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11 terms

test 1 part 2

STUDY
PLAY
Perseveration
Repeated movements or acts during functional performance as a result of difficulty in shifting from one response pattern to another; refers inertia on initiation or termination of performance; prefrontal perseveration- repetition of whole actions or action components; premotor perseveration- compulsive repetition of the same movement
Field dependency
Uninhibited adequate and irrelevant stereotypic actions that replace goal directed actions corresponding to specific tasks
Lability
Pathologic emotional instability alternation states of gladnes and sadness, including inappropriate crying
Left unilateral body neglect
Failure to report, respond, or orient to a unilateral stimulus presented to a body side contralateral to a cerebral lesion; can be result of defective sensory processing or attention deficit
Anosognosia
Denial or lack of awareness of a paretic extremity accompanied by lack of insight with regard to the paralysis; paralyzed extremities may be referred to as objects or perceived out of proportion to other body parts
Wernikes aphasia
Focuses on speech reception
wernikes aphasia conceptual definition
Deficit in auditory comprehension of language May affect semantic speech performance ( manifested as paraphsai or nonsensical syllables b/c auditory feedback is impaired repititions
wernicke's aphasia operational defintion
Has difficulty comprehending spoken language Does not understand one or two word commands Does not perform according to verbal instructions
Retrograde amnesia
the inability to use information acquired b/f an injury, illness or the onset of amnesia
Vigilance
the process of paying close and continous attention
Hemianopsia
Damage to optic pathways in brain Can result from acquired brain injuries due to stroke, tumor, or trauma Causes visual loss in half the field * Most common: right homonoymous