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444 terms

Business Innovation

Vocabulary from a Business Innovation Class in Korean
STUDY
PLAY
조직
group, organization
개념
Concept, idea, notion, conception
요소
Requisite, Essential element or important factor
요소별
Key Element
사례연구
Case Study
사례
Example, Case
연구
Study, Research
추진
Drive, Promote
목적
Purpose
개론
Introduction, General remarks
달성하다
Achieve
위하다
Sake, take care of
기존
Existing
업무
business, work, task (임무) duty
실천하다
Practice, Action
평가
Assessment, Evaluation
생산
Production
공정
Process
기술
Tecnologia
구조
Structure, construction
관리
Gestión, Management
조직구성원
Organization member
기업 내
Enterprise
발생하다
Is raised
occurrence, outbreak, genesis, occur, happen, arise, come about, take place, break out, take effect, come into force
부분
Part, section, portion
본질적으로
In essence
경쟁력
Competitiveness
강력
Strong
제고
Improve, boost, enhance, Increase
강력
Strong, powerfull
도전
Challenge, defiance
대량생산
Mass production, large quantity production
시장점유율
Market share
점유율
Share
제한
Limited
전략
Strategy
분화
Differentiation
균형
Balance
원가
Production cost, cost price
절감
Reduction
품질
Quality
향상
Improve, advancement, progress
협력사
Partners
재고
1. stock, inventory
2. [명사] (다시 생각하는 것) reconsideration, rethink , [동사] reconsider, rethink
효율
Efficiency
국가
Nation, Country, State
빈부
Rich and the poor
빈부의 격차
Gap between poor and rich
확대
Expansion, expand
획일
uniformity, standardization
(화)Uniformity, standardization, be unified
(적) uniform, standardized
서구가치
Western Values
가치
Value, worth
중소
Small and Medium (business, cities ...)
보수
Conservatism
혁신적
Innovative
진보적
Progressive
도전적
Challenging
유연성
Flexibility
의사결정
Decision making
공급자
Provider
물류
Distribution
검사
Inspection
지식
Knowledge
수립
Establishment, 樹立;founding;forming ―하다 establish;set up;found
지역
Geographical. area
계열사
Affiliates, Subsidiary
점검
Check, inspection, examination
부품
Part, component
세부
Details;particulars;the fine parts
조립
Assembly, assembling, assemble
국가별
Regional
부문
Division
본부
Headquarter/Company (MC, HA, HE, AE..)
사업부
Division
추진현황
Current Status
연간
Annual
설정서
Definition, setting, set-up, set
조직 운영
Organization Operation/Administration
운영
Manage, run, operate, administration
미주
Americas
생사
Production
영업
Business
회계
1. accounting, accountancy
2. accountant, treasurer
자재
Materials
수입
Import
환급
Refunds
공장물류
Plant Logistics
내수 주문
Domestic Order
수출 주문
Export order
비용
Cost, expense, charge
자원
1. Resources
2. Volunteer
최적화
Optimization
기준 (基準)
Standard, criteria
금융
Finance
세무
Tax
경영지원
Management Support
활용
(잘 이용함) [명사] application, practical use , [동사] use, (formal) utilize, make (good) use of, put sth to (good) use, (formal) avail oneself of sth
이행 (履行)
fulfillment, performance, execution, implementation, fulfill, carry out, perform, execute, implement
검토 (檢討)
Examination, review, consideration, study, examine, consider, check
제안 (提案)
Suggestion, offer, proposal, proposition, suggest, propose
안정 (安定)
Stability, stabilization
법인
Corporation, corporate body
신속
Quickness, rapidity, swiftness, promptitude, speediness, celerity.
