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Terms in this set (161)

a. Iron: component of proteins and enzymes, "HEME", cytochrome in ETC, NT synthesis and protein synthesis

b. Zinc: cellular metabolism including catalytic, structural, and regulatory roles, Enzyme, cell membrane and proteinComponent in Copper-Zinc SOD (antioxidant)

c. Manganese: It primarily works as a coenzyme that facilitates various metabolic processes in the body. The benefits of manganese in the body vary largely. It is involved in bone formation, thyroid function, formation of connective tissues, sex hormone function, calcium absorption, blood sugar regulation, immune function and in fat and carbohydrate metabolism.

d. Copper: Copper is required in the formation of hemoglobin, red blood cells as well as bones, while it helps with the formation of elastin as well as collagen - making it necessary for wound healing.

e. Fluoride: Small amounts of fluoride help reduce tooth decay. Adding fluoride to tap water (called fluoridation) helps reduce cavities in children by more than half.

f. Molybdenum: Several functions of molybdenum include the prevention of dental caries, iron metabolism, uric acid excretion and maintenance of normal sexual function in males. Essential for utilizing nitrogen in the air, molybdenum is a trace element responsible for several biochemical processes involving cellular structures of the body. Cellular respiration and the utilization of oxygen are dependent on molybdenum to function normally. Harnessing free radicals and preventing DNA and RNA missteps
in reproduction, as well as the maintenance of cell membrane

g. Iodine: an essential component of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4)
and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid hormones regulate many important biochemical reactions, including protein synthesis and enzymatic activity, and are critical determinants of metabolic activity [1,2]. They are also required for proper skeletal and central nervous system development in fetuses and infants [1]

h. chromium: essential mineral. Chr III is in foods and involved in glucose metabolism by enhancing the function of insulin.

i. selenium: Selenium dependent enzymes are essential to normal function, glutathione preoxidase converts ROS (H2O2) into H2O.