Supreme Court Decisions Huston APUSH

Terms in this set (50)

National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (NIRA) authorized the President to set "codes of fair competition," regulating certain facets of interstate commerce. The Schechter Poultry Corp. bought, slaughtered, and sold chickens only in New York State, although some of the chickens were purchased from other states. Schechter was indicted for disobeying the "live poultry code," one of the codes of fair competition. The government alleged that Schechter failed to observe minimum wage and hour provisions, permitted customers to select individual chickens from particular coops and half-coops, sold unfit and uninspected chickens, and made false reports. Schechter appealed his conviction.
Issue
Whether the National Industrial Recovery Act, which gave the President the authority to regulate certain aspects of commerce during the Depression, was an unconstitutional delegation of presidential power.
Opinion
The Supreme Court of the United States, in a unanimous decision, held that the delegation of power made by the NIRA was unconstitutional. The Court held that Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce, not the President, and that Congress cannot delegate legislative power to the President. Even the extraordinary conditions of the Depression were not enough for the Court to allow the President to have more power than the Constitution gave him. Schechter's conviction was reversed because its business indirectly affected interstate commerce. The NIRA was declared unconstitutional because it exceeded the commerce power that had been given to Congress by the Constitution.; 1935; executive powers
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