합리 (合理)
Rationality, reasonableness
방안 (方案)
Way, measure, plan
대상
Object, target, subject
지원
1. (원조) support, backing, aid, support, back (up), shore up
2. apply (군대 등에) volunteer (for)
본사
Headquarter, (중심이 되는 회사) head office (우리 회사) this[my, our] company
기반
base , footing , foothold , groundwork
추진
1. Driving, (로켓 등을) propel
2. (계획 등을) push ahead (with)
관점
point of view, viewpoint, standpoint, perspective, angle
표준
standard, average, norm
개선
[명사] improvement (in/on/to), (formal) betterment , [동사] improve, upgrade, reform, better, make sth better
구축
1. (시설물을) [동사] build, construct
2. (체제·체계 등을) [동사] build, establish
측정
Measurement
현업
production, actual》 work-site operations, site[shop-floor] operations
부서
Department, division
수행
(이행) fulfill, performance, fulfillment , perform, carry out
구현
Implementation, 具現 embodiment;materialization;realization ―하다 embody;realize(실현하다);materialize;express tangibly
분석
[명사] analysis (analyses) (화학) assay, [동사] analyze, assay
설계
Design, 設計
a plan 《for》;a design 《for》 ―하다 draw (up) a plan 《for》;plan;design;lay out
구성
composition, constitution, organization, formation, construction, configuration
유관
being related
영향
influence, effect, consequences, repercussions
확산
spread, dissemination, diffusion
Roll out
방식
way, method, manner
주기
period, cycle
측정
measuring, measurement
유지
維持
maintenance;preservation;upkeep;sustenance;support ―하다 maintain;preserve;keep up;hold (up);sustain;support
관하다
to be involved with/related to (as in work)
일관
(一貫) 『시종여일』 consistency; coherence; unswerving. ∼ 하다 be consistent [coherent]; be unswerving [faithful].
정산
Adjustment
자산
property, asset, capital (can be abstract)
과제
task, assignment, activity
승인
【용인】recognition;acknowledgment;admission;【동의】consent;agreement;【인가】approval ―하다 recognize;acknowledge;approve;admit;give consent to;hold with
주요
主要 the principal;the important;the main;the essential ―하다 (be)chief;principal;leading;essential;important;staple;capital;foremost
투자
[n] (an) investment
예상
[명사] expectation, anticipation, prediction (정보에 근거한) forecast, [동사] expect, anticipate, predict, foresee (정보에 근거해서) forecast
규모
Scale, scope
산정
Calculation
확정
decide, determine, settle, set, fix, confirm, finalize
경비
Expenses or expenditure; guard, defend
심의
Deliberation, consideration, discussion, review
착수
Start, 시작
최종
Final, ultimate
검수
Inspection, check
실적
Actual result, past record, record of performance
합의
Settlement, agreement
인건비
Personnel expenses, labor costs
지급
Payment
give, provide, pay
발주
Placing an order
대금
payment (상품에 대한 값) price
집행
execution;enforcement;【의식 등의】performance
강제 집행 compulsory[forcible] execution
영역
Sphere, domain, field, area
담당
어떤 일을 맡음】charge;undertaking;【사람】a person in charge 《of》 ―하다 take charge 《of》;be in charge 《of》
기능
technical skill; ability
해외
foreign countries;overseas
수요
demand,requirement
실행
fulfillment, execution, practice [實行]
양성
training, education
지향
intend to, aim
체계
system / organization / scheme
독하다
1. (맛·냄새·성질 등이) (술·약 등이) potent, strong (냄새가) pungent
2. (성격이) spiteful, venomous
3. (의지·결심 등이) dogged, firm
사용자
A user,consumer,employer
열렬히
1. ardently 2. fervently 3. passionately
환호
cheer, acclamation
제공
offer, supply, provide, furnish (sb with sth)
변경
Change, alteration, modification
요구
demand, request, requirement
재사용
reuse
도출
deduction ―하다 draw 《a conclusion》;deduce 《the truth》;derive 《an idea》
정의
1. (뜻, 의미) definition , define (sth as sth)
2. (바른 도리) justice, (formal) righteousness
단계별
Step-by-step
수준
a level;a standard
접근
access;approach;closeness;proximity;approximation;【관계】intimate relations 접근성 -accessibility
적용
application, [동사] apply (to)
정규화
Regularization, canonicalization, normalization
진정
【진정코】really;truly;actually;【순전히】quite;indeed;very much眞情
true feeling;true heart;genuine sentiment;sincerity
원리
a principle;a theory;the fundamental truth;fundamentals
근본 원리 the fundamental principles
