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Controls thought, memory and the senses.

Longitudinal Fissure

A deep cleft separating the two hemispheres of the cerebrum

Cerebral Cortex

sheet of neural tissue that is outermost to the cerebrum of the mammalian brain

Olfactory Lobes

sense of smell

Corpus Callosum

facilitates communication between the two hemispheres


carries signals from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies and septal nuclei

Third Ventricle

filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It is in the midline, between the left and right lateral ventricles

Fourth Ventricle

extends from the cerebral aqueduct (aqueduct of Sylvius) to the obex, and is filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)


part of the forebrain that contains such important structures as the thalamus, hypothalamus and the posterior portion of the pituitary gland

Optic Chiasma

part of the brain where the optic nerves partially cross

Pineal Gland

produces melatonin

Pituitary Gland

secretes hormones regulating homeostasis


controls the visual and auditory systems as well as eye movement


processes input to provide precise timing for coordinated, smooth movements of the skeletal muscular system


receives input from the middle ears and regulates balance

Arbor vitae

cerebellar white matter, brings sensory and motor information to and from the cerebellum


relay signals from the cerebrum to the cerebellum

Medulla Oblongata

contains the cardiac, respiratory, vomiting and vasomotor centers and deals with autonomic functions

Trigeminal Nerve

the nerve which transmits information on facial sensation

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