1.Growth (child)-4-13. Fantasy, interests, and capacities. They progress through these substages by using their innate sense of curiosity, first to engage in occupational fantasies, and then, through exploring their environment. Their curiosity leads them to acquire information about work and about their own interests and capacities.
2.Exploration (adolescence)-l4-24. Crystallizing, specifying, implementing. Crystallizing an occupational preference requires people to clarify the type of work they would enjoy. Specifying occupational preferences requires the ability to make decisions by choosing from among the occupations being considered. Implementing requires taking action toward getting started in one's chosen occupational field.
3.Establishment (early adulthood)-25-45. Stabilizing, consolidating, and advancing. Stabilizing begins immediately after entering an occupation as one evaluates whether the occupational preference one has implemented provides adequate opportunity for self-concept expression. As one becomes more stabilized in an occupation, he or she turns attention away from questioning whether the choice was a good one and begins to focus on being a dependable producer and developing a positive reputation in the occupation (consolidating). Focusing on becoming a dependable producer often leads to the opportunity to move into a position of higher pay and responsibility (advancing).
4.Maintenance (middle adulthood)-45-65. Holding, updating, and innovating. Many people are confronted with the choice of either keeping up with the advancements in their field to maintain or improve their level of performance or opting for a chance in occupational fields.
5.Disengagement (late adulthood)-65+. Decelerating, retirement planning, retirement living.