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Semester 2 Vocab
Terms in this set (78)
This infancy narrative addresses the wealthy Gentile audience members by demonstrating that they should pay attention to the weak , outcast, and poor of society. The author does this by pointing out that the first to visit baby Jesus are lowly shepherds.
Luke's Infancy Narrative
This infancy narrative addresses the Christian community (with Jewish roots) in Palestine. The author does this by having wise men follow a star—much like how God reminds Abraham about his covenant by "looking at the stars in the sky" (Gen 15).
Matthew's Infancy Narrative
"To be made flesh."
After Jesus is baptized, he travels to the wilderness. There, he experiences three temptations by the Devil. These stories can be found in Matt, Mark, and Luke only.
In the first chapter of John, Jesus is revealed as the Word that existed "in the beginning"—the word that God speaks to create everything. This is much more clearer if you review how God created everything by speaking ("Then God said, 'Let there be light'" in Gen 1:3).
This story in Luke depicts the angel's proclamation to Mary: "Hail, favored one! The Lord is with you. Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name him Jesus" (1:28, 31).
This story is from Luke's Gospel: "During those days Mary set out and traveled to the hill country in haste to a town of Judah, where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the infant leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with the holy Spirit, cried out in a loud voice and said, 'Most blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb'" (1:39-42).
In this Gospel, the author portrays Jesus as a new Lawgiver or a new Lawgiver to accommodate the Jewish-Christian audience's understanding of Jewish Law.
In this Gospel, Jesus is portrayed as the "Suffering Son of Man" to reflect the suffering and persecution experienced by the audience.
This Gospel portrays Jesus as a great prophet, Lord, and savior of all. This author highlights that Jesus is the savior of all especially the poor and outcast in order to motivate the wealthy Greek audience to serve those in need.
In this Gospel, Jesus is shown as the eternal Logos —the Word that was made flesh. Jesus is portrayed as someone eternal and equal to God.
This term describes Jesus as a "go-between" or as a bridge. Jesus is the connector piece linking humanity to God. Because sin broke the connection, the Father sent his only son to reconnect.
In the Roman world. A ransom was the price paid for the freedom of a slave. Jesus paid the price to ransom us from our slavery to sin. Redemption is the buying back of the slave—Jesus (as redeemer) is one who bought us back!
This term means "to be made holy." Because God is the source of all holiness we cannot make ourselves holy—only God, through Jesus, makes us holy.
This is the prayer inspired by Luke 1:
Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women and blessed is
the fruit of your womb, Jesus. Holy Mary Mother of God, pray for us sinners now
and at the hour of our death Amen.
This term means "Mother of God."
Read Matthew 4:19-20. This is Jesus invitation to "Come after me and I will make you fishers of men." This calling still applies today because Jesus also calls us to follow him.
Call of the Disciples
This term describes Jesus as more divine (as opposed to more human). In comparison to the Gospels, John has the highest Christology.
This term describes Jesus as more human (as opposed to more divine). In comparison to the Gospels, Mark has the highest Christology.
The Joyful mysteries are marked by the joy radiating from the event of the Incarnation (Pope St. John Paul II). These mysteries are: 1. The Annunciation, 2. The Visitation, 3. The Nativity, 4. The Presentation, and 5. The Finding of Jesus in the Temple.
This describes the rule of God over the hearts of people. As a consequence of that, a new social order based on unconditional love is developed. Although this rule starts here on this earth, its fullness will not be realized until the end of time (here, but not yet.) See also "Reign of God"
Kingdom of God
See "Kingdom of God" Synonymous with "Kingdom of Heaven"
Reign of God
In the Creation stories, Genesis reveals to us that we are made in the image and likeness of God. In this unit, we will explore how we are like God through our intellect, our free will, our ability to love, and our duties as stewards.
This means "love" as "willing the good of the other as other." This is more than just sappy feelings or feel-good emotions. This is an action that decisively seeks what is good and best for the other person without reward for self.
These are long speeches. Matthew has five discourses—the most famous of which is the Sermon on the Mount which contains the Beatitudes. (See "Sermon on the Mount" and "Beatitudes." John has long discourses too...like the discourses on the Bread of Life (Jn 6) and at the Last Supper (Jn 13-18).
