Egypt Key Vocabulary
Terms in this set (26)
A triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river
An Egyptian leader that united both upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom
Ruler of unified Egypt, literally means "great house"
A series of rulers from the same family
The third Egyptian dynasty, which lasted nearly 500 years
Life after death, a widely held ancient Egyptian belief
The Egyptian method of preserving dead bodies by wrapping them in cloth
Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top
A period of order and stability that lasted until about 1750 BC
The period from about 1550 to 1050 BC in Egyptian history when Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
New Kingdom ruler renowned for expanding Egypt trade
King Ramses ll
Important New Kingdom pharaoh who defended Egypt form invaders and strengthened defenses
The ancient Egyptian writing system which used symbols
A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
A stone slab discovered in 1799 in France that was inscribed with Hieroglyphics and their Greek meaning. It was a clue in translating hieroglyphics; it had 3 different languages on it.
Huge ancient Egyptian statues of imaginary creatures with the heads of people and bodies of lions
Pharaoh whose tomb was discovered untouched by raiders, leaving much information about Egyptian art and burial practices.
Process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a person's body aft death.
The capital city of Upper Egypt; the location of the Great Pyramid
Weighing of the heart ceremony-
The Egyptians believed that when someone died they would by judged in this ceremony; the heart against the feather of truth
God of the afterlife; god of the dead; shown with the crown of upper and lower Egypt usually holding a crook and flail in his hands
Goddess of motherhood and fertility; her husband was Osiris
Book of the dead-
This was a collection of spells and prayers that Egyptians studied to obtain life after death
An object that holds the mummy
Valley of the Kings
An area of desert canyons where many pharaohs were buried.
The modern capital of Egypt