본위
기준; Standard
논리
logic, reasoning
물리 (적)
physics, physical
육성
upbringing, rearing
관련
relation, connection
사상
thought, idea
누각
a palace, a tower, a castle
통합
unification, consolidation
현상
현재의 상태) the status quo, present[current] state[situation], present[actual, existing] condition, existing state[circumstances]
특징
a special feature, a characteristic
시연
a demonstration, a trial performance (of a play), a rehearsal, a preview, 시연하다 give a trial performance, rehearse (a play)
협업
cooperation, collaboration, cooperative work, cooperate
개별
an individual[a particular] case;individualization
신규
A new regulation, a new project, sth new on a big scale ; work being done anew
요청
a request;a demand ―하다 demand;ask 《for》;ask 《a person》 for aid;request;call on 《a person》 to 《do》;make a bid 《for support》
선대
ancestors, forebears, forefathers, previous[earlier] generation
응하다
1. accept, accede to 2. answer, respond to, reply to
존재
presence; existence; figure
(실제로 있음) existence (실제로 있는 사람·사물) being , exist, be
일부
part, portion, section
동일
【꼭같음】identity;sameness;oneness ―하다 (be) identical;(one and) the same
거래
(去來) business;transaction
대응
(대책, 조치) [명사] action (조치) maneuver, [동사] deal with, respond (to), cope with, take action (against)
입력
input, entry
거래(선)
[명사] deal, dealings (상업) business, (formal) transaction (무역) trade (불법적인) traffic , [동사] deal (with), trade (with), make[do] a deal (with), have dealings (with), do[transact] business (with)
동일
같다 [형용사] same (as) , identical (to/with) , equal (to)
개의
개의 介意 개의하다 mind, be concerned (about), take 《something》 to one´s heart, care (about), trouble[concern] oneself (about)
접수
(formal) receipt, accept, receive
조회
(신원·인적 사항 등을 알아보는 것) inquiry (into) , ask (sb about sth), check, inquire (about/into), make inquiries (about)
동시
(같은 시기) at the same time , at once , simultaneously , (formal) concurrently
통하다
(바람·피·전기 등이) go[move] through, flow through (기체·액체 등이) circulate (공기가) ventilate (전기가) conduct
연관
relation(s) (with/between), connection (with/between/to), association (with/between),
선정
(골라서 정하다) selection, choice, select, choose (from/between)
생중계
[생방송] live broadcast, live (TV) coverage, broadcast live
입찰
bid (for), bidding, tender
과정
(진행 상황) process
공개
[동사] make public, open (sth) to the public, go public (on/with)
진행
1. (앞으로 나아감) progress, head (toward)
2. (일·회의 등의) progress, progression , progress (행사·프로그램 등을) emcee
역량
[능력] capability (to do), competence (in/of), ability (to do), capacity
인정
[명사] acknowledgment (인식) recognition (시인) approval , [동사] admit, acknowledge, accept (시인하다) concede (좋게 평가하다) recognize
괘거
splendid achievement, splendid feat
개통
[명사] opening , [동사] be opened (up)
역수
a reciprocal number
대중
the (general) public
징수
collection, collect
연계
ties, connection, link, liaison, have ties (with), be connected (with), be linked
방향성
Directions, orientation, directional property, directionality, directivity
접점
(수학) point of contact
감소
[줄다] [명사] decrease (in/of), decline (in/of), drop (in), fall (in/of), (formal) diminution (in/of), [동사] decrease, decline, diminish, lessen, drop, fall, go down (서서히) dwindle
표준화
standardization
대비
1. (대조, 비교) [명사] (대조) contrast (비교) comparison [동사] (대조되다) be contrasted (with) (비교되다) be compared (with/to)
2. [명사] preparation (for), provision (for), preparedness, [동사] prepare (for), make provision (for), make preparations (for), be ready (for)
3. association by contrast[contiguity, similarity]
핵심
(중요한 부분) core (요점) the (key) point, the heart, the gist, the nub, kernel
경우
(상황, 형편, 사정) case, circumstances, scenario
인증
[명사] certification, accreditation, confirmation , [동사] certify, accredit, confirm
비중
1. (물리) specific gravity
2. (중요도) (relative) importance, weight
적절
pertinence; appropriateness; ap-titude; propriety. 적절하다 pertinent; fit; appropriate; adequate; proper; apposite; happy; well fitted; [시기가] well-timed; timely.
