literary terms final
Terms in this set (60)
accepted, classic works and of fictional literature
-Long narrative poem, often written about a hero or heroine
-Epic theatre, Films, Music, Novels, Plays, Television shows, and Video games
recurring symbols, concepts, and motifs in a literary work, help to shape a literary work, enhance the universal themes in a piece, a very typical example of a person, place, or thing
born into greatness; larger than life, but has normal human characteristics; typically a male; in a different class of men based on skill, strength, and courage; main focus is dangerous activity (battle); birth is unusual, supernatural abilities; some event leads to adventure or quest; nature of quest suggests it taps into human desires; he is tested and must prove himself on the quest; has divine or supernatural help; cycle reaches low point, hero nearly gives up, fells defeated; resurrection, regains rightful place on throne
protagonist on a literal or figurative journey often from childhood to adulthood, innocence to experience
process by which writer reveals the personality of a character
conversation between two or more characters in piece of writing
refers to reasons that underlie behavior that is characterized by willingness and volition
The subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic
Is an idea that applies to anyone regardless of cultural differences, or geographic location; connect ideas across all disciplines. It is a central idea about the human condition. It is a generalization about life or human nature; they deal with basic human concerns
A story originating in popular culture, typically passed on by word of mouth; storytellers add their own personal touches to entertain listeners and to teach a moral, or lesson. Myths, tall tales, legends, fables, and fairy tales
about two things: the content of a story and the form used to tell the story; 2 common ways to describe these two parts are story and plot. Story refers to the raw materials of dramatic action as they might be described in chronological order
point of view
angle of considering things, which shows us the opinion, or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation.
teaches a lesson or a moral, Works often have morals to impart or are written to teach us something about religion, philosophy, history, or politics.
restatement of the main points of something, Give a brief statement of the main points of (something)
to put something into your own words/to reword something, Express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity.
Is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated
Is a statement of truth or opinion expressed in a concise and witty manner. The term is often applied to philosophical, moral and literary principles.
giving a non human object human like qualities, Is a figure of speech where human qualities are given to animals, objects or ideas.
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
an implicit comparison in which a thing is spoken of as actually being to which it is being compared, A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
an explicit comparison that emphasizes a shared characteristic between two seemingly unlike things, A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox ).
A phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought.
Refers to an expression that has been overused to the extent that it loses its original meaning or novelty.
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels; Short religious story that has a moral
collection of hymns and other religious texts composed in India between about 1500 and 1000 BCE. It includes elements such as liturgical material as well as mythological accounts, poems, prayers, and formulas considered to be sacred by the Vedic religion.
Is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya
Epic of the Indian culture
A fable from the Indian culture
Is a recurrent figure or archetype in world mythologies, folklore, and literature.
Archetype that deceives and or out wits another character
The earliest Chinese poetry; A collection of 305 poems of varying length, drawn from all ranks of Chinese society. The title Shih Ching is usually translated in English as The Book of Songs or sometimes as The Odes.
Poetical composition; poetry
Often a narrative set to music.
in written composition, is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience; generally conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject
Can be defined as style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer
a verse, a line, a set, or a group of some lines that appears at the end of stanza, or appears where a poem divides into different sections.
A repeated statement in a poem and then it is changed slightly
A Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu ( fl. 6th century BC), advocating humility and religious piety
philosophy that values education, Also known as Ruism, is a system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion.
most prevalent verse in J Lit, short poem
originally encompassed number of Jap forms
Has a caesura
More emphasis on imagery and emotion than structure
Usually focuses on Nature or Love
tells a brief story
clear powerful imagery to evoke emotional response
more emphasis on imagery rather than structure
suggests a higher reality
vivid poetry that evolved from collaborative poetry like renga; Focus on perception and images; arranged in single vertical line in japanese
5 syllable 7 then 5- sound symbols
writing that makes the reader imagine what the writer is describing
sentences or phrases with parallel structure i.e. same grammatical structure; repetition creates balance and flow, making point easy to understand and remember
- Ex. "...and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
pause-indicated by punctuation in English translation
seasonal word used in haikus
A serious magazine produced for professional people or those with a particular interest
A written record that you make of the things that happen to you each day
The most famous examples are found in the Bible. The following Biblical books are classified as this; the Book of Job, Psalms, the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, the Book of Wisdom, and Sirach
a short, amusing story at the beginning of a paper to catch a reader's attention
a disappointing decline after a previous rise
an address to an object, person or thing that isn't there
words spoken by an actor to the people watching a play that the other characters in the play do not hear
a drama of light and amusing character and typically with a happy ending
an amusing element(scene, line, etc.) introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action
a conversation between two or more characters in piece of writing
a character in a scene whose job is to contrast another character
when the audience's understanding is greater than that of the characters in a play
a literary device used to hint at how the story may unfold
an extended speech made by only one person in a play, they are talking to someone else though
a device used to persuade or subtly influence the audience. It's a question asked not for the answer, but for the effect.
a type of monologue in which a character directly addresses an audience or speaks his thoughts aloud while alone or while the other actors keep silent. (They talk to themselves)
a type of play in which there is a series of unfortunate events, but jokes throughout and perhaps even a happy ending to help lighten the mood of the story
a dramatic composition dealing with a serious or somber theme, typically involving a great person destined to experience downfall or utter destruction, as through a character flaw or conflict with some overpowering force, as fate or an unyielding society
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