31 terms

2015 Literary Elements Review Burke

STUDY
PLAY
theme
Central idea(s) in a piece of literature. Author's message.
style
Way or method the author uses to tell the story. Many author's have a certain ________.
genre
The type of literary writing. Some novels are fiction, non-fiction, mystery, romance.
plot
The events that take place; how the story unfolds; what happens in the story.
exposition (introduction)
The story's beginning where characters, setting, mood, and point of view are introduced.
characters
The people in the story are called _____.
protagonist
The main character--often the "good guy."
antagonist
The person or thing against the main character.
characterization
The author uses what people say about them, what the characters say, themselves, and what the narrator says to depict a character.
setting
The place AND time of the story.
mood (tone)
The feeling the AUTHOR CREATES for the reader.
point of view
The way in which the story is told; who is telling it. it includes various types of narrators.
first person
The author uses "I" or "we" or "us" to create this narrator's voice.
third person
The author uses "he" or "she" or "it" to create this narrator's voice.
omniscient
The all-knowing narrator who reveals the thoughts / feelings of more than one character.
limited
The author tells the thoughts / feelings of one character.
rising action
The events that lead to the climax of the story, includes the CONFLICT (90% of the story) where author builds suspense.
conflict
The problems that occur between two characters or opposing forces.
internal
When the conflict is vs. himself/herself.
external
When the conflict is vs. an outside force.
man vs man
When the conflict is between TWO CHARACTERS; external.
man vs nature
The conflict is between a character and a force of (___), like snow or rain or wind; external.
man vs supernatural
The conflict is between a character a a force larger than life, such as a god; external.
man vs society
The conflict is between a character and a whole town/county; external.
man vs technology
The conflict is between a character and something like a computer, TV; external.
man vs self
The conflict is between a character and their inner thoughts; the only internal.
climax
The point of highest suspense in the story where the major CONFLICT reaches a peak; Tension builds up to this point. Story takes a turn here.
falling action
The few events that happen after the climax; 10% of the story.
resolution
How the author's story resolves the driving conflict.
second person
The author uses "you" or "you" (all) or "you" understood to create this narrator's voice.
fiction
All of the stories we have read in this unit, even those that may have been inspired by a real event (like something YOU saw on the news), are in this GENRE. (Note: To know if a story is true or not, you would have to do research AND it could not be in this category.)