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Bales Semester Test 5/20/17
Terms in this set (100)
what was the Agricultural Revolution and what caused it?
Technological improvement in crop productivity
Why did Native American groups in North America develop distinct cultures?
Climate and geography
What was the name of the colonial system the Spanish created in which land owners received grants from the king?
what was the Middle Passage?
triangular trade where africans were shipped to
What was the main goal of Spanish explores of North America?
for them to return with gold or land
what country founded New York colony?
new netherland under the dutch rule
How did the economies of the nourthern and southern American colonies differ in the late 1700s?
north- manufacturing and trade
what is "salutary neglect"?
avoiding law enforcement
what was the French and Indian War?
7 year war between britian and france
What did the Navigations Acts do?
tightened goverment control over trade between England, the colonies and the world
What strong ideals did the Declaration of Independence express?
liberty and pursuit of happiness
What does this statemwnt by Benjamin Fraklin mean?
"We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang seperately"
if we dont support each eother we are armed
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a significant event in the Revolutionary war?
it was a crucial victory
what were the Federalist Papers?
letters written to newspapper urgin ratification
What branch of goverment has the power to make laws?
What part of the constitution gives us religious freedom?
the first goverment
What was the Louisiana Purchase?
purchace of lousiana territory from france
What made election 1800 unique?
jefferson won over adams
Why was the cotton gin important?
make harvest easier
What was the Underground Railroad?
african american escape routes
what was the significance of the Missouri Compromise?
let one free slate and one slave state join
What was Impressement?
forcibly including into military service
What was the Second Great Awakening?
baptist and methodist religiou revival movement
What was nativism?
preserving a culture
Who organized the first women's rights convention in the United States?
lucretia mott elizabeth stanton
Why did people migrate on the Oregon Trail?
land or gold
How did Mexican officials veiw the Unite States annexation of Texas?
veiwed it as theft
What is manifest destiny?
manifest destiny, settlers were destentoepton
Why did Abraham Lincoln win he election of 1860?
national crisis, first republican freed slaves
What was the Dred Scott case?
labor law and constitution law
What is a free-soiler?
What ended slavery throughout the United States?
What event started the Civil War?
economics of slavery and political control
Why is the Battle of Gettysburg significant?
wars turning point
Which side of the Civil War lost the most lives?
the union 110,000 killed
What is a scalawag?
southern whiles who supptorted reconstruction
What was the goal of the terorist groups after the Civil War?
KKK, to rid the world of a race that thy think wasn't "needed"
What caused the conflict between the landless cattle ranchers and the farmers?
farmers fenced off their land made cattle drives impossible
What did the Plains Indians depend on for their food, shelter, and clothing?
What destroyed the traditional Native American ways of life?
gold founded california, gold rush
What change characterized the Second Industrial Revolution?
replacement of steam water power with electical power
What is capitalism?
ecomonic system based on private ownership
What was the populist Party?
conservate white nationalistic; KKK davia Duke
Who would say immigrants should be sent home?
Who wanted African Americans to strive for full rights immediatley?
Who invented the light bulb?
Why was the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire a landmark in harbor history?
Opened the nations eyes to poor working convitions
In the late 1800s, what motivated the United States to claim territories abroad?
the U.S. was eager to find new mlitary weapons
How did the liquor industry and church leaders feel about women's right to vote?
they didn't agree with women voting
Why did Theodore Roosevelt create the United States Service and the National Park Service?
he wanted to hunt and conserves ranks
How did the United States gain trading rights in china?
they initialed the open door policy
Why did the United States renew its commitment to support the Monroe Doctrine with military force after the Spanish-American War?
renew its conmitment in order to protect its intrest
Why did President Roosevelt want to build the Panama Canal?
the canal was a big business industry; navy=power
In the late 1800s, and the early 1900s, why did many European leaders want to form alliances?
defend against enemy attack
Who were the Allied Powers of WW1?
