157 terms

WIS2552 Topics 9-18

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sloths are adapted for a diet of
leaves
the ____ are the only egg-laying mammals
monotremes
otters belong to the same family as the
Fisher
_____ of the following is an odd-toed ungulate
zebra
Mammals all have _____ cervical vertebra
7
About ____% of all mammal species are in the Order Rodentia
40%
____ are the most arboreal Old World Monkeys
Colobus Monkeys
The Virginia Opposum arrived in North America in the
Pliocene
The __ is the sole member of its family
Pronghorn
The classification scheme used by Wilson and Reeder for marsupials, partly emphasizes structure of the
detention
About ___ of the marsupials have a permanent pouch for carrying young
1/2
the Ocelot is found in
Central America
____ of the following is an odd-toed ungulate
Rhinoceros
Meerkats belong to the mongoose family
True
Mammals are characterized by having ___ occipital condyles
2
odd toed ungulates typically have less efficient digestive systems than the even toed ungulates
True
____ families of marsupials occur in australia
15
a capuchin is a species of
New World Monkey
there are ___ surviving species of Order Monotremata
3
Richard Kilitie found a relationship between frequency of forest fires and the ___ of fox squirrels
amount of black fur
modern ___ are thought to be most like the first mammals
insectivores
wilson and reeder classify the marsupials into ___ orders
7
mammals have ___ jaw articulation
dentary-squamosal
___is a rocky semi-desert dweller
Dorcas Gazelle
Schmidt's Spot nosed Guenon is a species of
Old World Monkey
___ families of marsupials occur in Africa
0
the Waterbuck is actually not found in africa, but rather in southeast Asia
False
orangutans are native to
southeast asia
the ___ is a desert dwelling antelope in africa
Addax
wolverines belong tot he same family as the
Fisher
the classification scheme used by wilson and reeder for marsupials partly emphasizes structure of the
foot
mammals all have ___ dentition
heterodont
there are no bears in africa
false
__ of the following is an odd toed ungulate
Tapir
of the following, pigs are most closely related to
deer
the Dingo of australia is actually a marsupial
false
___ families of marsupials occur in South America
3
neanderthals and modern humans did not coexist
false
the Lorises belong to the
Strepsirrhini
of the following groups only the __ have non-opposable thumbs
new world monkeys
the pollex is a technical term for
the thumb
neanderthals were genetically distinct from modern humans
true
an opposable thumb is seen in the
catarrhini
the Strepsirrhini broke off the main primate lineage during the
Cretaceous
members of the genus paranthropus apparently became specialized for a diet of
roots and tubers
the Tarsiers today are limited in distribution to the new world topics
false
Sivapithecus fossils have been found mostly in
India
the ___ uses its specialized third digit to tap on wood to detect insects
aye aye
the haplorrhini are charactized by all species having
dry noses
homo __ gave rise to three lineages
ergaster
neaderthals apparently were adapted for feeding on
large mammals
is now considered to be the oldest member of the human tribe
ardipithecus kadabba
recent discoverises indicate that the limb structure of dryopithescus was similar to that of modern
orangutans
there are roughly ___ species of Marmosets
26
the aye aye is a secretive species of the Strepsirrhini native to the philippines
false
the gibbons are in the same family as humans
false
the gibbons belong to the
catarrhini
the new world monkey group apparently colonized the new world in the
tertiary
the oldest species of ardapithecus dates back more than
5 million years
homo floresiensis fossils were discovered in
indonesia
dryopithecus died out about ___ years ago
8 million
the lemurs belong to the
strepsirrhini
is the oldest species in the genus Homo
habilis
the most recent fossils for neanderthals show that they died out roughly ___ years ago
27,000
the fossil known as "Lucy" was discovered in
Ethiopia
the Platyrrhini includes the new world monkeys and the
Marmosets
Dryopithecus was a fossil ape that inhabited
Spain
the hallux is a technical term for
the big toe
lemurs reach their greatest diversity in madagascar
true
one author hypothesized that neanderthals may have had a gestation period of ___ months
11-12
the fossa forages on
Lemurs
the elephant bird was native to
madagascar
McNabb argued that fligthlessness was common in islands because of
reduced energy expenditures
the Fossa is an ecological replacement for
cats
Sloths and anteaters are toothless
False
Numbats feed almost exclusively on
ants and termites
Pigeons and doves on islands have commonly shifted their diets toward feeding on more
fruit
_____ in the australian zoogeographic region fills the niche of the sloths in the Neotropics
Koala
species that occur in one place and are not known to occur anywhere else are said to be ___ to that area
endemic
Golden moles are found in the ___ Zoogeographic Region
Ethiopian
___ is the main effect of introduced pigs on islands
habitat destruction
about half of all oceanic islands were formed as a result of continental drift
false
the flying foxes are indigenous to the ___ zoogeographic region
Oriental
Islands, in general, are characterized by having
high extinction rates
___ is the first step in adaptive radiation
increase in pop. size
Extinction rates are higher where
area is smaller
there are some scattered grasslands habitats in the oriental zoogeographic region
True
the ___ was essentially a flightless pigeon in the Mascarene Islands
Dodo
flightless cormorants are native to the ___ islands
Galapagos
the Wombats of australia are convergent with ___ of north america
groundhogs
in the 1970s, 12,000 ___ were introduced to washington state from south america for sport hunting
tinamous
