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30 terms

APUSH Ch 35 terms

Workbook Sections C & D
STUDY
PLAY
London Conference
International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR
Philippines
Nation to which the U.S. promised independence in the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's repudiation of Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, stating his intention to work cooperatively with Latin American nations
Neutrality Acts
A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930's that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars
Spanish Civil War
Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Francisco Franco and the Loyalist government that severely tested U. S. Neutrality legislation
Quarantine Speech
Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong U.S. measures against overseas aggressors
Munich Conference
European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France conceded to Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia
Appeasement
Term for the British-French policy of attempting to prevent war by granting German demands
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Leading U.S. group advocating American support for Britain in the the fight against Hitler
America First Committee
Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvement with the European war
Lend-Lease Law
Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain
Soviet Union (Russia)
Communist nation invaded by Hitler in June 1941 that was also aided by American lend-lease
Atlantic Charter
U.S - British agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new international organization for peace
Reuben James
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men.
Pearl Harbor
Major American Pacific naval base devastated in a surprise attack in December 1941
Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the U.S. to abandon its neutrality
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Francisco Franco
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Ethiopia
African nation invaded by an Italian dictator in 1935
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
Poland
East European nation whose September 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the U.S. closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A. Lindbergh
One of the leaders of the "America First" organization and a chief spokesperson for U.S. isolationism.
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Winston Churchill
Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Iceland
North Atlantic nation near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Hawaii
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the U.S.