong attacks in South Vietnam.
What did President Johnson announce to the American people In may, 1965?
The start of an offensive war.
Describe the "search and destroy" missions carried out by U.S. troops in South Vietnam.
The U.S. military will need a large number of men and a draft begins.
List four reasons why US troops faced difficult conditions in South Vietnam.
1. Hot, jungle conditions
2 Poisonous snake and insects
3. Mines and booby traps
4. Difficult topography of mountains, rice paddies and rivers
List three reasons why the US strategy under president Johnson wasn't working from 1965 to 1968.
1. The NV were replacing more men than the US was killing.
2. Over 200,000 NV men came of draft age each year.
3. LBJ fears a war with China and the SU could be triggered.
List three reasons why the Viet Cong maintained support throughout South Vietnam.
1. Villages were often destroyed by US airstrikes.
2. VC kidnapped or assassinated local leaders.
3. VC killed SV workers.
Describe the Tet offensive of 1968.
Was a massive surprise attack by the VC and NVA during the Tet holiday season.
Explain the "credibility gap" emerging in the US Tet offensive.
Refers to the growing gap between what the US government was telling the American people and what the media was reporting.
What was the view of the war in Vietnam held by journalist Walter Cronkite?
He told the American public that the US was in a stalemate.
List the two main reasons antiwar protesters were against the war in Vietnam.
They saw the war as (1) wrong and (2) unwinnable.
What is the 26th amendment?
It lowered the voting from 21 to 18.
Who resigned from the secretary of defense in 1968?
What did President Johnson announce to the American people in 1968 after the Tet offensive?
He would not win a reelection campaign.
List three reasons why 1968 was a wild year in American history.
1. LBJ decided he will not run for reelection.
2. MLK was assassinated.
3. Bobby Kennedy was assassinated in California.
Who was elected president in 1968 and what was his campaign slogan.
Richard Nixon; Nixon's the one
What was the "carrot" that Nixon extended the NV in order to get peace talks going to Paris?
It proposed to end the bombing of North Vietnam.
Why was "Vietnamization" not working in South Vietnam?
Only 175,000 US combat troops were South Vietnam by the end of 1971.
Describe the war powers act.
This law placed strict limits on a president's power to use the military in combat without the approval of congress.
List the five parts of the 1973 Paris Peace Accords.
1. Cease fire
2. Keep the dividing line among the 17th parallel.
3. The withdrawal of all US combat troops.
4. To release all POW'S.
5. US promises to support SV with air support.
Describe the costs of the war in Vietnam on the people of America.
US deaths: 58,000
Over 300,000 wounded
760 POW's taken during war
110 died in captivity
When did the NVA invade South Vietnam?
What promise did America break to South Vietnam when the NVA invaded in 1975?
The US did not use its air force.
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