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24 terms

health

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medicines
drugs that are used to treat or prevent disease or other conditions
over the counter drug
Medicine available without a written order from a doctor
illegal drug
A chemical substance that people of any age cannot lawfully manufacture, possess, buy or sell.
prescription drug
a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
drug misuse
The taking of drugs for its medical purpose, but not in the appropriate amount, frequency, strength, or manner.
drug abuse
excessive use of drugs
psychoactive drug
a drug that can produce mood changes and distorted perceptions
side effect
a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy
drug antagonism
occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other
drug synergism
occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
protective factor
anything that keeps a person from engaging in harmful behavior
depressant
a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
barbiturates
drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment
opiate
a narcotic drug that contains opium or an opium derivative
heroin
a narcotic that is considered a hard drug
stimulant
a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process
amphetamines
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes
methamphetamine
amphetamine used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride
cocaine
a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves
hallucinogen
a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences
marijuana
a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared
club drugs
ecstasy, GHB, and Rohypnol are examples of club drugs, These drugs are all used at "rave" parties and are sometimes associated with date rape
inhalant
a medication to be taken by inhaling it
therapeutic community
a residential treatment center where former drug abusers live together and learn to adjust to drug-free lives