the ___ on guam has been implicated as the major agent for extinctions in forest birds
brown tree snake
elephant shrews are found only in the ___ zoogeohraphic region
ethiopian
Atkinson argued that ___ were a major threat to hawaiian forest birds
rats
Darlington observed a relationship between species number and
island area
widow birds are native to the ___ zoogeographic area
ethiopian
___ is an example of a group that has undergone adaptive radiation in islands
darwins finches
the nearctive zoogeographic region shares several groups of birds and mammals with the ___ zoogeographic region
Palearctic
___ came up with the notion of zoogeographic regions
Wallace
on madagascar the ___ is a tree climbing predatory species of the old world weasel family Eupleridae
Fossa
the fairy wrens are native to the ___ zoogeographic region
Australasian
the leafbirds are found in the ___ zoogeographic region
Oriental
tortoises filled the niche of large grazing herbivores
on islands near the equator
zoogeographic regions are based chiefly on
evolutionary history
tortoises survive today in the indian ocean only on the island of
Aldabra
the opposite extreme of a completely random distributional pattern is a completely ___ pattern
nested
if the bird fauna in a series of fragments is nested then the mammals and flowering plants would also have to be nested
False
of the following, ___ is an example of a species that is endangered by road in Florida
black bear
smaller fragments of habitat might not support a species because there is
not enough food
the idea that corridors could serve as landscape linkages came from
Harris
Bolger and his team did not explicitly test the degree of isolation ofa fragment age was important
True
Bolger and his team found that the effect of reducing area of habitat was
greater in fragments
Bolger and colleagues tested the notion that a pattern of nestedness might be due simply to
sampling
since the construction of tunnels under Alligator Alley there have been ___ panther mortalities due to vehicle collisions along this road
0
smaller fragments tend to have relatively more ___, which can increase predation pressure
edge
land managers cleared pinyon-juniper woodland in the Piceance Basin using
chaining and burning
the most vehicle cause black bear deaths in florida have occurred in the
ocala national forest
because of the impact of roads on certain species, the FWC ad DOT
built tunnels under some roads
the chief predators of small woodlands birds in the Piceance Basin are
hawks
in a completely nested pattern all the three species fragments would have
the same 3 species
once the pinyon juniper woodland was cleared the areas were seeded with
crested wheatgrass
between 1976 and 2004 about ___ bears were killed on florida roads
1356
the Piceance Basin is in
western colorado
Neotropical migrants are all passerine birds
False
in a completely nested fauna, the best strategy would be to protect
as single large area
Bolger and his colleagues studied the distribution of ___ in chaparral fragments and plots
birds
in the Piceance Basin, some birds species of the pinyon juniper woodland would not cross even the smallest cleared areas
True
according to long's book on introduced birds the highest number of bird species has been introduced to
Hawaii
the __ was introduced from eurasia to the great lakes where it has been...
Quagga Mussel
the eurasian collared dove came to the US when it was intentionally introduced to central park in new york city
False
___ were introduced to cane fields in australia to control cane grubs
Cane Toads
Green Crabs were introduced to the US from
europe
the only surviving wild population of one humped camels occurs in
australia
Zebra mussels may concentrate toxins in their tissues that ultimately poison certain species of
diving ducks
according to Leveer's book on naturalized mammals the highest number of mammal species has been introduced to
New Zealand
english colonists introduced ___ into Lake Victoria
Nile Perch
Green Crabs were first reported on the west coast of the US in
1989
colonists from ___ brought House Sparrows to hawaii
england
ladybird beetles were introduced to ___ to control a leaf scale insect that was destroying native cedar trees
Bermuda
the Red-billed Leiothrix was introduced to hawaii from
china
the majority of introduced bird species are invasive and spread great distances from their point of introduction
False
the Hui Manu was an Acclimatization society in
Hawaii
according to an ohio state university report __ once were commonly introduced to the US in bunches of banas
tarantulas
___ is an example of a mammal introduced to control rats in cane fields
small indian mongoose
as many as 38 species of passerine birds were released in tahiti
for aesthetic reasons
the eurasian collared dove spread over Europe after it was introduced to
Turkey
___ were introduced to Laysan Island to produce a food supply for future visitors to the islands
Guinea pigs
Burmese pythons in everglades national park were likely introduced by
private citizens
Zebra mussels were first seen in the US in __ in 1988
Lake St. Clair
Sea Lampreys invaded the Great Lakes following
construction of canals
according to a book by Meshake, there are __ species of introduced geckos in florida
13
according to Moulton there are fewer examples of introductions to Ldc's than Mdc's
true
according to michael huston species from ___ seem to dominate the invasion process
eurasia
as many as 11 species of deer have ben introdced to ___ for recreational hunting
new zealand
___ were introduced to Bermuda to control introduced Anolis lizards
Great Kiskadees
a Dinoflagllate species that causes red tides were introduced to ___ ships ballast
Tasmania
the ___ is a small (3inches in length) introduced species that eats the same foods as several native north american crabs
Asian Shore Crab
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