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49 terms

Hygiene

ATI Hygiene
STUDY
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Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
tasks performed routinely during the course of a typical day, such as walking, eating, bathing, brushing the teeth, and grooming
Adaptation
adjustment to changes in circumstances such as those resulting from illness or disability
Alopecia
hair loss
Tinea Pedis
Athlete's Foot. a chronic superficial fungal infection of the skin of the feet, typically between the toes
Buccal
pertaining to or directed toward the bucca (cheek), the fleshy portion of the side of the face that makes up the lateral wall of the oral cavity
Callus
a thickening of or a hard thickened area on skin
Canthus
the angular junction of the eyelids at either corner of the eye
Cheilosis
manifestation of vitamin B complex deficiency characterized by reddened lips with fissures at the angles of the mouth
Closed Bed
a bed prepared in a hospital room with the top sheet, blanket, and bedspread drawn up to the head of the mattress under the pillows
Corn
often painful and inflamed circumscribed lesion of thickened skin, usually on the toes and caused by pressure or friction from ill-fitting shoes
Cuticle
the narrow band of epidermis extending from the nail wall onto the nail surface
Dental Caries
tooth decay
Dental Plaque
a sticky film accumulating on the teeth that is formed by and harbors bacteria; also called tartar
Drawsheet
linen item placed under the patient's torso and used to lift and reposition the patient
Excoriation
skin abrasion typically resulting from scratching
Expectorate
to expel fluid or secretions from the mouth, throat, or lungs by coughing and/or spitting
Fanfolding
applying the proximal half of a piece of linen in successive layers lengthwise for the purpose of tucking it under the patient and rolling the patient over it while stripping or making an occupied bed
Fissure
a break, slit, or tear in soft tissue, often at the junction of skin and mucous membrane
Foreskin
fold of skin covering the glans penis (head) of an uncircumcised penis; also called prepuce
Gingiva
the part of the oral mucosa covering the tooth-bearing border of the jaw; also called gums (plural: gingivae)
Gingivitis
inflammation of the gums characterized by redness, swelling, and intermittent bleeding
Halitosis
bad breath
Hygiene
personal maintenance of cleanliness
Hypoallergenic
unlikely to cause an allergic (hypersensitivity) response
Incontinence
involuntary release of urine from the bladder or feces via the anus
Incontinent Pad
disposable material with waterproof backing placed under a patient's buttocks to contain body fluids
Ingrown Toenail
painful condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh of that toe
Labia
folds of skin on either side of the vaginal orifice
Lunula
active area of nailbed growth at the base of the fingernails and toenails
Maceration
softening or dissolution of tissue after lengthy exposure to fluid
Mucosa
the moist inner lining of various tubular structures, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines
Neuropathy
any of numerous disturbances or pathologic changes in the peripheral nervous system, most often affecting sensation
NPO
nothing by mouth, derived from the Latin words nil per os
Open Bed
a bed prepared in a hospital room with the top covers folded back to make it easy for the patient to get into the bed
Palate
the roof of the mouth separating the mouth from the nasal cavity, comprised of the hard palate (in the front of the mouth, separating cavities of the mouth and the nose) and the soft palate (the fleshy portion that separates the mouth from the pharynx)
Pediculosis
lice infestation
Perineum
area between the anus and the posterior portion of the external genitalia
Periodontal
surrounding or near a tooth
Periodontitis
inflammation or degeneration of the tissues surrounding the teeth
Plantar Wart
a skin lesion on the sole of the foot typically caused by any of the human papillomaviruses
Sebaceous Gland
oil-secreting organ of the skin
Sebum
fatty lubricant secreted by the skin's sebaceous glands
Semi-Fowler's Position
position with the head of the bed raised approximately 30 degrees
Smegma
thick, cheesy secretion that accumulates under the labia minora or the male foreskin
Sordes
foul brown crusts or accumulations of food, microorganisms, and epithelial elements on the teeth and lips, usually associated with a febrile or gastrointestinal disorder
Stomatitis
any inflammatory disorder of the mouth
Tartar
a sticky film accumulating on the teeth that is formed by and harbors bacteria; also called dental plaque
Thrush
a fungal infection in the mouth and/or throat caused by Candida albicans and manifesting as white patches and ulcers
Urethra
a narrow tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body