Terms in this set (48)
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
the repetition of the same consonant sounds or different vowel sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables. For example, "seven silver swans swam" or "even Alice's otter ate the ice-cream
" Words trip off the tongue with similar sounds.
an indirect reference to another famous person, literary work, even or place.
a a true story of a person's life, written by the person.
the true account of a person's life, written by someone other than that person.
the central character or hero in a narrative or drama, usually, the one with whom the audience identifies
principle character in opposition to the protagonist. Sometimes not a person but an obstacle such as a force of nature, society or inner conflict.
where the protagonist is flawed, or dominated by negative traits or questionable
behavior, he or she is called an "anti-hero." (Ex. Batman, a.k.a. Bruce Wayne, fights crime in large part because of his own troubled childhood. He does this on his own terms rather than through the legal system.)
in the plot of a story, conflict occurs when some person or force opposes the protagonist
self, man, society, nature, supernatural, technology
humorous scene, incident or speech that is included in a drama to provide a change from the emotional intensity
conversation between two or more characters in either fiction or non-fiction.
in a plot structure this occurs after the climax. Sometimes called resolution or denouement, this ties up the loose ends of a story.
works of prose that have imaginary elements. Sometimes based on true events but primarily from the authors imagination, including plot, characters, setting and theme.
this is a writer's technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time (goes back in time; giving the reader a memory). This device is often used to provide additional information to the reader.
this is a writer's technique in which the author provides clues or hints as to what is going to happen later in the story. It's like the music in a scary movie alerting us that something bad is about to happen.
Under Freytag's pyramid, the plot of a story consists of five parts: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and dénouement/resolution/revelation/catastrophe
a literary type or form (such as drama, comedy, science fiction, fables, etc.)
a figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration occurs. An example, "I've
told you a million times..."
a special kind of contrast between appearance and reality--usually one in which reality is the opposite of what one expects.
a comparison made by calling one item another item For example, "the evening of life" or "sunshine of our love".
the character or voice from whose point of view events are told. (see point of view)
any writing based entirely on facts, real and true events.
a literary device wherein the sound of a word echoes the sound it represents. The words "splash," "knock," and "roar" are examples.
a figure of speech which endows animals, ideas, or inanimate objects with human traits or abilities. To think of or represent an inanimate object as a person. For example, "The rocks will cry out his name" or "the planets danced in their orbits"
The structure or series of events in a story. The plot tells us what happens.
the author's point-of-view concentrates on the vantage point of the speaker or "teller" of the story or poem. includes:
the speaker is a character in the story or poem and tells it from his/her perspective (uses "I")
: the speaker is not part of the story, but tells about the other characters but limits information to what one character sees and feels.
3rd person limited
the speaker is not part of the story, but is able to "know" and describe what all characters are thinking.
3rd person omniscient:
a play on words when a word is used to convey two meanings at the same time.
the events in a story that move the plot along by adding complications or expanding the conflict. Builds suspense to the climax or turning point.
the repeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas
the time and place in which a story unfolds. The setting in Act 1, Scene 1 of Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet," for example, is a on a Sunday in a public square in Verona, Italy. A drama may contain a single setting, or the setting may change from scene to scene.
a comparison using "like" or "as". For example, "As snug as a bug in a rug."
in drama, a moment when a character is alone and speaks his or her thoughts aloud.
an ingredient of a literary work, which gives the work unity. The theme provides an answer to the question "What is the work really about?". Unlike plot, which deals with the action of a work, theme concerns itself with a work's message
A dramatic work that present a downfall of a character. Events in a tragic plot are set in motion by a decision that is often an error in judgment and eventually leads to a disastrous conclusion, usually death.
the method a writer uses to reveal the personallity of a character in a literary work. Methods may incude what the character says about him/herself, what others reveal about the character and the characters own actions
the use of time order to create change or make a point in prose or poetry
the turning point, the movement when the readers intrest and emotional intensity reach the highest point
an author's choice of words. Since words have specific meanings, and since one's choice of words can affect feelings a writer's choice of words can have great impact in a literary work. the writer therefore must choose his words caredully
a mild or pleasent word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasent or offensive.
the early part of a story that normally sets the tome establishes setting, introduces characters, and gives important background information
a pattern of narrative identified by the american scholar.
Archetype that shows a heroes growth into greatness
the atmosphere or feeling created by a literary work, partly by a description of the objets or by the style of the descriptions.
a combination of contradictory terms
a situation or a statement that seems to contradict itself, but on closer inspection does not.
a particular way in which a piece of literature is written. not what is written but how it is writen
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