그외에
1. outside of that
2. except
3. except for that
4. in addition
5. besides
조사
investigation, inquiry (into) (설문) survey (of) , investigate, inquire into, probe (into), look into, check into, go over
정규의
Regular, 정규 멤버 -- a regular member --
우선
1. (먼저) first (of all) (무엇보다도 먼저) above all
2.- [명사] priority, [동사] take[have] priority[precedence] (over)
얻다
get, gain, win
계정
Account
장치
(설치된 도구, 도구를 설치함) [명사] equipment, installation, device , [동사] equip (sth with sth), install, set up, fit (sth) (up)
차원
1. (사물을 보는 방법·입장) level
2. (수학) dimension
제회
(면제) exemption, 제외하다 except (from), make an exception of, exclude (from), exempt (a person)
원천
source, root, origin, wellspring, (literary) fountainhead
원인
cause
정도
1. (분량, 수준) degree
2. (바른길) right path[way, track]
3. 어느 정도 --> to some[a certain] degree[extent]
4. 생활 정도 --> the standard of living
출시
release , release, launch
예정
[명사] schedule, [동사] be scheduled (for / to do), be expected[supposed, planned] (to do), be due (for / to do), be slated (for / to do)
일정
1. Schedule
2. [형용사] (정해진) fixed, set (특정한) certain (동일한) uniform (변하지 않는) constant, steady, consistent (규칙적인) regular
가능
possibility, 가능하다 (be) possible, feasible, potential, practicable, be within the range[bounds] of possibility.
퇴사
[명사] resignation, [동사] resign (from), retire (from), step down (from), leave a company, (informal) quit one's job
후임
successor (to), replacement (for)
후임자 - successor, replacement
유용
[명사] misuse, (formal) appropriation (횡령) embezzlement, (formal) misappropriation , [동사] misuse, appropriate, divert sth to[from] sth (횡령하다) embezzle, (formal) misappropriate
참다
(생리 현상 등을) suppress, stifle, stop[resist] (doing), hold[fight, force] back, restrain oneself (from doing)
환경
1. (자연조건) the (natural) environment
2. (주위의 상태) environment, circumstances, surroundings, climate, (formal) milieu
주사용자
Primary User
정식
Formal
정식으로 - legally
활동
(움직임, 동작) [명사] activity, [동사] move, do, be active
사번
1. pressure of business; complexity; intricacy.
2. 사번하다 pressed with business; intricate; complicated; complex.
부여
[동사] give, grant (자격·권리 등을) invest sb[sth] with sth
제약
1. (제한) restriction (on), limitation (on/upon), constraint (on), restraint (on) , limit, restrict, constrain, restrain
2. (약의 제조) medicine[drug] manufacture (제조된 약) pharmaceuticals, (manufactured) medicine[drug]
책임
1. (임무, 의무) responsibility, duty, obligation (to)
2. 책임자 person in charge
직군
occupational group
속하다
[소속되다]
belong to, be affiliated to[with]
실제
Truth, reality
측면
1. side, flank
2. (현상의 한 면) aspect
부족
[명사] shortage, lack, deficiency, scarcity, (formal) want (of), (formal) insufficiency, [형용사] insufficient (동사로 쓰여) lack
인하다
be caused by, arise from, result from, be due to
한계
limit(s), limitation(s)
분산
1. (흩어짐) [명사] breakup, dispersion, [동사] break up, disperse
혼선
(전화·통신상의) [동사] be crossed
전체
the whole
제외
(면제) exemption, 제외하다 except (from), make an exception of, exclude (from), exempt (a person)
유통
[명사] distribution, circulation , [동사] be distributed
일치
(같거나 들어맞음) [명사] agreement, accord, consensus, (formal) concurrence, (formal) coincidence , [동사] agree (with), conform (to), correspond (to/with), coincide (with), (formal) accord (with), (formal) concur (with)
종류
kind (of), sort (of), type (of), variety (of)
ㄹ뿐더러
in addition tonot only[merely]...but, as well as,
반복
[명사] repetition, [동사] repeat
행위
act, action, (literary) deed
원하다
want, wish, hope, (formal) desire (간절히) long (for / to do)
확보
[동사] (formal) secure, procure
다양화
[명사] diversification , [동사] diversify
강화
[명사] reinforcement (힘·권력 등의) consolidation, [동사] reinforce, strengthen (힘·권력 등을) consolidate (규칙 등을) tighten (up) (증강하다) build up
방화벽
firewall
전반적인
all-round, overall, general
특성
characteristic, nature, character, property, quality, (formal) attribute
경쟁
[명사] competition, contest (for), rivalry (between), contend (for), [동사] compete, contest, vie (with), enter into competition (with)
현황
present condition[situation], current state of affairs
한계
limits, limitations
적자
(손해) deficit, loss
지연
delay (연기) postponement , be delayed, be late, be behind time be overdue
횟수
number (of times)
매출
sales
집중
concentration , concentrate (정신·관심 등을) focus (on/upon), center (on/upon)
추출
(화학) extraction , extract
불량
[형용사] poor, faulty ... lack...
