chapter 11 Rome and christianity Section 1:2:3
Terms in this set (47)
One such person was CICERO, a philosopher and gifted orator, or public speaker.
Meanwhile, several generals were working to take over the government. The most powerful these generals was JULIUS CAESAR.
Before he went to Gaul, he made an alliance with two of Rome's most influential men, POMPEY and crassus. Together the three ruled Rome.
After Caesar's assassination, two great leaders emered to take control of Roman politics. One was Caesar's other was former assistant, MARC ANTONY.
The other was Caesar's adopted son Octavian later called AUGUSTUS.
("Roman Peace") long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire 200 years of Roman peace
A raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities.
They include Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian.
A legal System based on a written code of laws.
This religion was based on the life and teachings of JESUS OF NAZARETH.
"Gods chosen one" in Hebrew. In other words, the Jews believed that God would choose the MESSIAH that would lead them.
A type of execution in which a person was nailed to a cross. In fact, the word CRUCIFIXION comes from the LATIN word for "cross".
Jesus's rise from the dead as the RESURRECTION.
The APOSTLES 12 Disciples whom Jesus chose to receive special training.
Paul of Tarsus
Probably the most imimportant figure in the spead of christianity after Jesus's death was namedvPAUL OF TARSUS.
the 1st Roman emperor to became a Christian.
cicero wanted the Romans to give power to
"Caesar, having divided his forces
.................and having hastily [quickly] constructed some bridges, enters their country in three divisions, burns their houses and villages, and gets possession of a large number of cattle and men."
Hewrote his own history so that people would remember his greatness
a person who is a public speaker
a famous leader of Huns
Which of the folowing best describes why Marc Antony and Octavian became enemies?
Marc Antony divorced Octavian's sister to become co-ruler of Egypt.
Roman roads were built primarily in order to allow
Rome's armies to travel through the empire.
The Roman language influenced how people speak and write today because
Modernlanguages are based on the Roman language.
Caesar's adopted son
a person who dies for their religious or other beliefs
the decay of peoples values
ruler of the Byzantine Empire from AD 527- AD 565
famous Roman poet
The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth that began in the first century AD
Punishing a group of people for their beliefs
Which of the following is the main reason why the Roman language spread to the farthest parts of the empire
The Romans conducted business in their language
The emperor believed that by banning certain Jewish rituals, people would
give up Judaism
Which of the following best describes why many people became Jesus's followers
He traveled and taught them about his ideas
Which of the following best describes how Roman emperors by the end of the AD 100s started giving up land the Roman army conquered
They feared the empire had become too large to defend efficiently.
Which of the following best summarizes an effect the military battles had on farming?
There were not enough famers to grow food.
The Roman Empire fell for all of the following reasons except
The Roman frequently made payments to the Goths. This system was essentially a way to prevent the
Goth from attacking Rome
What event do many historians consider the end of the western Roman Empire
a barbarian general overthrowing the emperor and naming himself king.
Why was Julius Ceasar killed
he was too powerful and the senators killed him.
Why did Hadrian ban some Jewish rituals
He wanted the people to give uop Judaism
Why is the cross a symbol of Christianity
Because Jesus was crucified on the cross
In his speeches who called on upper class Roman to work together to improve Rome
Between 58-50 BC Julius Caesar conquered nearly all of what country
In 27 BC the senate gave who the title Augustus what is the meaning of "revered one"
Unlike the Romans which group worshipped one God
Romans called the capital of the eastern empire
Most people in the Byzantine spoke what language