Greul britian, france, italy and russian
What were the important political outcomes of WW1?
starts socialists revolution, brought russian revolution of 1917
Soldiers returning from WW1 brought what disease back to the United States causing an epidemic that swept the county in 1918?
How was Henry Ford able to build cars that the average American could afford?
he had an assembly line and mass producted parts
What was the Tepot Dome scandal?
What caused the KKK to grow dramatically in the 1920s?
the Klan was a way for poeple to express their territory
swing, vocals, notes
How did Americans' behavior in regard to the stock market change in the early and mid 1920s?
all americans became investegators, stock prices rose
Whose key slogna was "Bacl to Africa?"
What measured did the industrialized nations around the world take after the 1929 stock market crash?
protect themsleves by passing high tariffs
Why did many Americans attack President Hoover during the Great Depression?
he refused to give goverment handouts during the deppression
What were the three main goal of the New Deal?
relief, recovery, and reform
In 1937 what misstep caused President Franklin D. Roosevelt to lose the support of some people within his own party and many people in the general public?
What were the theories of John Maynard Keynes?
What may have encouraged Adolf Hitler to begin taking control of neighboring countries in the 1930s?
league of nations didn't fight to preotect the land
Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
they intended to destroy important american fleets
During WW@. what was the primary purpose of Operation Overlord?
to launch the invasiopn into western europe
During WW2, why did American women take industrial jobs?
becaus eall of the men were overseas fighting
What was the ultimate goal of the Nazi's Final Solution?
to annialate the jewish population in germany
Why was much of the spending that focused on the domestic programs during the Depression shifted to something else?
becuase our country was poor
Why was the U.S. willing to send hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Greece and Turkey in 1947?
policy makers believed it would help them resisit soviet pressure
What effect Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain speech have on the tensions of the Cold WAr?
statrted the war but called for post war relation
Why was Joseph McCarthy able to wage a successful anti-communist campaign?
americans were looking for someone to blame
What was brinkmanship?
the art or practice of pursuing a dangeroius policy to the limits of saftey
Why did Sputnik concern Americans?
the success of sputnik had a major impact on th ecol war and the U.S,
What most likely caused the American population shift from cities to suburbia in the 1950s?
as the suburbs grew, more and more of the middle classes abondoned the cities
Who killed President John F. Kennedy?
What kind of society did President Lyndon B. Johnson envision when he created the great Society programs?
end to prevent and racial justice
What was the result of Brown vs. Board of Education?
end of discrimination in schools
Why was the tactic of nonviolence so successful in achieving change?
the violence response provoked moral outrage
Which civil rights movement leader led the successful Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott and became head of the Sourthern Christian Leadership Conference?
Martin Luther King Jr.
What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ban?
What is the Domino theory?
the idea a communist contury would change surroundings
What led to the founding of the Vietcong?
Ngu Dinh Diem's regement support from north vietnam
What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?
that the U.S. gave France money during the Cold War
What were the goals of the AMerican Indian Movement?
to allow Natives to return to the cultural traditions
Which goal of the women's movement sparked a debate that continues to this day?
that women should be treated equal
What was the Free Speech Movement?
a Stuaen protest on college campases
Why were Americans outraged by the Saturday night massacre?
becasue nixons actions challenged the constitution
What was Shuttle diplomacy?
the action of an outside party in serving as an intermediary between (or among) principals in a dispute, without direct principal-to-principal contact.
How did President Carter respond to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
blocked food shipments and boycotted the olympics
Why did so many of the S&Ls go bankrupt?
because people didn't trust banks after the Stock Market crashed
How did President Ronald Reagan earn his nicknames "the Great Commuinicator" and "the Great Persuader?"
because of his many speaches and his ability to be able pursuade
Why did some Critics oppose Nafta?
because it took jobs and a lot of money
What happended on September 11, 2001?
Terrorists acttacked major parts in the U.S. and killed over 3,000 people from 57 countries in just 3 different spots.
Why did U.S. forces attack Iraq in March of 2003?
becasue President George W. Bush and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair claimed the coalition mission was "to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein's support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people."
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