Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 8: Memory and Cognition
Terms in this set (50)
The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on ...
Which measure of memory assesses the ability to draw information out of storage and into conscious awareness?
Which measure of memory is used on a test that requires matching glossary terms with their correct definition?
Which measure of memory retention assesses the amount of time saved when learning material again?
Getting information into memory
The process of "ENCODING" refers to ...
The process of getting information OUT of memory is called ...
Using different neural networks to simultaneously encode the sights, sounds, and smells of a remembered baseball game best illustrates ...
An information-processing model that views memories as emerging from the simultaneous activation of interconnected neural network is known as ...
Some information in our fleeting ____ is encoded into short-term memory
Highly durable memories can often be retrieved from ___ memory into ___ memory.
The integration of new incoming information with knowledge retrieved from long-term memory involves the activity of ...
Conscious rehearsal of what you just heard a friend tell you requires ...
Encoding that requires attention and conscious awareness is called ...
Memories of FACTS and PERSONAL EVENTS that can be CONSCIOUSLY retrieved
Explicit memories are ...
Automatic processing most clearly occurs without
We encode implicit memories by means of
"Explicit Memory" is also known as ...
"Effortful Processing" most clearly requires ...
Automatic Processing ; Effortful Processing
Implicit memory is to Explicit memory as ___ is to ___.
Procedural memories for well-learned skills such as how to ride a bicycle are typically ___ memories.
The ability to unconsciously process how many times you checked your e-mail during the past 24 hours best illustrates ...
A "Momentary Sensory Memory" of visual stimuli is called ___ memory
A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
"Echoic Memory" refers to ...
George Miller proposed that about seven information bits constitutes the capacity of ___ memory.
A "Mnemonic" is a ...
We are more likely to remember the words "bicycle" "cigarette" "fire" than words "void" "process" "inherent." This best illustrates
It is surprisingly difficult for both children and professional interviewers to reliably separate the children's true memories from false memories
Research on young children's false eyewitness recollections has indicated that ...
In other words, All of the Above
Which techniques were used by professional therapists are likely to promote false memories in some patients?
By consciously rehearsing in many separate study sessions over the semester the facts you need to learn, you are most clearly taking advantage of ...
People should avoid back-to-back study times for learning Spanish and French vocabulary in order to minimize ...
During sleep, the brain consolidates information into ___ memory.
After hearing a list of items, peoples' immediate recall of the items is more likely to show a ___ effect than is their later recall of the items.
The inability to retrieve information learned in the past
Our inability to remember information presented in the seconds just before we fall asleep
The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of previously learned information
Broken glass at the scene of the accident
In the study lead by Elizabeth Loftus, two groups of observers were asked how fast two cars had been going in a filmed traffic accident. Observers who heard the vividly descriptive word, "smashed" in relation to the accident later recalled ...
The Misinformation Effect
After reading a newspaper report suggesting that drunken driving might have contributed to a recent auto accident, several people who actually witnessed the accident began to remember the driver involved as traveling more recklessly than was actually the case. This provides an example of ...
False memories of imagined events are more often recalled as something that really happened
Research on memory construction indicates that ...
Eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation of event
Deja Vu refers to the
Overestimate ; Underestimate
Dating partners who fall in love tend to ___ how much they liked each other when they first met. Dating partners who break up tend to ___ how much they liked each other when they first met.
A flashbulb memory would typically be a ...
The increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formation is known as ...
Which of the following has been tested for use as a memory-blocking drug?
After hearing a sound of an ambulance, you may be momentarily predisposed to interpret a friend's brief coughing spell as a symptom of serious illness
The Serial Position Effect
The tendency to recall the first and last items in a list better than the middle items
The process in which memories registered in the hippocampus are transferred for long-term storage to other regions of the brain
A goodnight's sleep is most likely to improve exam grades by supporting the process of ...
A lack of conscious memories of your first three years of life best illustrates ...
After watching a happy film, patients happy emotion persisted even though they could not consciously recall the film. These patients had suffered damage to the ...
The "Basal Ganglia" most clearly facilitate the processing of ...
Sets found in the same folder
Memory AP PSYCH
General Psychology/Test 5
Module 13 psychology
Psychology Chapter 5
Other sets by this creator
Ballet Vocabulary 12.11.17
Chapter 14: Personality Theories
Chapter 13: Social Psychology
Chapter 12: Emotions, Stress, and Health
Explain how psychologists try to avoid the self-fulfilling prophecy.
What was Freud’s strategy in treating Rat Man?
Which of the following illustrates a heuristic? a. Calculating the area of a rectangle by multiplying the length times the width. b. Using news reports of corporate fraud to estimate how much business fraud occurs in American business. c. Looking in each room of your home to find your sleeping cat. d. Following a new recipe to bake a cake for your friend. e. Trying every key on your mom’s key ring until you find the one that unlocks the seldom-used storeroom in the basement.
How does a self-fulfilling prophecy present a problem for researchers?
Recommended textbook solutions
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Elliot Aronson, Robin M. Akert, Samuel R. Sommers, Timothy D. Wilson
Essentials of Psychology
Jeffrey S. Nevid
Other Quizlet sets
PSY- unit 3
Psyc 1100 Chp 8
General Psychology Chapter 8
psych terms unit 3
a person finds that more is learned when the to-be-memorized info is elaborated upon than if it is simply repeated. The difference is captured by which theoretical framework?
One problem-solving difficulty involves thinking about objects only in terms of their typical uses, which is a phenomenon called
What is the "pop out effect?"
Although you might imagine a life without pain to be attractive, why would the cessation of pain be harmful?