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Spring Religion Final 2017 (Ms. Spinelli)
Make sure to mention me in your valedictorian speech after you have aced this final. Order of the set: Etymology, Trinity, Jesus, Church, and Morality.
Terms in this set (59)
Making connections between your spiritual beliefs and your physical world.
Health and wholeness.
A theological term, applied uniquely to humans, which denotes the symbolical relation between God and humanity.
God is with us.
(Greek) anointed one.
Assuming human nature; in the flesh.
To send forth.
Assembly, the people, the community.
Word of God.
Three persons; God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Three in one, this explains how they are related, inseparable (substance) yet distinct (persons). This is important because it explains how Christians are monotheistic.
Mission of the Trinity
Our salvation; God=Creator, Son=became incarnate, assuming a human nature, Holy Spirit=sent into each believer's heart and is sent to guide the Church.
The belief in one God.
False teaching of a religion.
Create to explain simply Christian beliefs.
Hebrew for Anointed One.
Help God save us and be with us.
Gospel Views of Jesus
Mark; human/suffering servant.
Matthew; New Moses/Divine/Messiah
Luke; Emphasized His human side.
John; Majestic/God man/Emphasized His divine side/God Incarnate
Mother of Jesus, known for saying yes.
John the Baptist
Baptized Jesus, cousin of Jesus.
Apostle vs. Disciple
Apostle: "sent forth", the twelve apostles.
Disciple: follower of Christ, anyone who calls them Christian.
Fisherman and brother of James the Greater.
Called the "beloved apostle" the only apostle at Jesus' death.
An evangelist, he wrote the Gospel of John, epistles, and the Book of Revelation. An evangelist is one who wrote a gospel and an epistle is a letter written by an apostle to an early Christian community.
Only apostle that died of natural causes, 100 CE.
Known as the one who betrayed Jesus.
Died by suicide.
He was replaced by Matthias.
Fisherman, brother of Andrew and married.
Impulsive; (he once cut off a guy's ear).
The source of the Gospel of Mark.
Jesus asked him to take over learning the people - 1st pope.
First to go out and preach.
Crucified upside down in 64 or 65 CE.
Architect or fisherman.
AKA "doubting Thomas" for doubting Jesus' resurrection.
He was stabbed to death.
He was a tax collector when he was called by Jesus.
A gospel is attributed to him but we are not sure if he wrote it.
Martyred by a spear.
Types of Miracles
Healing: Fever, Paralysis, Deaf, Mute, Blind, and Leprosy.
Exorcism: Driving out evil spirits or demons.
Restoration of Life: Bring people back from the dead; ex. Lazarus, Widow's son, Jairus' daughter.
Nature Miracles: Shows power over nature; ex. calming a storm, walking on water, turning water into wine.
Reason for Miracles
God appeals to us to take notice of Him and Reality and to wake up from distractions. Basically, reminders of God's presence.
Types of Teachings
Sermons: Direct lessons, usually, Jesus clarified the meanings of Jewish laws. Example: Sermon on the Mount or Bread Life discussion Jn 6:30-51, 66-69.
Answering Questions: Many people would ask Jesus questions and His answers would become lessons. Example: The greatest commandment or the rich young man Mk 10:17-31.
Parables: Short stories made up of everyday events that explain a deeper meaning about either who God is or His kingdom. There are two parts: the literal and the deeper. The literal is what He is saying. It is about everyday life and easy to understand. The deeper is what He is meaning. It require interpretation and often found in the surprise twist.
Jesus celebrating Passover, but it was no ordinary Passover, this time He did something different He identified Himself with the bread and wine. This meal was the origin of the Eucharist; Eucharist means thanksgiving (the communion portion). This is the first mass. Mt 26:26-29.
Jesus' second trial was in front of Procurator Pontius Pilate, it was dismissed. He was the Roman official or Procurator, overseeing Israel.
Through His death, we have life. When Jesus died, He broke the gates of Heaven open and therefore, gave us life, specifically, afterlife.
Human or Divine
According to the Catholic Church, Jesus is 100% human and 100% divine.
30 CE. Based on "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life." This was used while it was still a branch of Judaism.
70 CE. Follower of Christos (Greek for Messiah).
Holy Roman Catholic Church
Holy: from God, given by God.
Roman: the headquarters (Vatican) is located in Rome.
Church: assembly, the people, the community.
Mission of the Church
To be the continuation of Christ on Earth.
30 CE. (Acts 2:1-13). 50 (pente) days after Jesus resurrected, He sent the Holy Spirit to be with the apostles. This is when the Church was born. Pentecost is the birthday of the church, because it is the first day that the Holy Spirit was with us on Earth. The Church is guided through the Holy Spirit.
The current pope, 366th pope.
Split between Judaism and Christianity
70 CE. The destruction of the second temple was the final straw.
Edict of Milan
Legalized Christianity. You can now practice your faith openly.
In 1517 CE, Martin Luther nails the 95 Theses to the cathedral door. The Protestant Reformation had begun.
Purpose of Prayer
Grow closer in your relationship with God.
Types of Prayer
Thanksgiving: giving thanks to God.
Contrition: a recognition of where I have fallen short on my end of my relationship with God; recognizing where you have made mistakes acknowledging them, and asking for forgiveness.
Intercession: praying on someone else's behalf.
Petition: Asking for yourself.
Praise or Adoration: Praising God.
Efficacious and visible signs of God's invisible grace, instituted by Christ. Efficacious means makes an effect. Sacrament comes from the Latin word "sacramentum" which means a sign of the sacred. An outward, visible sign of an invisible grace. The most clear sign of God's presence. There are Seven Sacraments within three different categories. Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. Sacraments of Healing: Anointing of the Sick, and Penance. Sacraments of Service of Communion (Vocation): Matrimony and Holy Orders.
