Lexicology: LEXICOGRAPHY, TYPES OF DICTIONARIES, DICTIONARY ENTRY
Terms in this set (14)
making dictionaries + principals of how to make a dictionary
description of all lexemes, which are presented in a dictionary as individual entries (headwords).
typology of dictionaries
- information about the language, word used for a particular object
- about the concept - refers to objects, people of reality, not the names - info about the concept, origin of phenomenon, causes, consequences
- inform about generally used words
- mostly used words (McMillan dictionary - stars indicate how frequent the word is)
- for a phenomenon: pronunciation dictionary, d. of synonyms, collocations etc
the common one
- we know the form (letters), but not the meaning
thesaurus - form the meaning to the form
= printed in bold
at the beginning of the whole entry
neutral forms (common case, singular) - not modified
o but exceptions: better - exceptional form
includes grammatical, stylistical info (connotation), morphological, ...
the section of derivatives
the canonical form - unmarked base
non-canonical form - irreg. verbs, etc. (e.g. slept - with the reference to the infinitive sleep)
idioms - presented under their "head"
Types of lexicography
dictionary typology, history, methods, principles of description
pre-lexicography: determination of publishing specifications, funding, examining sources, field-work, staffing;
lexicography proper: dictionary-making, compiling entry list, defining, grouping lexical items, editing, publishing, etc.
Typology of dictionaries:
number of languages: monolingual - explanatory/bilingual - translational /multilingual/semibilingual
target: (prescriptive - pedagogical (prescribes rules)/ descriptive (describes what exists)
expressional aspect: (onomasiological - from meaning to form, e.g. d. of synonyms, antonyms, hyponyms, thesauri - words are grouped together according to conceptual connection, regardless of part of speech / semasiological - from form to meaning, e.g. d. of spelling, pronunciation, rhyming d.)
= the structure of an entry
phonological, grammatical, semantic data
the structure of a dictionary as a whole