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ACIDS AND BASES
Terms in this set (18)
1.does not feel slippery
3. make blue litmus paper turn red
4. releases hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solutions
5. taste sour
6. have a pH below 7
7. react with most metals producing hydrogen gas
1. feel slippery
2. do not corrode metals
3. make litmus paper turn blue
4. release hydroxide ions (OH-) in aqueous solution
5. taste bitter
6. have a pH above 7
7. do not react with metals to produce a compound and hydrogen gas
What substances in water make acids acidic and bases alkaline?
All aqueous solutions have H1+ ions and OH1- ions. When the quantities of these ions are equal the solution is neutral since the H1+ ions and OH1- ions combine to form H2O.
The greater the excess of H1+ the more
acidic the substance.
The greater the excess of OH1- the more
more basic the substance.
A scale has been established to measure the quantities of H1+ and OH1- in a aqueous solution. This scale is called
A neutral substance with a pH of 7 has equal quantities of
of H1+ and OH1-
An acidic substance has a pH
A basic substance has a pH
process in which acids dissolve metals in the soil
rain containing nitric and sulfuric acids
rain that contains more acid than normal
Conversion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides to acids that return to Earth as rain, snow, or fog and has a pH less than 5/
a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
weak acid and weak base
A base that does not dissociate completely into ions in solution.
an indicator paper that turns red in an acid and blue in a base
measures how acidic or basic a substance is
What reacts with metals?
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