협의
[명사] consultation (with/between), discussion (with) , [동사] consult (with), discuss (sth with sb), confer (with), talk (to/with)
상세
details; particulars; circumstances; minute details. 상세하다 minute; detailed; full; circumstantial.
생성
creation, formation, be created
원본
original (text)
시차
time difference
모집
[명사] recruitment, [동사] recruit (광고로) advertise for
송부
sending, forwarding, remittance(돈의), 송부하다 send, forward, address, remit(돈을)
수정
1. modification, amendment, revise , change
2. correction, rectification
복잡
complexity; complication; intricacy.
판단
[명사] judgment, decision , [동사] judge, decide, make a judgment, make a decision
추천
recommendation, recommend
비율
ratio, proportion, rate (퍼센트) percentage
처리
(일·사건 등의) handling (쓰레기·폭탄 등의) disposal (데이터 등의) processing, handle, deal with, take care of (처분·제거하다) dispose of (데이터 등을) process
배치
[명사] arrangement, placement, disposition, [동사] arrange, place
현실
reality, (formal) actualities
의견
(개인적 견해) opinion (of/on), view (on/about) (제안) suggestion, idea (for), comment
공유
1.- [명사] (함께 나눔) sharing , [동사] share (with)
2.- [재산] common[public, community] property, property owned in common
자체
Self-....xyz
차이
difference (in/between), distinction (between), gap (between) (차별) (formal) disparity (in/between)
항목
(조항) article, clause, provision (표·계산서 등의 세목) item
동의
[명사] agreement , consent , (formal) assent , (formal) concurrence (승낙) approval
여부
yes or no;whether or not
일원
member
클럽의 일원 a club member
기본
basics (토대) basis (bases) , foundation (근본) fundamentals
평균
(여러 수치의 합을 나눈 결과) average, mean
생략
drop, omit, skip, leave (sth) out
협의
consultation (with/between), discussion (with) , [동사] consult (with), discuss (sth with sb)
중첩
(중복) reiteration, (겹쳐 쌓임) being piled up one on another, be heaped up, be amassed, be repeated[reiterated, duplicated]
저희
(일인칭) (주격) we (소유격) our (목적격) us (소유대명사) ours (재귀대명사) ourselves
접수
receipt, accept, receive
송신
transmission, transmit
작업
work, (일, 노동) job (특히 군인·경찰들의) operation(s)
요약
[명사] summing-up (요약한 것) summary, abstract (영화·책 등의) synopsis, [동사] summarize, sum up
당연하지
No doubt!
근거
[명사] grounds , basis , [동사] be based[founded] (on/upon)
명세
(내역) the items (of an account), breakdown, classification, itemization
첨부
attach (sth to sth), add (sth to sth)
첨부로 - attached...
자신
1. confidence, assurance, be confident, have confidence
2. onself
품의
consultation (with a superior), 품의하다 consult (with a superior), confer (with a superior)
총무
general affairs, manager
참고
reference, refer, consult
참고로 - 1. for reference, 2. for one´s information
엄청
very, much, seriously, terribly, awfully
나다
1. grow, sprout
2. happen, break out
3. occur, cross one's mind
권하다
1. advise, suggest, recommend
2. offer, recommend
조치
action, measure, step, take action, take measures, take steps
반영
reflection, reflect, mirror, apply
발상법
brainstorming
thinking technique ...
사고
1. trouble, mishap, hitch, hiccup
2. thinking, thought, think
통한
1. go[move] through, flow through, circulate, ventilate, conduct
2. lead, open onto[into], give onto
3. bitter grief
전환
change, switch, changeover, change, switch
전송
transmission, transmit, send
검증
verification, investigation, verify
관습
custom, convention
타파
overthrow, break down, do away with
반드시
surely, certainly, without fail, at any cost, at all costs, no matter what
최적
optimum, (의) 1. optimum, 2. optimal, 3. best
전문
one's specialty
장비
equipment, gear, apparatus
업체
business, enterprise, industry
미리
beforehand, in advance, ahead of time
판단
judgment, decision, judge, decide, make a judgment, make a decision
철저
thoroughness, exhaustiveness, 철저하다 (be) thorough, thoroughgoing, exhaustive, radical, drastic
변화
change, alteration, transition, change, turn
선적
shipment, shipping, load, ship, make shipment
배제
exclusion, elimination, removal, 배제하다 exclude, eliminate, remove
일으킨다
raise, pick up, set upright, sit upright
특성
characteristic, nature, character, property, quality, attribute
맞춤형
customized
극한치
a limiting value
이론치
theory
different[divergent] opinion[view], dissent
재분
subdivision
약점
weakness, weak point[spot side], vulnerable point
무조건
unconditional
역발상
different thinking, open mind, to approach the situation with a different way of thinking....