Catholic Social Teachings
A. God is Love (1 John 4:8)
B. Judgement of Nations (Matthew 25:31-46)
D. Ten Commandments
2. Natural Law
A. Natural law is written and engraved in the soul of each and every man, because it is human reason ordaining him to do good and forbidding him to sin (Pp. Leo XII). It extended across time and doesn't not change.
B. We are to be concerned about our self preservation.
C. We are to be concerned about our species preservation.
D. We need to seek the truth.
E. We are societal creatures and need to be productive members in society.
3. Well-formed Conscience
A. Some rules always apply.
a. Never do evil so good may result from it.
b. Golden Rule
c. Charity always proceeds by way of respect for ones neighbor and their conscience "It is right not to do anything that makes your brother stumble" (Rom 14:21)
B. Life long task, including reflection on all of the above (seeking advice, prayer, Church teaching).
Listen to your heart/conscience
"If a person were deliberately to act against it, he would condemn himself" (CCC1790).
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion, or abilities.
4 Words for Love
Agape: the love of God.
Phileo: to have a special interest or affection for someone, like a friend.
Storge: the love between family members.
Eros: passionate or intimate love.
Not having sex.
Purity, selflessness, and cleanliness.
Do you think the Catholic Church continues Christ on earth today? Why or why not? To answer this question, give three traits of Jesus and how the Church does or does not mirror each one.
(Opinion) The Catholic Church continues Christ on Earth today by reflecting Jesus' recognition of free will, words, and deeds. Jesus never forced anyone to believe Him, people had faith and used their free will to follow Him. The Church reflects this by not imposing anything on anyone, it is up to the individual whether they believe or not. The Church educates us on the words of Jesus through teaching scripture, often times in mass or Sunday classes. The Church spreads His words by acting as a community for those who want it. The Church recognizes the deeds of Jesus through sacraments. By performing sacraments, the Church brings the saving action of Christ into the present moment through tangible methods, like the waters of baptism or the words of Absolution.
Jesus changed the way many understood how God and faith applies to their life (for example: prayer, charity, greatest commandment, Beatitudes). Give an example from today's world of how God applies to a social issue (for example: sex, charity, UNCRC, friendships, technology, or vocation). Explain the social issue, how the world sees the issue and how God can influence the way we see the issue.
(Opinion) A social issue from today's world that God could be applied to would be the acceptance of different sexual orientations. Even in this day and age, many people are unaccepting of sexual orientations that aren't heterosexuality such as homosexuality, bisexuality, pansexuality, etc. This leads to many political and social strifes such as hate crimes, violent rallies, and the exclusion of LGBTQ+ community from many deserved opportunities such as marriage equality in certain regions, defense from workplace discrimination (according to federal law), or even restaurant service. Of course, like every social issue, people's opinions on these differ. While some are risking there lives by putting themselves out there as LGBTQ+ supporters, others are working to keep these opportunities away from the LGBTQ+. For example, gay marriage was declared legal in all 50 states by the Supreme Court back in 2015, but in some states, the rights of homosexual couples to adopt are uncertain. God can influence the way we see this issue by helping us all recognizing ourselves as children of God, created in the image of God and with God's love. Therefore, we are all equal in God's love and all deserving of the same opportunities.
The world changed with the birth of one man, Jesus Christ, explain how. How does he continue to change the world today? Give three concrete examples, at least two of them must be learned in class.
Jesus changed the world through His teachings. Through His teachings, Jesus not only taught about God or His kingdom, He also taught about life in general; how to treat others, how to treat ourselves, how to live life as God's children, etc. This affects the world today as well because these teachings are carried on through the Church. The Church then utilizes these teachings in helping and inspiring their community. Jesus changed the world through the Paschal Mystery: Through His death, we have life. When He died, Jesus battled Satan and broke the gates of Heaven open, therefore, giving life through providing an afterlife. This action has inspired the faith of many and continues to till this day. Jesus changed the world through living a life of complete faith. His faith led Him to care for others who no one else would care for or even notice, therefore, inspiring others to do the same. Not only in His time, but into today's world as well. For example, the first universities in Paris and London were started by believers.
Explain the role of both religion (in general) and the Catholic Church; what is it's purpose or function. Do you think the Catholic Church is successful at being a religion (as defined)? Do you think the Catholic Church is fulfilling it's mission? Defend your claims with at least three specific examples learned in class.
Religion is to make sense of our lives, to understand our experiences, and to look for its meaning. Religion means to reconfigure our ideas based on reality, to make connections over and over again. The purpose of the Catholic Church is to be the continuation of Christ on Earth. I think the Church is successful at being a religion because the Church educates us about Jesus Christ, His life, His origin, and God, and through these words, teaches us how to connect these events back to our own lives. For example, the Church teaches about Jesus' faithful life. Jesus, lead by His faith, cared for the poor, ministered for the sick, and showed kindness to those rejected by society. The Church instructs us to be inspired by these actions and apply them our own lives, to care for the poor, to minister for the sick, and show kindness to the rejected. I think the Church is fulfilling it's mission by providing education of God, forming a community, and performing the acts that live out Jesus. The Church provides education of God and connects it back to our own lives. The Church forms a community by developing an institution as a meet up for a community, manifesting the presence and love of Jesus through masses or Sunday classes. The Church performs acts that live out Jesus through the Sacraments. By performing sacraments, the Church brings the saving action of Christ into the present moment through tangible methods, like the waters of baptism or the words of Absolution.
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