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Central idea(s) in a piece of literature. Author's message.


Way or method the author uses to tell the story. Many author's have a certain ________.


The type of literary writing. Some novels are fiction, non-fiction, mystery, romance.


The events that take place; how the story unfolds; what happens in the story.

exposition (introduction)

The story's beginning where characters, setting, mood, and point of view are introduced.


The people in the story are called _____.


The main character--often the "good guy."


The person or thing against the main character.


The author uses what people say about them, what the characters say, themselves, and what the narrator says to depict a character.


The place AND time of the story.

mood (tone)

The feeling the AUTHOR CREATES for the reader.

point of view

The way in which the story is told; who is telling it. it includes various types of narrators.

first person

The author uses "I" or "we" or "us" to create this narrator's voice.

third person

The author uses "he" or "she" or "it" to create this narrator's voice.


The all-knowing narrator who reveals the thoughts / feelings of more than one character.


The author tells the thoughts / feelings of one character.

rising action

The events that lead to the climax of the story, includes the CONFLICT (90% of the story) where author builds suspense.


The problems that occur between two characters or opposing forces.


When the conflict is vs. himself/herself.


When the conflict is vs. an outside force.

man vs man

When the conflict is between TWO CHARACTERS; external.

man vs nature

The conflict is between a character and a force of (___), like snow or rain or wind; external.

man vs supernatural

The conflict is between a character a a force larger than life, such as a god; external.

man vs society

The conflict is between a character and a whole town/county; external.

man vs technology

The conflict is between a character and something like a computer, TV; external.

man vs self

The conflict is between a character and their inner thoughts; the only internal.


The point of highest suspense in the story where the major CONFLICT reaches a peak; Tension builds up to this point. Story takes a turn here.

falling action

The few events that happen after the climax; 10% of the story.


How the author's story resolves the driving conflict.

second person

The author uses "you" or "you" (all) or "you" understood to create this narrator's voice.

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