최선
1. the best way[plan]
2. the[one's] best, the[one's] utmost
암호
code, cipher, password
바로
1. straight, upright
2. right
3. at once, immediately, straight, instantly, right away[off]
법적
1. legal
2. way, method, manner
해당
be relevant, be applicable, apply, correspond, come[fall] under
사외
outside the company
유출
spill, be spilled, be discharged, leak
옳다
1. right, proper
2. right, correct
규정
rule, regulation, code, provide, stipulate, prescribe, require
지정
designation, appointment, designate, appoint
형식
form, formality, convention
물동
...
입고
[예문] 상품이 입고되었다 The goods were stocked[warehoused, stored in a warehouse].
유일
only, sole, one and only
계기
chance, opportunity
수교
establish diplomatic relations[ties]
우호관계
friendly relations (with, between), friendship (with)
언급
reference, mention, refer, mention, make reference, make mention of
뜨다
1. float, take off, leave
2. scoop, ladle, spoon
3. open
조회
inquiry, ask, check, inquire, make inquiries
항목
article, clause, provision, item
권한
right, authority, power, jurisdiction
정확
correctness, accuracy, exactness, precision, exactitude
지정
designation, appointment, designate, appoint
조합
mix, combination, mix, combine, compound, association
선처
something like scheduled, fixed for implementation...
선처리...
바탕
1. foundation, basis
2. background, ground
3. nature
추후
[예문] 추후에 later (on)
1. later
2. afterward
3. in the future
공장
factory, plant, mill, works
방문
visit, call, visit, pay[make] a call, stop by, drop by[in around]
토록
1. to the point where it does[says, is]
2. as much as, to the extent of
제반
1. various
2. several
3. all
정리
1. arrangement, organization, arrange, put[set] sth in order, clean[tidy clear straighten], organize
회신
reply, answer
통보
notice, notification, notify, inform
조율
1. tuning, tune
2. mediation, arbitration, mediate, arbitrate
촬영
shooting, filming, shoot, photograph, take a photograph[picture], film
예선
the preliminaries, preliminary round, heat, qualifying round
유첨
첨부 별첨 appendix attachment 현황 참조
참조
reference, consultation, refer, consult
상승
rise, increase, climb, upturn, rise, increase, climb, go up, appreciate, ascend
단순
1. simple
2. simple, naive
적재
[동사] load (up)
이동
1. movement, migration, move, travel, migrate
지불
payment, discharge, pay, make a payment
전표
statement
작성
make, draw up, prepare, write, fill in[out]
결산
1. settlement of accounts, balancing[closing] accounts, settle[balance] accounts
2. evaluate, look back
예산
budget
증액
increase
감액
a reduction, a curtailment, a cut, a cutback, 감액하다 reduce, make a reduction, curtail, cut back[down]
이관
transfer of control, 이관하다 transfer the superintendence (to)
통제
control, regulation, control, regulate
제어
1. control, control, hold back, keep back
보완
supplementation, supplement
개성
individuality, personality
저하
fall, decline
생산성
productivity
과다
excessive, superabundant
결재
approval, authorization, approve, sign, give approval, authorize
변동
change, fluctuation, change, vary, fluctuate
성능
performance
마감
1. deadline
2. end, close, finish
동적
dynamic, kinetic
할당
Assignment, delegation, allotment, allocation, assign, delegate, allot, allocate
단일화
Unification
ancestral rites, memorial service[ceremony], commemorative rites for ancestors
-제 (제) (制)
a system, an organization, an institution
-제 (제) (劑)
a medicine, a drug, a dose
-제 (제) (製)
make, manufacture
-제 (제) (祭)
a religious service, a festival, a fete
증감
increase and[or] decrease, variation, fluctuation, increase and[or] decrease, vary, fluctuate
인도
1.transfer, delivery, extradition, hand[turn] over, transfer, deliver, extradite
2.sidewalk, pavement
3.[명사], guidance, guide, lead, shepherd
포함
inclusion, comprehension, implication, 포함하다 imply, connote
공수
man hour
미확정
1. not yet decided
2. unsettled
3. pending
다년
many years, a number of years
규격
standard