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Photosynthesis and Respiration

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Photosynthesis
Process that plants and other producers use to capture energy from sunlight and STORE it in sugars
Respiration
Process that plants, animals, and most organisms use to break down sugar using oxygen to RELEASE energy
Basic formula for photosynthesis
Water + carbon dioxide + sunlight --> oxygen + sugar
Basic formula for respiration
oxygen + sugar --> water + carbon dioxide + ATP (energy)
Chloroplast
Location in the cell where photosynthesis takes place
Chlorophyll
A green pigment located within the chloroplasts of plants.
Mitochondria
Location in the cell where respiration takes place
Glucose
The type of sugar that is made in photosynthesis; Where ENERGY is stored
ATP
The ENERGY molecule produced after cellular respiration
H2O
Chemical formula for water
O2
Chemical formula for oxygen gas
CO2
Chemical formula for carbon dioxide
C6H12O6
Chemical formula for glucose (sugar)
Left side
In a chemical formula: (Left side) --> (Right side), which side are the REACTANTS (what is taken IN)
Right side
In a chemical formula: (Left side) --> (Right side), which side are the PRODUCTS (what are released)
Carbon dioxide
This gas is a REACTANT (taken in) during photosynthesis, but a PRODUCT (released) during respiration
Oxygen
This gas is a REACTANT (taken in) during respiration, but a PRODUCT (released) during photosynthesis
Water
This liquid is a REACTANT (taken in) during photosynthesis, but a PRODUCT (released) during respiration
Sugar
This solid is a REACTANT (taken in) during respiration, but a PRODUCT (released) during photosynthesis - and it is the MOST important reactant/product! Where the energy is stored!
Sunlight
The source of MOST energy used by living things
Reactants of Photosynthesis
CO₂ (carbon dioxide) + H₂O (water) + SUNLIGHT (energy)
Products of Photosynthesis
C₆H₁₂O₆ (glucose) + O₂ (oxygen)
Reactants of Cellular Respiration
Glucose and Oxygen
Products of Cellular Respiration
Carbon Dioxide, Water and ATP ENERGY

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