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Important People #2
Terms in this set (34)
As a democratic president he opposed the Bank of US, did not allow individual states to nullify federal laws, was responsible for the Indian Removal Act, the "Trail of Tears". Created Spoils System
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist against slavery, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
runaway slave, well-known speaker on the condition of slavery, worked with Garrison and Wendell Phillips, founder of The North Star
1831, educated slave who plans a rebellion against the slave owners and kill/main 60 people, and 200 black participants are executed
James K. Polk
The 11th U.S. President, he led the country during the Mexican War and sought to expand the United States (California and Texas)
Senator who persuaded Congress to accept the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Maine into the Union as a free state, and Missouri as a slave state
Stephen A. Douglas
A senator from Illinois who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 and popularized the idea of popular sovereignty.
radical abolitionist who attack pro slavery communities, Harper's Ferry Raid 1859, proves the north will not rest until the southerners are dead, violent abolitionist who murdered slaveholders in Kansas and Missouri (1856-1858) before his raid at Harpers Ferry (1859), hoping to incite a slave rebellion; he failed and was executed, but his martyrdom by northern abolitionists frightened the South.
Republican president during the Civil War, assassinated, 10% plan for reconstruction of the nation
Confederate States of America, An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
Part of the Presidential reconstruction, democrat (1865-1867) vice president who becomes president, uses Lincoln's 10% plan and throws in a state's rights twist
Ulysses S. Grant
18th U.S. president 1873-1877. Military hero of the Civil War, he led a corrupt administration, consisting of friends and relatives. Although Grant was personally a very honest and moral man, his administration was considered the most corrupt the U.S. had had at that time.
Frederick Jackson Turner
Frontier Thesis. American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into. The frontier provided a place for homeless and solved social problems.
"Scientific Management," time-motion studies, "efficiency"- regulate speed of work, no longer need to be skilled workers
Took photos of child laborers and showed them throughout the country. The pictures revealed young boys and girls working in clothing factories.
Booker T. Washington
"Accommodationist," Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."
"Integrationist/Assimilationist," black intellectual who challenged Booker T. Washington's ideas on combating Jim Crow; he called for the black community to demand immediate equality and was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
"Separatism:" Universal Negro Improvement Association, "back to Africa" movement, and black nationalism
J. Pierpont Morgan
He was a banker who financed the reorganization of railroads, insurance companies, and banks. He started the United States Steel Corporation.
controlled the steel industry
John D. Rockefeller
formed Standard Oil Trust and made millions while monopolizing the oil industry
Lead the American Federation of Labor in 1886 which is a union of skilled workers trying to protect their status in society and industry
Eugene V. Debs
progressive socialist reformer, Represented the Socialist Party in the 1908 and 1912 elections; high number of votes in the 1912 election made Socialists think that they would win the presidency in 1916
moral reform, social worker and leader in the settlement house movement; she founded Hull House in 1889, which helped improve the lives of poor immigrants in Chicago, and in 1931 shared the Nobel Peace Prize
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
organized Seneca Falls Convention, founded (with Anthony) National Women Suffrage Organization
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
part of the women's movement for gender equality, She wrote Women and Economics(1898) that traced the history of sexual discrimination. Argued that confining women to the domestic sphere had become outdated
Carrie Chapman Catt
president of NAWSA, who led the campaign for woman suffrage during Wilson's administration.
William Jennings Bryan
populist and democratic party candidate in 1896 election, electrifies the nation with his opinions about silver (Cross of Gold speech)
22nd and 24th president, Democrat, Honest and hardworking, fought corruption, vetoed hundreds of wasteful bills, achieved the Interstate Commerce Commission and civil service reform, violent suppression of strikes
Republican president (1897-1901) an overwhelming win, after his election the populace party of farmers fade because crop prices go up and the rain returns
Republican president (1901-1909) "New Nationalism," Trust Buster, Hepburn Act, and big on conservation.
Wins in the election of 1912, believes in the power of govt. to protect citizens and is associated with "New Freedom" etc.
William H. Taft
Republican president (1909-1913) who proves to not be very progressive, he is in the pocket of big business, Roosevelt tries to take back the nomination and ends up creating another party
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Important American Individuals
Compromises and Important Events
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