Free Will and Determinism
Terms in this set (9)
Juan beings are self-determining and free to choose their thoughts and actions.
Hard and soft determinism
All behaviour has a cause (the scientific approach) versus some mental control over determined events.
Biological, environmental and psychic determinism
The ANS (autonomic nervous system), genes and hormones causes stress, schizophrenia and aggression.
Skinner and Freud claimed the free will is an illusion.
Scientific emphasis on causal explanations
Knowledge of the causes of events will allow prediction and control.
Evaluation: determinism - the case for
Scientific approach is valuable.
No-one would 'choose' to have, say, schizophrenia which casts doubt on the idea of free will.
Evaluation: determinism - the case against
Not consistent with legal system.
Unfalsifiable: based in the idea that a cause of a event will always exist even though one may not have been found.
Evaluation: free will - the case for
Everyday experience suggests free choice.
Promotes mental wellbeing, internal locus of control (Roberts et al).
Evaluation: free will - the case against
Neurological evidence from Libet and Soon et al suggests that awareness is pre-determined.
Best option may be soft determinism e.g. Bandura's reciprocal determinism.
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