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History Final (1950s-1980s)
Terms in this set (62)
sets a term limit for election and overall time of service to the office of President of the United States. Congress passed the amendment on March 21, 1947
Baby boomers are the demographic group born during the post-World War II baby boom, approximately between the years 1946 and 1964.
a young person in the 1950s and early 1960s belonging to a subculture associated with the beat generation
Brown vs. Board of Education
landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Central Intelligence Agency-CIA
a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information
a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad. A component of the Cold War
an ambitious set of proposals put forward by U.S. President Harry S. Truman to Congress in his January 1949 State of the Union address.
House on Un-American Activities-HUAC
was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
Interstate Highway Act
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956.
Senator McCarthy spent almost five years trying in vain to expose communists and other left-wing "loyalty risks" in the U.S. government. He had no real info.
the name of seven large suburban developments created in the United States of America by William Levitt and his company Levitt & Sons.
Little Rock/Central High School
nine black students enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957, testing a landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People-NAACP
is a civil rights organization founded in 1909 to fight prejudice, lynching, and Jim Crow segregation, and to work for the betterment of "people of color."
the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.
Harry S. Truman was an American politician who served as the 33rd President of the United States, assuming the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt during the waning months of World War II.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American politician and Army general who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961
Southern Christian Leadership Council-SCLC
is an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Martin Luther King Jr, had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Congress of Racial Equality-CORE
an African-American civil rights organization in the United States that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Founded in 1942, CORE was one of the "Big Four" civil rights organizations, along with the SCLC, the SNCC, and the NAACP.
The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission, was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson through Executive Order 11130 on November 29, 1963 to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963
a domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs.
National Aeronautical and Space Administration-NASA
was started in 1958 as a part of the United States government. NASA is in charge of U.S. science and technology that has to do with airplanes or space.
a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.
Medicare is a federal program that provides health coverage if you are 65 or older or have a severe disability, no matter your income. Medicaid is a state and federal program that provides health coverage if you have a very low income.
a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes providing technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture
Civil Rights Act of 1964
a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law passed at the time of the civil rights movement. It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people.
John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
was an American jurist and politician, who served as the 30th Governor of California (1943-1953) and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (1953-1969).
Lyndon B. Johnson
often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy from 1961 to 1963.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee-SNCC
was one of the most important organizations of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a student meeting organized by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.
An African-American political leader of the twentieth century. A prominent Black Muslim, Malcolm X explained the group's viewpoint in a book written by Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. He was assassinated in 1965.
Richard Milhous Nixon was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974, when he became the only U.S. president to resign from office.
Watergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States
The American Indian Movement (AIM) is an American Indian advocacy group in the United States
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty-SALT I Treaty
The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Whip Inflation Now-WIN
an attempt to spur a grassroots movement to combat inflation by encouraging personal savings and disciplined spending habits
18 to vote
Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years in order to challenge the non-enforcement
National Organization for Women-NOW
feminist organization founded in 1966
Students for a Democratic Society-SDS
student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main representations of the New Left.
Environmental Protection Agency-EPA
created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment
feminist, journalist, and social and political activist, who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the feminist movement in the late 1960s
American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962.
The Woodstock Music & Art Fair—informally, the Woodstock Festival or simply Woodstock—was a music festival attracting an audience of over 400,000 people,
a person who for reasons of conscience objects to serving in the armed forces
Kent State University
In May 1970, students protesting the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces, clashed with Ohio National Guardsmen on the Kent State University campus
a way of life and set of attitudes opposed to or at variance with the prevailing social norm.
political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African descent.
Trinidadian-American who became a prominent figure in the Civil Rights Movement and the global Pan-African movement
Gulf of Tonkin
The Gulf of Tonkin incident, also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the United States more directly into the Vietnam War.
My Lai Massacre
The My Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968.
Ho Chi Mihn
He led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam
The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. (Keora)
The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty-SALT 1 and 2
were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of armament control
persistent high inflation combined with high unemployment and stagnant demand in a country's economy.
Oil Producing Exporting Countries of the world-OPEC
venezuela and Iran took the earliest steps in the direction of OPEC, by inviting Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to improve communication among petroleum-exporting nations as the world recovered from World War II.
Iran Hostage Crisis
diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for 444 days
Three Mile Island
a partial nuclear meltdown that occurred on March 28, 1979, in reactor number 2 of Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania,
Roe v. Wade
Abortion becoms legal for women and enhances womens feminist movt.
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