Create an account
the process of adjusting different elements of the vocal tract to shape the sounds of speech.
elements of the vocal tract that are not moveable; teeth, hard palate, and nasal bones.
elements of the vocal tract that are moveable; lips, tongue, soft palate, pharynx walls, and buccae.
facial muscles; called mimetic because they convey meaning in speech through "mimes" and also function to shape the oral and nasal cavities.
anterior faucial pillar
membrane that sperates the oral cavity from the pharynx; palatoglossus muscle
clear, thick, viscous fluid that lubricates the joint (prevents contact between bones)
air spaces that develop during puberty; lighten bone, PCCE/mucous. Frontal, Maxillary, Spenoid, Ethmoid, Palatine(occasionally)
space between the anterior and posterior nares (chocine); vestibule is anterior-most portion
space that extends from the internal nares to the esophagus, common space shared by digestive and respiratory systems
stretch receptors in the esophagus activate smooth muscle that squeezes food to stomach. involuntary phase
stretch receptors in the pharynx are stimulated and signal the swallowing center to stimulate pharyngeal muscles. Pharyngeal muscles contract and propel food to the esophagus. involuntary phase
lymphatic tissue formed by connective tissue covering filled with lymphocytes; helps with immunity againest pathogens at important entry points for infections.
refining motor control in muscle movements for tongue placement, reaching for toys, etc.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together