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Geography Unit 11 Vocab
Terms in this set (53)
aborigine (origins of the word):
a person, animal, or plant that has been in a country or region from earliest times.
Antarctica (land claims):
Many, many countries tried to claim land in Antarctica after it was found out there was oil and other ores underneath the ice.
Wells from which pressurized water flows to the surface.
Australia's animals (why so many unique species):
Marsupials. They are so unique because the country is very far from others so their animals would be different.
Canterbury Plains(location, basic facts):
The Canterbury Plains are an area in New Zealand centred to the south of the city of Christchurch in the Canterbury Region.
Australia, which are made up of the Great Artesian Basin and Australia's largest river systems, Murray-Darling Basin and Lake Eyre Basin
colonization in region (reasons):
A lot of good resources and such. I believe that they also used the islands to ship people and they could've been slaves for the Eurpoeans
Cook Strait or Te Moana-o-Raukawa lies between the North and South Islands of New Zealand. It connects the Tasman Sea on the northwest with the South Pacific Ocean on the southeast, and runs next to the capital city, Wellington.
Dried coconut meat
coral (how is it made):
The lime-stone skeletons of a tiny sea animal
The dingo is a wild canine found in Australia whose taxonomic status as a distinct species remains debated
Areas with no wind
economies in region:
The economy of Oceania comprises more than 14 separate countries and their associated economies. On a total scale the region has approximately 34,700,201 inhabitants who are spread among 30,000 islands in the South Pacific bordered between Asia and the Americas.
Exclusive Economic Zone:
an area of coastal water and seabed within a certain distance of a country's coastline, to which the country claims exclusive rights for fishing, drilling, and other economic activities.
Great Barrier Reef:
The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia, is the largest living thing on Earth, and even visible from outer space.
Guam (territory of which country):
Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific
International Date Line:
The International Date Line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway round the world from the prime meridian—the zero degrees longitude established in Greenwich, England, in 1852
Species that are not native to the country.
island types (what kind are found in Oceania):
Ones made by volcanoes and others that just appear.
Shallow pools of clear water
language development in region (what affected development):
Europeans coming to the country means that languages like french were spoken.
manufacturing countries in region:
Samoa or some island does manufacturing
Maori (people group in which country):
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. The Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia
Mammals whose young must mature in a pouch after they are born
from Greek, meaning "black islands"
The Federated States of Micronesia is a country spread across the western Pacific Ocean comprising more than 600 islands. Micronesia is made up of 4 island states: Pohnpei, Kosrae, Chuuk and Yap. The country is known for palm-shaded beaches, wreck-filled dives and ancient ruins, including Nan Madol, sunken basalt temples and burial vaults that extend out of a lagoon on Pohnpei.
Moai (what are they, where are they found):
Moai, or mo'ai, are monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island in eastern Polynesia between 1250 and 1500 A.D.
Money in Oceania:
The economy of Oceania comprises more than 14 separate countries and their associated economies.
Aoraki / Mount Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand. Its height since 2014 is listed as 3,724 metres, down from 3,764 m before December 1991, due to a rockslide and subsequent erosion
Murray-Darling River Basin(location, what used for):
The Murray-Darling basin is a large geographical area in the interior of southeastern Australia. Its name is derived from its two major rivers
Nauru (reasons for foreign investment):
Nauru is a tiny island country in Micronesia, northeast of Australia. It features a coral reef and white-sand beaches fringed with palms, including Anibare Bay on the east coast. Inland, tropical vegetation surrounds Buada Lagoon. There is also lime-stone on the island.
New Zealand (general facts):
New Zealand is a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean consisting of 2 main islands, both marked by volcanoes and glaciation. Capital Wellington, on the North Island, is home to Te Papa Tongarewa, the expansive national museum. Wellington's dramatic Mt. Victoria, along with the South Island's Fiordland and Southern Lakes, stood in for mythical Middle Earth in Peter Jackson's "Lord of the Rings" films.
nuclear radiation (effects in region):
Bad soil and less wildlife
nuclear testing in region(when and foreign countries involved):
They were involved because the nuclear testing was done in the ocean and sometimes on inhabited islands.
outback(characteristics and location):
It is located in South Australia, Covering an area of some 6000000 acres (24,000 kilometres) or 2; 9,400 sq miles which is bigger than a number of European Countries. The Australian outback takes up around 70% of the countries landmass and is populated by only 3%.
Pacific Islanders (typical occupations):
Fishing or tourism
Papua New Guinea (distinctive of island):
Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it's known for its beaches and coral reefs. Inland are active volcanoes, granite Mt. Wilhelm, dense rainforest and hiking routes like the Kokoda Trail. There are also traditional tribal villages, many with their own languages.
A blend of English and an indigenous language.
The Pitcairn Islands, officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the last British Overseas Territory in the Pacific.
Polynesia is a subregion of Oceania, made up of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. The indigenous people who inhabit the islands of Polynesia are termed Polynesians.
Ross Ice Shelf:
The Ross Ice Shelf is the largest ice shelf of Antarctica. It is several hundred metres thick. The nearly vertical ice front to the open sea is more than 600 kilometres long, and between 15 and 50 metres high above the water surface.
An Australian ranch
the English language as spoken by Australians; the Australian accent, especially when considered pronounced or uneducated.
Sydney, capital of New South Wales and one of Australia's largest cities, is best known for its harbourfront Sydney Opera House, with a distinctive sail-like design.
Tahiti is the largest island in French Polynesia, the South Pacific archipelago. Shaped like a figure-8, it's divided into Tahiti Nui (the larger, western section) and Tahiti Iti (the eastern peninsula). With black-sand beaches, lagoons, waterfalls and 2 extinct volcanoes, it's a popular vacation destination. Explored by Captain James Cook in the 18th century, it was also often painted by French artist Paul Gauguin.
Tasmania, an isolated island state off Australia's south coast, is known for its vast, rugged wilderness areas, largely protected within parks and reserves
travel in region (importance of air and water travel):
Very important because the country is so far away.
Areas that were dependent on the UN placed under that temporary control of a foreign country
a strong, interwoven wooden framework used for building homes
Western Australia, covering the entire western third of the country, is made up mostly of the arid Outback. Its population is concentrated in its fertile southwest corner, home to the Margaret River wine region and the riverside capital, Perth
the formation of the three types of islands found in Oceania and the physical geography of each type
Formed by volcanoes, with mountain ranges split by valleys that fan out into coastal plains
Ring-shaped islands (atolls) formed by the buildup of coral reefs on the rim of submerged volcanoes; lagoons (shallow pools of clear water) in the center and usually very low elevation
Formed by rising and folding of ocean floor (continental shelf), many with active volcanoes, coastal plains, swamps, rivers and land rising up into rugged interior mountains
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