Matt 5-7. This is Jesus's first of five discourses in Matthew. In it, Jesus delivers the Beatitudes and the Lord's prayer as well as teachings on murder and anger, and adultery and lust. Other teachings include nonretaliation, almsgiving, and fasting, and much, much more!! Call now!
Sermon on the Mount
Luke 6:17-49. Drastically shorter than its Matthean counterpart, Luke's similar teachings contain the "Blessings and Woes," "love your enemies," "can a blind person guide a blind person?," and "every tree is known by its own fruit."
Sermon on the Plain
Matt 5:3-12. These are Jesus's teachings that begin the "Sermon on the Mount". They summarize the New Law of Christ. They describe the actions and attitudes of genuinely happy people who know that true happiness lies in full communion with God. "Blessed are those..." OR "Happy are those...."
Luke 6:20-26. Compare this with the Beatitudes These contain four blessings and their corresponding woes that demonstrate the reversal of wealth, honor, power, and glory in the Kingdom of Heaven.
Blessings and Woes
John's Gospel is divided into two major sections: the Book of signs and the Book of Glory. This section focuses on Jesus's self-revelation through the supernatural acts he performs—demonstrating that he is the one sent by the Father. In John, these acts serve as Jesus teaching tools—in the same way that Jesus teaches through parables and miracles in the Synoptics.
Book of Signs
John's Gospel is divided into two major sections: the Book of Signs and the Book of Glory. This section focuses on the Last Supper Discourse and the Paschal Mystery—the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In John, Jesus is glorified through his death on the cross.
Book of Glory
They are Jewish Christians who have ties to the Jewish tradition and customs. They focus on Jesus's portrayal as a teacher or rabbi or a "New Moses."
They are Gentile Christians in Rome who are undergoing great suffering and possible persecution at the time of the Roman Emperor Nero between 64-68 CE. They gravitate to seeing Jesus as a suffering servant.
Primarily, it is Theophilus. Secondarily, it is to his community of a possible wealthy and educated Gentiles who are seeking to understand Jesus who is a bit of a foreigner to them. The author presents reversals of wealthy and poor, accepted and outcast, men and women, free and slave. To them, Jesus is portrayed primarily as a universal savior.
They are a mixed group of Jews and Gentiles living in Ephesus—a major metropolitan city of the Roman Empire. They are experiencing some persecution especially from some Jewish communities. To them, Jesus is stressed as the Logos and as the only begotten son of God.
At its simplest, a parable is a metaphor or simile drawn from nature or common life, arresting the hearer by its vividness or strangeness, and leaving the mind in sufficient doubt about its precise application to tease it into active thought.
These are miracles in which Jesus casts out demons and unclean spirits. Through these, Jesus demonstrate that he has power over evil.
These are miracles in which Jesus heals physical illness and impairments. Through these, Jesus demonstrates that he has power over health. Healing stories usually have five distinct stages: introduction, conflict, healing, confirmation, reaction.
These are miracles in which Jesus raises the dead and restoring them to life. Through these, Jesus demonstrates that he has power over death, NOTE: restoration and resuscitation and resurrection are three VERY different things.
These are miracles in which Jesus enacts his power over the natural world such as the calming of storms or walking on water or multiplying bread.
"You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the greatest and the first commandment. The second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments" (Matt 22:37-40). The third is like it as well: Obey Mr. Lopez.
Two Great Commandments
"Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said to him, 'You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell what you have, and give to [the] poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.' At that statement his face fell, and he went away sad, for he had many processions" (Mark 10:21-22; cf 10:17-22).
Rich Young Man
"And Jesus said to him, 'Today salvation has come to this house because this man too is a descendant of Abraham. For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save what was lost.'" (Luke 19:9-10; cf 19:1-10).
"For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, a stranger and you welcomed me" (Matt 25:35 cf 25:46).
Sheep and Goats
"As a result of this, many [of] his disciples returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him" (John 6: 66; cf 6:1-71).
