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Edexcel GCSE Psychology: Charlton et al(2000)
Terms in this set (6)
To investigate the effects of television on children's behaviour
In 1993, two years before television was introduced in St. Helena, Charlton et al started their experiment, where it still continues today. This is a natural experiment since they investigated a naturally occurring phenomenon.
They used questionnaires and asked parents and teachers about their children's behaviour.
Observations regarding children's behaviour and aggression were made in the playground of the school.
Researchers also analysed what children saw and how much they saw on TV, especially violence.
Video cameras were also placed in school classrooms and playgrounds to monitor children's behaviour and levels of aggression.
Effect of television wasn't large.
Television doesn't heavily influence a child's behaviour.
+ High ecological validity due to it being a natural experiment
+ Hidden cameras were used so that children would act naturally.
- Parents and teachers could've lied to avoid controversy in the small island
- Isn't generalisable; programmes seen by St. Helena children were different to programmes seen by mainland children.
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