68 terms

5th grade Social Studies

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New England Colonies
largely farming, and fishing communities
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut, rhode Island, New Hampshire
Middle Colonies
part agriculture, part industrial
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delware
Southern Colonies
mostly agriculture
Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina,South Carolina, Georgia
Proprietary colonies
New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia,New Jersey
meant to make money for the stockholder( person who owned the colony)
Church of England
national religion of England
cash crop
crop grown for profit
indentured servant
a person who agrees to work for free for a certain period of time in return for their freedom
Virginia company
businessmen wanted to set up a new colony in
Virginia to see if there were any resources to make them money
French and Indian War
fought over control of Ohio River Valley
Britain gained more land in North America
Britain go control of land that belong to Native Americans
Britain imposed taxes to pay for the war
Stamp Act
tax on all newspapers, legal documents, playing cards
Patrick Herny
lawyer who made a speech to King George III that said Britain had to right to tax the colonist
Said " give me liberty, or give me death"
Sons of Liberty
Samuel Adams organized a group of men to protest the Stamp Act
repeal
means to cancel
tariff
tax placed on goods that are imported
Townshend Acts
taxes on tea, paper, glass, wool, lead, paints
Boston Massacre
pushed the colonists closer to war, British soldiers shot into a crowd and killed 5 colonists
Tea Act
act said that the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonist would be the East India Company
Boston Tea Party
group of colonists dressed as Indians through all the tea in the harbor
Intolerable Acts
*rules that sent more British soldiers to Boston
*colonist had to let soldiers stay in their home and feed them
*no ships were allowed to enter or leave the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the tea they through overboard
First Continental Congress
important meeting between all the colonies, 12 met in Philadelphia, included George Washington, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Samuel Adams
Battle of Lexington and Concord
marked the beginning of the Revolution
Battle of Bunker Hill
first major battle fought in Revolution
patriot
colonist who supported the cause of independence
Paul Revere
rode through the towns of Lexington and Concord shouting " the British are coming"
Second Continental Congress
agreed to create a army
representatives from each of the 13 colonies
Led by George Washington
Declaration of Independance
written by Thomas Jefferson
amendent
something that is added to the orginal
Articles of confederation
the United States plan of government that was used from 1781-1789
Battle of Saratoga
often called the turning point in the American Revolution
Battle of Tippecanoe
a 1811 battle between american soldiers and Tecumsh's soldiers
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution
boycott
to refuse to buy something to express disapproval or create change
colony
a settlement far from the country that governs it
Declaration of Independence
a document that explained what the colonists believed in and why they wanted to be independent of British rule
delegate
a representative of a state
electoral college
the body that elects the president of the United States
executive branch
part of the United States government that includes the president
Federalist
a person who believed that the new United States needed a strong central government
forced migration
a large group of people who are forced to move from one place to live to another place to live
frontier
the unsettled part of a country
House of Burgess
1619- The Virginia House of Burgess formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
immigrate
a person from one country who goes to live in another country
Indian removal act
the United States government action that forcibly moved indians to lands west
intolerable
unacceptable
intolerable acts
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troops in barns and empty houses
Jamestown
first permanent settlement
judicial branch
part of government that includesJ
John Adams
He argued against the Stamp Act and was involved in various patriot groups. As a delegate from Massachusetts, he urged the Second Continental Congress to declare independence. He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence. Adams later served as the second President of the United States.
legislative branch
part of the government that includes the senate and the House of Representatives
Manifest Destiny
belief that America was destined to expand to the Pacific, and possibly into Canada and Mexico
Mayflower Compact
written agreement made among the pilgrims on board the Mayflower
mercenaries
paid soldiers from one country who fight for another country
militia
a volunteer army
minutemen
members of the militia who were ready to fight with only a moments notice
neutral
to not take a side in a fight
Northwest Territory
an area of land that became Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin
pioneers
people who are the first to settle in a region
puritans
a group of people who disagreed with the Church of England
ratify
to approve
Lost Colony/ Roanoke
the first settlement in north america
separatists
people who wanted to break away from or separate from the Church of England
shot heard around the worls
first gunshot of American Revolution
Battle of Yorktown
ended the Revolutionary War
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris
marked the official end of the war
United States Constitution
a government document that tells exactly what each branch of government is allowed to do
Budget
plan for spending money
checks and balances
each branch of government checks on the other, the power is balanced between them

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