Bread of Life Discourse
"I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and your joy may be complete. This is my commandment: love one another as I love you. No one has greater love than this, to lay down one's life for one's friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you" (John 15:11-14; cf 1-17)
Vine and Branches
This is the event in which Jesus Christ resurrected from the dead.
This event described in Acts 2 is the time in which the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles. As a result, the Apostles gained strength and courage to be a witness to Jesus Christ the resurrected Lord. The Church celebrates this feast 50 days after Easter. In a way, we participate in the Pentecost by using this courage to lead class in prayer, actively participating in Mass, and witnessing to our friendship with Jesus.
This 4th book of the New Testament details the history of the early church from the Ascension to the journeys of Paul. Major events include Pentecost, the stoning of Stephen, the conversion of Paul, the Jerusalem Council, and Paul's mission.
Acts of the Apostles
These are the 13 letters by Paul to early Christian communities and leaders. See Religion 101: Introduction to the Epistles for more details.
Found in Acts 6-7, Stephen is an early member of The Way and assistant to the Apostles who was first to die for proclaiming his faith in Jesus. Would you be just as willing to live for Christ just as Stephen?
He is the first among the disciples—a leader among the Apostles. He denied Jesus three times, but became a fervent follower of Christ especially after Pentecost. He was present in the Jerusalem Council and argued that "we (The Way) believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, in the same way as they (Gentiles)"
He was present at Stephen's stoning and was persecuting Jesus and The Way. He experienced Christ and his life changed by working for Christ in bringing about His Kingdom. How do you show in your everyday life that you have encountered Christ?
This describes Jesus as fully human and fully divine—truly and 100% human and divine.
This describes God as one and distinct in three equal persons —the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Good and correct teachings.
Bad teachings. Incorrect teachings. Repug teachings.
This diagram describes Orthodox teaching of the Trinity as proclaimed in the ecumenical councils starting with Nicea 325
Shield of the Trinity
This term describes the substance or "stuff." It answers the question "What are you?"
This term describes relationship. It (partly) answers the question "Who are you?"
This describes the aspect of the Trinity which professes that the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God- not three separate gods, but one God. God is undivided.
This describes the aspect of the Trinity which professes that persons of the Trinity in which the Father is not the Son, and the Son is not the Holy Spirit, and that the Holy Spirit is not the Father.
This describes the aspect of the Trinity which professes that the Father, Son, and Spirit are one in glory, majesty, eternity.
This is the first person of the Trinity who is the "Creator of all things visible and invisible." See notes on the Father for more details.
This is the second person of the Trinity who is the "Only Begotten son of the Father." He is "God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God" and "begotten, not made." See notes on the Son for more details.
This is the third person of the Trinity who is the "Lord, the giver of life who proceeds from the Father and the Son." The Holy Spirit has "spoken through the prophets." See notes on the Holy Spirit for more details.
This is the heresy promoted by Arius that denies the divinity of Jesus Christ by saying that Jesus was a created being by the Father. Nicene Creed said "nope." Arius was punched in the face by "Santa Claus."
Also a heresy. States that if Jesus is human, He is bad because flesh is bad. God's divinity is within the flesh of Jesus and at the end of time the Spirit will emerge from the flesh and ascend to heaven.
Heresy that portrays masks. God merely reveals himself in 3 different forms.
A heresy that Jesus was adopted and became God at Baptism, meaning the Father made the Son and is therefore greater.
Heresy. Nestorius said that there were two different and separate persons in Jesus—the divine and the human.
This council discussed the Gentile Question? What is the Gentile Question? Look it up!! Also present as a decision maker in this council is the Holy Spirit.
This council addressed how we discuss the Trinity. It brought down Arianism with a punch in the face from Bishop Nicholas of Myra and the Nicene Creed which deemed Arianism heretical. Look at your heresy notes.
This council in 431 brought an "end" to Nestorianism Jesus is 100% human and 100 % divine!!
Apparently, Nestorianism didn't "end" in Ephesus 431. Chalcedon made sure what orthodox teaching is: "acknowledged in Two Natures unconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably" (sample).
I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all things visible and invisible. I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God, born of the Father before all ages. God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made...
This helped define that Jesus is fully God and fully human—not 50/50.
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