39 terms

AQA GCSE Geography (Human) - Tourism edit

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Why can people have more and longer holidays nowadays?
1. More disposable income
2. Companies give more paid holidays
3. Travel is cheaper
4. Holiday providers use the internet to sell directly, so it is cheaper
Why are some areas becoming more popular than they used to be?
1. Improvements in transport make it quick and easy
2. Unusual destinations have become better at marketing themselves
3. Investments in infrastructure for tourism
Why are cities popular?
Culture, entertainment, shopping. E.g. London, Paris, Rome.
Why are coastal areas popular?
Swimming, snorkelling, fishing, water skiing. E.g Thailand, the Caribbean, Spain.
Why are mountain areas popular?
Scenery, skiing, walking, climbing. E.g the Rockies, the Alps, the Dolomites.
Why is tourism important for the economies of many countries?
1. Creates jobs
2. Increases income for indirect tourist industries e.g. farms that supply food to hotels
How is tourism important to MEDCs and LEDCs?
It is important to both, though poorer countries tend to be more dependent on the income from it. E.g. tourist industry contributes to 3% Uk's GNP and 15% of Kenya's GNP.
What are Honeypot sites?
Very popular tourist destinations.
Define Tourism.
Requiring travel from home and staying away from home for at least one night.
Define International Tourism.
The tourism travels to another country.
Define Domestic Tourism.
The tourist remains in their country of residence.
How many international tourists were there in 2012?
Over 1 billion.
How many holidays is it the social norm to have for people living in MEDCs?
At least one per year.
Tourism is the UK's _____th largest industry.
5
Name 3 factors that affect tourist levels in a country.
1. Weather e.g. wet summer in UK in 2007
2. World economy e.g. in times of recession, international tourism is low
3. Exchange rate
4. Terrorism and conflict e.g. after the London bombings
5. Major social events e.g. Olympic games
Name the 7 stages of the Butler's Model (life cycle model).
Exploration, Involvement, Development, Consolidation, Stagnation, Decline, Rejuvenation
What stage of the Butler's Model is Blackpool at? Explain why.
Rejuvenation. It has attempted to rejuvenate because it has turned outdoor swimming pools into leisure parks and local authority grants have been sent to nearby hotels.
Define Mass Tourism.
Tourism on a large scale to one country or region, which involves a large number of people and has developed because of technological improvement.
What are three negatives of mass tourism?
1. Westernisation of culture e.g. McDonald's
2. Profits made by international hotel chains may go overseas
3. Traffic congestion and air pollution
What are three positives of mass tourism?
1. Increased leisure facilities
2. Promotes conservation of ecosystems
3. May lead to the establishment of national parks and nature reserves
What are some attractions of Antarctica?
Kayaking, walking, wildlife, picturesque scenery, cruises.
When did tourists start visiting Antarctica?
1950 with small scale tourism when commercial shipping began to take a few passengers.
When did the first specially designed cruise ships begin to visit Antarctica?
1969
How many tourists were in Antarctica in 1992-1993?
9,000
How many tourists were in Antarctica in 2007-2008?
46,000
What percentage of Antarctica is ice?
98
How does human interaction affect penguins?
They may abandon eggs and young if they feel endangered by humans.
How is waste from tourist cruise ships managed?
It must be discharged well away from the shore of Antarctica.
How do accidental fuel spills occur in the Antarctic?
Ships hit uncharted ice floes and rocks
What is the IIATO
It directs tourism to be safe and environmentally friendly. All tour operators in the Antarctic must be a member of this.
What are SSSIs (Sites of Special Scientific Interest)?
Areas that tourists in the Antarctic must not visit in order to protect the rare environment and wildlife.
What is the maximum number of passengers that can land on Antarctica on one ship?
500
Define Conservation.
The careful and planned use of resources in order to manage and maintain the natural environment for future generations.
Define Ecotourism.
Environmentally friendly tourism.
Define Stewardship.
The personal responsibility for looking after things, in this case the environment. No one should damage the present or future environment.
What is the fastest expanding tourist sector?
Ecotourism.
What are the characteristics of accommodation for Ecotourism?
No electricity, small, not usually hotels.
How does Ecotourism minimise the use of transport?
Food and tour guides are local.
Why can only certain people go on Ecotourism holidays?
It is expensive.