10 terms

APUSH muckrakers

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jacob riis
pioneered flash photography; helped with implementation of "model tenements"
became police reporter for New York Tribune who reported on conditions of urban slums in New York City
Wrote How the Other Half Lives and Children Of the Poor - both of which chronicled life in the New York City slums and the plight of children living in those areas
john muir
founded the Sierra Club (conservation organization)
activism helped to save the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas; referred to as the "Father of the National Parks"
noted for being an ecological thinker, political spokesman, and religious prophet, whose writings became a personal guide into nature for countless individuals
Congress passed a bill that followed recommendations Muir suggested in two Century articles, The Treasure of the Yosemite and Features of the Proposed National Park, both published in 1890
thomas nast
Father of American political cartoons; notable works were creation of modern version of Santa Claus, Uncle Sam, as well as party symbols: Republican elephant and Democratic donkey
Drew cartoons for Harper's Weekly (1859-1886)
drawings were instrumental in the downfall of Boss Tweed, the powerful Tammany Hall leader
President T. Roosevelt appointed him U.S. Consul General to Guayaquil, Ecuador in South America (1902)
emma goldman
anarchist; played key role in developing an anarchist political philosophy
planned to assassinate Henry Clay Frick (chairman of Carnegie steel)
founded anarchist journal Mother Earth in 1906
implicated in plot to assassinate President McKinley with Leon Czolgosz
supported Margaret Sanger and birth control movement
opposed conscription (the draft) during World War I
W.E.B dubois
first African American to earn doctorate at Harvard; professor of economics and history- Atlanta University
head of NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
founder and editor of NAACP's journal The Crisis
rose to national attention in opposition to Booker T. Washington's ideas of accommodation with Jim Crow separation between whites and blacks and disfranchisement of blacks in the South, campaigning instead for increased political representation for blacks in order to guarantee civil rights, and the formation of a Black elite who would work for the progress of the African-American race
labeled "The Father of Pan-Africanism"
helped organize the "Negro exhibition" at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris which focused on African Americans' positive contributions to American society
jane adams
First woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize; lectured at various colleges in U.S.
founder of Hull House in Chicago; settlement house movement
charter member of the American Sociological Society
outspoken pacifist during World War I; active member of the Women's Peace Party
wrote The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets stated that recreation programs for children were needed because cities were destroying the "spirit of the youth"
booker t. washington
leader of the Tuskegee Institute (Alabama); gained national prominence with Atlanta Address (compromise) in 1895
wrote 14 books including Up From Slavery (1901); invited to White House in 1901 by TR (first African American to get an invite)
first African American to be depicted on postage stamp (1940)
contributed funds for legal challenges dealing with segregation and disfranchisement
ida tarbell
Wrote History of Standard Oil Company (1904) an exposé of the Standard Oil Company, Inspired other journalists to write about trusts, large businesses that (in absence of strong antitrust law in the 19th century) attempted to gain monopolies in various industries
Credited with hastening breakup of Standard Oil in 1911
wrote a series on Abraham Lincoln made her famous and doubled the magazine's circulation and gave her a national reputation as a writer
upton sinclair
Upton
Sinclair
Wrote 1906 muckraking novel The Jungle which chronicled the unsanitary conditions and the inhumane conditions experienced by the workers in the meat packing industry. Novel created a public uproar and led federal government to pass Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act
founded California chapter of American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
ran unsuccessfully for Senate and Representative and governor of California
won the Pulitzer Prize in 1943; wrote more than 90 book in many genres
margaret sanger
founder of American Birth Control League (ABCL); president of International Planned Parenthood Federation
Published What Every Girl Should Know which provided information on topics such as menstruation and sexuality in adolescents followed by What Every Mother Should Know.
Monthly periodical The Birth Control Review and Birth Control News and contributed articles on health to the Socialist Party paper, The Call.
proponent of eugenics, a philosophy which claims human hereditary traits can be improved through social intervention. Sanger's eugenic policies ran to an exclusionary immigration policy, free access to birth control methods and full family-planning autonomy for the able-minded, and compulsory segregation or sterilization for the profoundly retarded
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