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Free Verse

unrhymed poetry with lines of varying lengths containing no specific metrical pattern.


A type of comedy based on a humorous situation. Only this situation provides humor, not the characters nor the clever plot lines.


A mild word or phrase which substitutes for another which would be undesirable because it is too direct, unpleasant or offensive.


A brief quotation which appears at the beginning of a literary work.

concrete poetry

A poem that visually resembles something found in the physical world.


A subdivision of an epic poem. (aka a chapter)

Blank Verse

A poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.


A story in poetic form, often about tragic love and usually sung.


A figure of speech where in the speaker speaks directly to something nonhuman.


A comparison between two similar things. In literature, a work with resembles another work either fully or in part.


A statement which can contain two or more meanings.


A reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work. The bible is the most common text referenced.


Used for poetic effect, a repetition if initial sounds of several words in a group.


A story illustrating an idea or a moral principle in which objects take on a symbolic meaning.


In poetry, a metrical pattern consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.


In poetry, a metrical patter consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.


A deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses or paragraphs.

Anaphoric reference

A reference backwards in the text. A personal pronoun has anaphoric reference because you have to look back at the text to see what the pronoun is referencing.


Inversion of the normal syntactic order of words. EX: To market she went.


The usage of any object or situation as it was originally made.


A stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses: Veni, Vidi, Vici, I came, I saw, I conquered.


A type of rhetoric in which the second part the syntactically balanced against the first part.


The use of a longer phrase in place of a possible shorter from the expression.


A person, scene, event or other elements in literature that fails to correspond with the time of the era in which the work is set.


The works considered most important in a national literature or period.


A term that describes a line of poetry that ends with a natural pause, often indicate by a mark of punctuation.

End Stop

A sentence containing a deliberate omission of words.

Elliptical construction

As distinguished from Apollonian, the word refers to sensual, pleasure seeking impulses.


A cleansing of the spirit brought about by pity and terror of dramatic comedy.


Inflated, pretentious language used for trivial subjects.


The use of insincere or overdone sentimentality.


A saying or proverb containing truth based on an experience and often crouched in metaphorical language.


A poet


An abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship research.

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