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AP Lit Terms
unrhymed poetry with lines of varying lengths containing no specific metrical pattern.
A type of comedy based on a humorous situation. Only this situation provides humor, not the characters nor the clever plot lines.
A mild word or phrase which substitutes for another which would be undesirable because it is too direct, unpleasant or offensive.
A brief quotation which appears at the beginning of a literary work.
A poem that visually resembles something found in the physical world.
A subdivision of an epic poem. (aka a chapter)
A poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
A story in poetic form, often about tragic love and usually sung.
A figure of speech where in the speaker speaks directly to something nonhuman.
A comparison between two similar things. In literature, a work with resembles another work either fully or in part.
A statement which can contain two or more meanings.
A reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work. The bible is the most common text referenced.
Used for poetic effect, a repetition if initial sounds of several words in a group.
A story illustrating an idea or a moral principle in which objects take on a symbolic meaning.
In poetry, a metrical pattern consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.
In poetry, a metrical patter consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.
A deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses or paragraphs.
A reference backwards in the text. A personal pronoun has anaphoric reference because you have to look back at the text to see what the pronoun is referencing.
Inversion of the normal syntactic order of words. EX: To market she went.
The usage of any object or situation as it was originally made.
A stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses: Veni, Vidi, Vici, I came, I saw, I conquered.
A type of rhetoric in which the second part the syntactically balanced against the first part.
The use of a longer phrase in place of a possible shorter from the expression.
A person, scene, event or other elements in literature that fails to correspond with the time of the era in which the work is set.
The works considered most important in a national literature or period.
A term that describes a line of poetry that ends with a natural pause, often indicate by a mark of punctuation.
A sentence containing a deliberate omission of words.
As distinguished from Apollonian, the word refers to sensual, pleasure seeking impulses.
A cleansing of the spirit brought about by pity and terror of dramatic comedy.
Inflated, pretentious language used for trivial subjects.
The use of insincere or overdone sentimentality.
A saying or proverb containing truth based on an experience and often crouched in metaphorical language.
An abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship research.